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Articles by Ken Chen
Total Records ( 2 ) for Ken Chen
  Aviva Joseph , Jian Hua Zheng , Antonia Follenzi , Teresa DiLorenzo , Kaori Sango , Jaime Hyman , Ken Chen , Alicja Piechocka-Trocha , Christian Brander , Erik Hooijberg , Dario A. Vignali , Bruce D. Walker and Harris Goldstein
  The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-specific CD8 cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) response plays a critical role in controlling HIV-1 replication. Augmenting this response should enhance control of HIV-1 replication and stabilize or improve the clinical course of the disease. Although cytomegalovirus (CMV) or Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in immunocompromised patients can be treated by adoptive transfer of ex vivo-expanded CMV- or EBV-specific CTLs, adoptive transfer of ex vivo-expanded, autologous HIV-1-specific CTLs had minimal effects on HIV-1 replication, likely a consequence of the inherently compromised qualitative function of HIV-1-specific CTLs derived from HIV-1-infected individuals. We hypothesized that this limitation could be circumvented by using as an alternative source of HIV-1-specific CTLs, autologous peripheral CD8+ T lymphocytes whose antigen specificity is redirected by transduction with lentiviral vectors encoding HIV-1-specific T-cell receptor (TCR) α and β chains, an approach used successfully in cancer therapy. To efficiently convert peripheral CD8 lymphocytes into HIV-1-specific CTLs that potently suppress in vivo HIV-1 replication, we constructed lentiviral vectors encoding the HIV-1-specific TCR α and TCR β chains cloned from a CTL clone specific for an HIV Gag epitope, SL9, as a single transcript linked with a self-cleaving peptide. We demonstrated that transduction with this lentiviral vector efficiently converted primary human CD8 lymphocytes into HIV-1-specific CTLs with potent in vitro and in vivo HIV-1-specific activity. Using lentiviral vectors encoding an HIV-1-specific TCR to transform peripheral CD8 lymphocytes into HIV-1-specific CTLs with defined specificities represents a new immunotherapeutic approach to augment the HIV-1-specific immunity of infected patients.
  Tanushri Sengupta , Ken Chen , Eric Milot and James J. Bieker
  Posttranslational modifications of transcription factors provide alternate protein interaction platforms that lead to varied downstream effects. We have investigated how the acetylation of EKLF plays a role in its ability to alter the β-like globin locus chromatin structure and activate transcription of the adult β-globin gene. By establishing an EKLF-null erythroid line whose closed β-locus chromatin structure and silent β-globin gene status can be rescued by retroviral infection of EKLF, we demonstrate the importance of EKLF acetylation at lysine 288 in the recruitment of CBP to the locus, modification of histone H3, occupancy by EKLF, opening of the chromatin structure, and transcription of adult β-globin. We also find that EKLF helps to coordinate this process by the specific association of its zinc finger domain with the histone H3 amino terminus. Although EKLF interacts equally well with H3.1 and H3.3, we find that only H3.3 is enriched at the adult β-globin promoter. These data emphasize the critical nature of lysine acetylation in transcription factor activity and enable us to propose a model of how modified EKLF integrates coactivators, chromatin remodelers, and nucleosomal components to alter epigenetic chromatin structure and stimulate transcription.
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