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Articles by Ke-Qi Wei
Total Records ( 1 ) for Ke-Qi Wei
  Jian-She Hu , Ke-Qi Wei , Bao-Yan Zhang and Li-Qun Yang
  The synthesis is described of four new chiral liquid crystalline monomers (M2-M5 ) and their corresponding side-chain homopolysiloxanes (P2-P5 ) containing menthyl groups. Chemical structures were characterised using FT-IR or 1H NMR spectra, and specific optical rotations were evaluated with a polarimeter. The phase behaviour and mesomorphic properties of the new compounds were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetric analysis, polarising optical microscopy, UV/visible/NIR spectrocopy and X-ray diffraction. The monomers and homopolymers with more aryl segments showed noticeably lower specific optical rotation value. The monomers M2-M5 formed a cholesteric or blue phase when a flexible spacer was inserted between the rigid mesogenic core and the terminal menthyl groups by reducing the steric effect. M2-M5 revealed enantiotropic cholesteric phase. Moreover, M2 also exhibited a monotropic smectic A (SmA) phase, and M4 also exhibited a cubic blue phase on cooling. The selective reflection of light shifted to the long wavelength region with increasing rigidity of the mesogenic core for M2-M5 . P2-P5 exhibited SmA phases, and the mesogenic moieties were ordered in smectic orientation with their centres of gravity in planes. Melting or glass transition temperature and the clearing temperature increased, and the mesophase temperature range widened with increasing rigidity of the mesogenic core.
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