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Articles by Kamil Alibas
Total Records ( 2 ) for Kamil Alibas
  Asli Ayhan , Liu Qingyu , Kamil Alibas and Halil Unal
  Increase of world population and continuation of industrialization increase energy requirement. Meeting these requirements with fossil based fuels increase greenhouse gas emissions, cause environment-air pollution and global warming. Environment-friendly biogas output and utilization which decrease production input gains importance in meeting energy requirement in agricultural enterprises. Dairy cattle manure and maize silage are the common substrates for anaerobic digestion in agricultural enterprises. In this study, biogas production in anaerobic digestion is studied under mesophilic conditions for 60 days. Laboratory scale experiments were performed on the digestion of dairy cattle manure and maize silage at different mixing rate. The results showed that co-digestion of dairy cattle manure and maize silage have positive effects on biogas production and methane content of biogas. The highest biogas production was measured at the DM 6% content and the manure:silage rate 3:1. Also, the highest methane content was measured at the highest silage rate.
  Halil Unal and Kamil Alibas
  In this study, it was aimed to determine the suitable burning technique and grate type of wheat and sunflower stalks. Wheat and sunflower stalks were burnt in three different forms. In the first form, wheat straw was burnt in bale slices, sunflower stalks as it was removed from the field; in the second form, both stalks were burnt after being chopped without being compressed; and in the third one after being chopped and compressed in polyethylene bags. Three different grates with circle, oblong and mixed (circle+oblong) holed were used in the boiler. Fuels were burnt in the grates in three different forms, i.e., by front natural draft, bottom natural draft and bottom fan blowing. In the study, the highest boiler efficiency for the 1. forms of wheat and sunflower stalks were found as 25.7 and 25.1% in front burning with circle holed grate. The highest boiler efficiency in the 2. form trials were obtained under front burning conditions with circle holed grate, being 35.8 and 30.5% in wheat straw and sunflower stalks, respectively. The highest efficiency in the 3. form trials were obtained in the burning type bottom fan blowing and mixed holed grate with bottom fan blowing and circle holed grate in sunflower stalk with 30.9%. Low O2 values were obtained for front and bottom burning conditions in all three grates for the I. forms of fuels, in the chimney gas measurements of wheat and sunflower stalks.
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