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Articles by Kalu Mong Kalu
Total Records ( 2 ) for Kalu Mong Kalu
  Kalu Mong Kalu , Nwogo Ajuka Obasi , Florence Onyemachi Nduka , Victor Oluoha Nwaugo and Ifeanyi Augustine Onuabuchi
  In this study, abundance of nocturnal, endophagous and anthropophagous adult Anopheles species in relation to human malaria transmission in an urban setting (Umuahia) and a rural community (Uturu) in Abia State, Southeastern Nigeria, were comparatively investigated for a period of 24 months (January, 2009-December, 2010) using “night indoor human-balt insecticide spray sheet catches” and abundance of human malaria parasites vectors was also investigated. Peripheral blood smears were used to determine prevalence of malaria parasitaemia among inhabitants of the study communities. The results indicated that a total of 501 adult female Anopheles mosquitoes were caught: 171 (34.13%) comprising A. gambiae and A. funestus in Umuahia urban and 330 (65.87%) comprising A. gambiae, A. funestus and A. moucheti in Uturu community. The results also showed that A. moucheti was not found in Umuahia urban setting. Nocturnal, endophagous and anthropophilic Anopheles species were significantly more abundant in the rural area (Uturu) than the urban (Umuahia) at p<0.05. Prevalence rates of malaria parasitaemia between the two communities did not differ statistically at p<0.05: n = 231 (74.52%) in Umuahia urban and n = 230 (74.19%) in Uturu. Both urban and rural areas were coendemic for Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium malariae. There was no correlation between malaria vectors abundance and transmission at both the urban and rural setting of the study areas. Proper implementation of the use of impregnated bed net in both urban and rural areas for the control of malaria should be advocated.
  Kalu Mong Kalu , Nwogo Ajuka Obasi , Florence Onyemachi Nduka and Glory Otuchristian
  Malaria is an infectious disease which is as old as man and as such demands a thorough put investigation for effective prevention. In this study, a comparative study of the prevalence of malaria in Aba and Umuahia urban settings of Abia state, Nigeria were investigated in order to proffer possible preventive/control measures. A total of 500 individuals (250 in each urban setting) were examined for malaria parasites in blood specimens using standard methods. The results showed that a total number 402 (80.40%) were positive for malaria parasitaemia. In Aba, 216 (86.40%) individuals were positive while in Umuahia, 186 (74.40%) individuals were positive for malaria parasitaemia and the difference in the prevalence between these urban areas were statistically significant. Individuals of age group 21-30 years had the highest rate of infection (92.31%) in Aba while in Umuahia highest infection rate of 90.00% was observed in the age group 11-20 years. Traders were mostly infected in both urban areas with 94.34% in Aba and 93.75% in Umuahia, however, the difference was not statistically significant (p>0.05). Females in both urban areas were more infected than males with (91.20%) in Aba and 80.80% in Umuahia, the difference being statistically significant (p<0.05). Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium malariae occurred in both urban areas with Plasmodium falciparum predominating Aba and Umuahia urban were observed to be endemic for malaria.
 
 
 
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