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Articles by Kadir Arifin
Total Records ( 21 ) for Kadir Arifin
  Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Azahan Awang and Masdila Binti Johari Tohari
  Increments of waste due to the industrial and domestic activities had raised the need for a more efficient and systematic waste management. Factors like costs, ineffective enforcement and lack of environmental awareness had resulted companies taking easy way out to manage their waste. ISO 14001 is one of the initiatives for organization in running their business, while preserving the environment. Main objective of this research is to study the positive and negative impacts upon implementation of ISO 14001 on waste management in selected electronic factory, which is NEC Semiconductors (M) Sdn Bhd., which is located in Telok Panglima Garang, Selangor. Three methods were applied in this research; questionnaire for operators, management interview and field observation. This research found that the ISO 14001 is obviously has brought many positives changes on waste management aspects such as more orderly storage, inventory and labeling, good controlled of waste disposal and a reduction in waste generation. Furthermore, the organization also gained benefit in terms of company reputation and increasing staff awareness on the environment and its management. The implementation of ISO 14001 seems as very helpful for the management of waste. It become very systematic and efficient. Besides compliance to laws and regulations, the EMS gives an advantage to the company to compete locally and internationally.
  Kadaruddin Aiyub , Kadir Arifin , Azahan Awang and Jamaluddin Md. Jahi
  This study reports the environmental performance of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs), who are already certified to the ISO 14001 standard in the United Kingdom. A survey questionnaire was used and 59 SMEs responded to this study. The results show that SMEs has gained various benefits from the implementation of the standard. The ISO 14001 implementation has increased awareness among SMEs staff, improved procedure and documentation, improved management structures and upheld their image. SMEs also recorded financial savings in areas like waste recycling/reuse, energy and water consumption and legal compliance. Even though, the saving are far less than larger organizations has obtained, its shows that this standard could give more to SMEs in the longer period. Through a good environmental image and having EMS in place, SMEs have a competitive edge in the market where supply chain pressure is increasing. However, they still faced problems in terms of costs and time during the implementation processes and in maintaining the standard. These problems can be solved if they have support from the authorities, business clubs and environmental NGOs. Publicity and promotion of the benefits of ISO 14001 implementation in SMEs could encourage other SMEs to follow suit. Further incentives by the government like tax reduction and financial grants to SMEs who are certified should be considered. As financial problems still remain an obstacle for SMEs in adopting EMS, financial grants, like SCEEMAS can be useful.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Abdul Samad Hadi , Jamaluddin Md. Jahi , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Azahan Awang , A. Hadi Harman Shah , Ahmad Fariz Mohamed and Shaharuddin Idrus
  The law of private nuisance plays an important role in the occupational safety, health and environmental management. The used of the law of private nuisance to the area of the occupational safety, health and environmental management is largely in reply to the necessity of every each employee to protect his or her rights and interests on the safety health and environment at the work place. The above-mentioned protection, in a way, fit in the International Labour Organisation (ILO) Decent Work Agenda elements. Therefore, this study will examine the used of the law of private nuisance in relation to the occupational safety health and environmental management from Malaysian legal perspectives, identify actions and cases, which deal with the occupational safety, health and environment at the work place. Finally, discuss the law of private nuisance as a tool to protect employees on the safety, health and environment at the work place in Malaysia in accordance to International Labour Organisation (ILO) Decent Work Agenda.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Abdul Samad Hadi , Jamaluddin Md. Jahi , A. Hadi Harman Shah , Ahmad Fariz Mohamed , Shaharuddin Idrus , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub and Azahan Awang
  The principle of transboundary liability as one of the international law mechanisms plays an important role in human habitat and environmental protection. The used of the principle of transboundary liability in human habitat and environmental protection is largely in respond to the inevitability of every human to protect human habitat and environment from being polluted in their surrounding and habitat. Therefore, this study examines the used of the principle of transboundary liability in relation to the human habitat and environmental protection from the international legal approach by identifying actions and cases, which deal with human habitat and environmental protection. This study is also identifying, the relation between the principle of transboundary liability and Rio Declaration as a means to protect human habitat and environment.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Azrina Azlan , Jamaluddin Md. Jahi , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Azahan Awang and Z.M. Lukman
  Consumers take part in essential role in contributing to the development of the country’s economy which include urban region as the result there are many conferences, symposiums and seminars which have been organised for the purpose to enhance the awareness on their rights. Therefore, this study will discuss on how the Malaysian statutory implied terms in the sale of goods law provide protection to consumer protection on food and environmental safety focusing on urban sustainability. The core reference of this study is based on Malaysian Sale of Goods Act, 1957.
  Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Shaharuddin Ahmad , Z.M. Lukman , Azahan Awang , Azmi Aziz , Muhammad Rizal Razman and Samsu Adabi Mamat
  The management have to make sure the safety of the university’s residential colleges at the highest level. Health and safety audit should be done frequently in order to reduce risks to staffs and residents in college. The implementation of health and safety audit in college also has to take into consideration the programme aspects like seminar, campaign and training. This will ensure the safety programme in college to be more effective and comprehensive. Lastly, the safety audit can be used as a monitoring tool as well as reducing the accidents cases in the workplace.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Jamaluddin Md. Jahi , Mazlin Bin Mokhtar , Kadir Arifin , Abdul Samad Hadi , Zuliskandar Ramli , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Sharifah Zarina Syed Zakaria , Shaharuddin Idrus and Ahmad Fariz Mohamed
  Statutory implied terms in the Malaysian Sale of Goods Act, 1957 give protection to consumer in order to achieve sustainable development focusing on interest approach. The application of interest approach within the statutory implied terms in the Malaysian Sale of Goods Act, 1957, largely in response to the necessity of every each individual to protect their rights and interests in order to achieve sustainable development. Therefore, this study examines the idea of interest approach which concerns with costs and benefits within the statutory implied terms in the Malaysian Sale of Goods Act, 1957, focusing on consumer protections perspectives, identify cases and actions which deal with the environmental sustainability based on the concept of sustainable development.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Rabiatul Jannah Mohamad , Sharifah Zarina Syed Zakaria , Zurina Mahadi , Kadir Arifin and Zuliskandar Ramli
  Sustainable development is very essential to protect the environmental surroundings as well as for the better living environment for mankind. One of the international law that adopted the principle of protecting the environment is Montreal Protocol. Montreal Protocol is one of the successful international environmental laws. Montreal Protocol managed to seek international environmental cooperation among almost all of the states in the world. There are several values that supported the sustainable development has been incorporated, compromised and negotiated throughout the implementation of Montreal Protocol at the national level in Malaysia. This ideas and values towards sustainable development that have been incorporated in the implementation process assisted in successful of Montreal Protocol’s implementation in Malaysia. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study is to explain the influence of financial and technical incentives (focusing on ideas and values towards sustainable development) during the early stage of negotiations that build up the international environmental cooperation in the Montreal Protocol. Meanwhile, the methods of this study are based on qualitative set up which is based on the meetings’ proceeding reports of the Montreal Protocol. Finally, the results potentially provide with better understanding of the influence of financial and technical incentives (focusing on ideas and values towards sustainable development) in implementation the Montreal Protocol based on Malaysia experiences.
  Kadir Arifin , Shaharuddin Ahmad , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Azahan Awang , Lukman Z. Mohamad , Azmi Aziz , Samsu Adabi Mamat and Muhammad Rizal Razman
  This research studied students perception and awareness on occupational safety and health management in residential college. To achieve this objective, Ibrahim Yaakob College (KIY), University Kebangsaan Malaysia was chosen as a case study. Even though safety and health management aspects has been implemented through out the university, there are possibilities that students are exposed to certain types of accident and injuries. Therefore, it is important to carry out this study in order to ascertain to what extent the level of safety and health awareness among students at KIY. About 129 respondents were chosen among students who stayed at KIY. Pearson correlation method was employed to analyze the data. The result showed that various perceptions were given by respondents in relation to management level and occupational safety and health procedure at KIY. The study also found that there was a significant relationship between demographic factors and occupational safety and health training. Furthermore, the university should pay more attention to the aspects of safety and health management especially among residential college occupants, thus the welfare of the student can be managed properly.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Azrina Azlan , Jamaluddin Md Jahi , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Zahan Awang and Z.M. Lukman
  Agenda 21 based on parts 19.1 and 19.11 highlighted that there are thousands of chemical substances in the world market, a lot of which emerge as poison and toxin in business goods, food and the variety of environmental medium especially in urban area. This has shown that chemical substances bestow awful impact to the environment which includes urban area. Therefore, this study will classify the relevant Malaysian laws on environmental management that managed chemical substances particularly in urban area in order to achieve urban sustainability. This study also has become aware of that there is no specific law in Malaysia that governed the environmental management on chemical substances. However, there are several laws that regulate the environmental management of chemical substances in different area such as the Environmental Quality Act 1974. The Environmental Quality Act, 1974 is related to the control of chemical substances in air and hazardous wastes whilst the Food Act, 1983 controlling chemical substances in the products and goods in the food industry. As for the Occupational Safety and Health Act, 1994 is on regards chemical substances in the occupational environment and meanwhile the Pesticides Act, 1974 to control chemical substances in pesticides. Meanwhile the management of these laws is not the responsible of a single government ministry. Different government ministries may enforce the laws relevant to the operation of that ministry. Hence, the Environmental Quality Act, 1974 is the responsible of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the Occupational Safety and Health Act, 1994 is by the Ministry of Human Resources whilst the Food Act, 1983 is by the Ministry of Health and as for the Pesticides Act, 1974 under the supervision and administration of the Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry. Finally this study has concluded that Malaysia has a sufficient laws in which may adequately control chemical substances in various life cycles as to comply with international law particularly in urban area in order to achieve urban sustainability.
  Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Latifah Pawanteh and Azhar Jaludin
  An aspect of occupational safety and health that may pose various occupational risks to Faculty of Social Science and Humanity (FSSK) students and staff stems from the work environment itself. Health and safety audit is a tool that can be carried out to identify the hazard in the workplace as well as to evaluate and estimate the risk of accidents. It can directly reduce workplace accidents especially in the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanity, University Kebangsaan Malaysia. This study seeks to identify the level of safety and health in FSSK. Safety inspection or audit conducted is in accordance with criteria and indicators listed in the checklists that have been formed based on the audit forms from the Department of Safety and Health (DOSH), National Institute of Safety and Health (NIOSH) and the Occupational Safety and Health Committee of UKMs (JKKP). Each blocks in FSSK is audited using points and percentage score. Based on the overall score, the average safety score in percentage, blocks AI and AII scored 81.4%, block B scored 72.9%, block C scored 85.2%, block D scored 81.2%, block E scored 80% and block F scored 77.5%. The results of the study show that most of the blocks are in a very safe level, except for block B that is on a safe level. The audit has pointed out several technical aspects of safety that must be given attention. In conclusion, the role of employers and the administration are needed to ensure the effective and integrated management of occupational safety and health in each block.
  Sharifah Zarina Syed Zakaria , Abdul Samad Hadi , Muhammad Rizal Razman , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub and Azahan Awang
  Interest approach which concerns with costs and benefits would lead for environmental awareness that plays an important role in environmental sustainability by promoting the precautionary principle. The use of the precautionary principle to the area of environmental sustainability, largely in response to the necessity of every and each individual state to protect their rights and interests in order to safeguard the environment. Therefore, this study will examine the use of the interest approach which concerns with costs and benefits which promote the precautionary principle in relation to the environmental awareness and sustainability from the legal perspectives; identify actions which deal with the protection to the environment as well as a tool for the achievement in sustainable development.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Jamaluddin Md. Jahi , Sharifah Zarina Syed Zakaria , Abdul Samad Hadi , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub and Azahan Awang
  Environmental awareness plays important role towards sustainable development. This can be done through the application on the principle of transboundary liability. The used of the principle of transboundary liability to the area of the environmental awareness, largely in response to the need of individuals to protect their rights and interests in property in order to meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Therefore, this study will examine the used of the principle of transboundary liability in relation environmental awareness in order to achieve sustainable development from the international environmental law perspectives, identify actions and cases which deal with environmental awareness towards sustainable development and also identify the relation between the principle of transboundary liability and Rio Declaration as a means for sustainable development.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Jamaluddin Md. Jahi , Mazlin Bin Mokhtar , Kadir Arifin , Zuliskandar Ramli , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Sharifah Zarina Syed Zakaria and Azahan Awang
  The law of tort focusing on negligence plays an important role towards environmental sustainability in Malaysia. The application on the law of tort focusing on negligence within the scope of interest approach to the area of environmental sustainability is largely in reply to the necessity of individual to protect his/her interests and rights against environmental pollution and harm. Therefore, this study will examine the application on the law of tort focusing on negligence in relation to interest approach and sustainability from Malaysian legal perspectives. Identify actions and cases which deal with interest approach as a tool in order to achieve environmental sustainability.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Norsham Abdul Latip , Jamaluddin Md Jahi , Abdul Samad Hadi , Abdul Hadi Harman Shah , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Azahan Awang , Shaharudin Idrus and Ahmad Fariz Mohamed
  The law of tort on private nuisance plays an important role in urban sustainability. The used of the law of tort on private nuisance to the area of urban sustainability, largely in response to the necessity of every each individual state to protect their rights and interests in order to safeguard the environment in urban area. Therefore, this study will examine the used of the law of tort on private nuisance in relation to the urban sustainability from the legal perspectives; identify actions which deal with the protection for the mother nature and as a tool for the achievement in sustainable development in urban area.
  Mohammad Syuhaimi Ab-Rahman , Kasmiran Jumari , Shahrom Md. Zain , Afiq Hipni , Faridah Jaafar , Zurita Zaki , Mohd Jailani Mohd Nor , Ahmad Kamal Ariffin Mohd Ihsan , Muhammad Fauzi Mat Zain , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub and Azami Zaharim
  Research and ethics are two words that will always link together. A good management is required to conduct a good research and a good research is the one that is highly-ethical. This study discusses the three types of research known are basic research, applied research and action research. There are several criteria that need to be met in order to come up with a high quality research which include the scientific quality and the scope to name a few. Ethical issues commonly encountered in research and how to achieve a high-impact result with little resource by implementing MDA (Multi-dimensional Assessment) in the research are also addressed here.
  Kadir Arifin , Shaharuddin Ahmad , Jamaluddin Md. Jahi , Muhamad Rizal Razman , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Azahan Awang and Azhar Jaludin
  The study was carried out to analyze employees and students perception towards Occupational Safety and Health aspects (OSH) at the Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities (FSSK), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Selangor, Malaysia. Based on questionnaire technique, information was gathered from respondents about their knowledge, opinion, understanding, acceptance and awareness towards OSH aspects. By using purposive sampling technique, 250 respondents were chosen from the faculty staffs and students. Data was analysed by using simple statistical methods such as percentage and average. Analysed data was presented in the form of tables and graphs. The results showed that the mean students perception towards OSH was at the statisfactory level (3.75) as compared to the medium mean staffs perception (3.3). The result obviously showed that the level of awareness among the faculty staffs about the occupational safety and health is at the moderate scale. Training and policy factors are the two dominant factors that influence the level of awareness among the FSSH staffs on the occupational safety and health aspects. Out of 49 respondents attended the training program, 89.8% of them showed a high level of awareness towards OSH aspects.
  Shaharuddin Ahmad , Khaidzir Ismail , Jumali Selamat , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Azahan Awang , Mohd Fuad Mat. Jali , Z.M. Lukman and A. Khairul
  One of the important soft skills that have always been stressed by the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education for the university students to acquire during their university’s life is entrepreneurship skill. This soft skill should be an added value to students’ academic qualification once they leave university to face the real world. However, there are many factors that can be obstacles to students to acquire this soft skill such as shyness, social environment, academic stress, etc. It is therefore, this study attempts to examine to what extent factors such as shyness, social, artistic and self-esteem have influence on students’ involvement in entrepreneurship. There were 2,284 1st year students of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) have been chosen as respondents and each of them was provided with a set of questionnaire consisting of seven domains to be answered. SPSS program was used to process the data and then by the path model was employed to analyze the data. The path coefficients were computed by using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results showed that the most influential factor on students’ entrepreneurial activities was social behavior with the path coefficient of 0.35. Even though, shyness has a small negative path coefficient, i.e., -0.08, it agreed with the assumption that by reducing this students’ personality trait, it will increases the involvement of them in entrepreneurial activities. Based on the residuals (e) of the regressions and other statistical tests, it is confirmed that other unexplained variables should be considered in an attempt to find the most influential factors on students’ involvement in entrepreneurial activities.
  Jumali Selamat , Khaidzir Ismail , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Z.M. Lukman , Kadir Arifin , Roslee Rajikan , Azahan Awang , Mohd. Helmi Abd Rahim and Norfadillah Derahim
  Co-curricular or extra-curricular activities are an integral part of knowledge in supporting students’ generic skills development in order to become quality human capital. In general, the co-curricular activities in Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) in Malaysia are of similar fields. However, the institutions have their own way to assess and evaluate the students’ involvements in these activities. In relation to this, as of 2010/2011 academic session, the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) has implemented a more flexible approach whereby student are given more freedom at choosing, creating and carrying out the activities based on a learning contract which are drawn out and agreed upon by the students and supervisors prior to the implementation of the said activities. A survey was conducted in order to determine the level of knowledge and understanding among students in relation to the learning contract and their readiness to use the learning contract in their next co-curricular activities. A set of questionnaire was developed and used as a research tool for that purposes. A total of 51 respondents were selected from Training for Trainers (TOT) workshop to participate in this survey. The study found that the level of understanding (mean = 4.06-4.16) and acceptance (mean = 4.02-4.46) on co-curricular activities learning contract among students are excellent. It was also reported that 86% of the students have clear knowledge about the learning contract and its implementation for co-curricular activities. The majority of students stated that they had achieved all the learning contract principles (mean = 3.92-4.25) and learning outcomes (mean = 4.00-4.18) required. In general, this research showed positive results on the implementation of learning contract in co-curricular activities in the UKM. The new approach to implementing and assessing co-curricular activities has already been accepted by most UKM students. Nevertheless, in order to achieve the optimum results, continuous steps should be taken by the respective parties to ensure that the students are well informed about the status of the learning contract.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Jamaluddin Md. Jahi , Sharifah Zarina Syed Zakaria , Abdul Samad Hadi , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub and Azahan Awang
  The law of negligence plays an important role towards environment awareness and sustainability. The application on the law of negligence to the area of the environmental awareness and sustainability is largely in reply to the necessity of individual to protect his/her interests and rights against pollution. Therefore, this study will examine the application on the law of negligence in relation to the environmental awareness and sustainability from Malaysian legal perspectives. Identify actions and cases which deal with environmental awareness and sustainability as well as a tool in order to achieve sustainable development.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Jamaluddin Md. Jahi , Mazlin Bin Mokhtar , Kadir Arifin , Abdul Samad Hadi , Zuliskandar Ramli , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Sharifah Zarina Syed Zakaria , Shaharuddin Idrus and Ahmad Fariz Mohamed
  The interest approach within the law of tort by focusing on private nuisance plays an important role in environmental sustainability towards sustainable development. The used of interest approach within the law of tort by focusing on private to the area of environmental sustainability is largely in reply to the necessity of every each individual to protect their rights and interests in land from being polluted towards sustainable development. Therefore, this study will examine the used of the interest approach within the law of tort by focusing on private in relation to environmental sustainability in Malaysia, identify cases and actions which deal with environmental sustainability in Malaysia and lastly, discussing the interest approach within the law of tort by focusing on private nuisance as an instrument of environmental sustainability in Malaysia towards sustainable development.
 
 
 
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