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Articles by K.M.S. Islam
Total Records ( 4 ) for K.M.S. Islam
  J.A.S.M.M. Islam , M.J. Khan , K.M.S. Islam and S. Ahmed
  The study was conducted for a period of 6 months to observe the effect of replacing fish meal(FM) by sesame oil cakelSOC) on the performance of Starcross layer reared on pond. A total of 72 birds of twenty weeks of age were divided into three treatments having 3 replications in each. Diet for treatment A contains fish meal and sesame oil cake @12% with other conventional ingredients. Fish meal was replaced by SOC at the rate of 25 and 50% in the treatment B and C respectively. The results clearly indicated the comparative usefulness of SOC as replacer of FM when the cost per kg egg production was considered. All the treatments were found to be almost equally suitable for rearing of Starcross layer. So, it may be suggested to replace FM by SOC up to a level of 50% depending upon the availability and price.
  Begum N , M. J. Khan and K.M.S. Islam
  The experiment was conducted for a period of 90 days with 9 local growing male calves of 18-24 months of age and average live weight 68 kg to determine the effect of feeding complete ration with road side grass, maize (Zea mays) silage and water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) on growth, digestibility of different nutrients, total digestible nutrients and feed efficiency. The animals were randomly divided into three groups, having three bull calves in each. The calves of group A were fed 40% rice straw, 60% road side grass and concentrate mixture. The calves of group B were fed 40% rice straw, 60% maize silage and concentrate mixture and the calves of group C were fed 40% rice straw, 60% water hyacinth and concentrate mixture. The concentrate mixture contained 27% wheat bran, 40% rice polish, 55 fish meal, 2% bone meal and 1% common salt. The concentrate mixture was provided in quantities to satisfy 1/3rd of DM requirement. The animals of maize silage group B showed best P<0.01) performance in weight gain (0.152 kg/d) followed by C (0.115 kg/d) and A (0.107 kg/d). Dry matter intake per day in group A, B and C were 2.31, 2.42 and 2.29 kg respectively. The amount of feed required per kg body weight gain (P<0.01) were lower in maize silage group B (16.61) followed by C (19.92) and A (21.74). A higher trend of digestibility of nutrients were observed in maize silage feeding group (B). So, the maize silage in combination with straw and concentrate mixture can be fed to growing animals for better performances. Fresh water hyacinth leaves can also be allowed to calves in combination with straw and concentrate, without any adverse effect on growth of animals.
  K.M.S. Islam , A. Schumacher and J.M. Gropp
  Humic acids (HA), a class of compounds resulting from decomposition of organic matter, particularly plants are natural constituents of drinking water, soil and lignite. It inhibit bacterial and fungal growth, thus decrease levels of mycotoxins in feed. Stress management, immune system, anti-inflamatory activity, antiviral properties as well as prevention of intestinal diseases, mainly diarrhoea in humans and animals are described as its beneficial effect. The use of HA and related products in feed improved gut health for better nutrient utilization as well as improved the health status by working against pathogens by developing immunity. Routine use of HA in feed improved growth of broilers by increasing digestion of protein and trace element utilization but a few researches has been conducted in this area. However, also contradictory findings in piglets are described. Most of the literature found is from companies but scientific articles are rather limited. There are also strong limitations in the knowledge of HA uses as feed additive for growth of other species of animal. It is really difficult to compare the actual effects of HA preparations due to different sources and nature as well as because rearing of animal in different region of the world varies as climatic conditions and aspects. So, bio-effect of HA product depends on specification.
  K.M.S. Islam , A. Schumacher , J.M. Gropp and H.-A. Schoon
  With (25 mg kg-1 feed) or without semduramicin (coccidiostat) containing feeds were offered for 35 days to 160 (2 treatmentsX10 replicatesX8 birds/replicate) newly hatched female broiler chicks to know the effect of semduramicin on growth performance as well as carcass and sensory characteristics of meat after 5 to 8 days withdrawal of semduramicin. Diets were offered to the birds formulated based on soybean meal, corn and soybean oil. Blood parameters, enzyme profiles and health status were studied from selected birds at the end of the growth trial. Twenty birds (2 per replicate) of each feeding groups were transferred into floor pens and offered only the control diet. Five broilers from each feeding group (control and withdrawal) were slaughtered at day 5, 6, 7 and 8. Body weight (and feed conversion efficiency-FCE; g gain kg-1 feed) after 35 days feeding trial was 2,062 (665) and 2,084 (678) for the control and semduramicin group (p>0.05), respectively. Feed intake (3,018 vs 2,996 g) was also similar (p>0.05) in both groups. Blood parameters, enzyme profiles and pathological study did not give evidence for any adverse influence of semduramicin. The semduramicin group had slightly higher body weight (2,569 vs. 2,477 g; P>0.05) at slaughter after 5-8 days withdrawal. Nevertheless, there were no treatment effects (P>0.05) on hot carcass weight, viscera (g or % of bw), dressing percentage, edible portions (breast muscles, haunch), fat and skin portions. Also the sensory characteristics (juiciness, tenderness, aroma, general impression) were not influenced by the treatment. However, the aroma/flavour of carcass in the semduramicin group was improved (P< 0.05), probably due to a slightly higher intramuscularly fat content in meat (P< 0.05).
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