Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
Articles by K.M. Elamin
Total Records ( 6 ) for K.M. Elamin
  K.M. Elamin , M.A. Elkhairey , A.O. Bakhiet , H.B. Ahmed and A.M. Musa
  The experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of feeding Sweet potato on Carcass and non-carcass traits of local rabbits in Sudan. Twenty seven weaner rabbits at average weight of 400-500 g and average age of 45 days were used. Animals were randomly divided into three groups. Each group was fed a separate ration formulated either on Lucerne (Barseem) (ration A), sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) (ration B) or Clitoria ternate (ration C) for a whole month. Treatment effect was not significant (p>0.05) in all parameters. Group C (C. ternate) performed the highest values for fore leg and shoulder (50.67±7.02) while group B (I. batatas) showed the highest values for loin (118.33±9.29), ribs (59.24±0.46) and hind leg and rump (98.29±2.90). Group B (Sweet potato) recorded the highest values for all parameters as percentages, group C (C. ternate) ranked second in all parameters and the control group conversely gave the lowest values.
  K.M. Elamin , I.A. Yousif , M.K.A. Ahmed , S.A. Mohammed and A.A. Tameem Eldar
  This experiment aimed at the estimation of the genetic parameters for morphometric traits of the Sudanese Local rabbits. Traits studied were: Body Weight (BWT), Ear Length (EL), Fore Limb (FL), Hind Limb (HL), Body Length (BL), height at wither (HTW), Nose to Shoulder (NS), Thigh Girth (TG), Tail Length (TL), abdominal circumference (ABC) and Heart Girth (HG). Data on 74 full pedigreed rabbits at 3 and 5 month of age were used to estimate the heritabilities, genetic, phenotypic and environmental correlation coefficients for these morphometric traits. Heritabilities and various correlation coefficients at 3 month were inestimable for EL. Heritabilties were estimated from sire component of variances. Heritabilities for other traits at this age were moderate to high (0.211-0.570) except for HG (0.130). The genetic correlations among traits studied were generally positive and high. On the other hand, heritability estimates at 5 month of age for all the traits studied were moderate to high (0.223-0.521). The genetic correlation coefficients at 5 month of age of heart girth with all traits studied except ear length (non estimable) and body length (moderate) were high. Whereas, the estimations of the genetic correlation coefficients for body weight with ear length, height at wither, nose to shoulder and tail length was low and negative. It is concluded that linear trait can be used, as alternative guide for body weight, in selection programs aiming at local rabbit improvement.
  K.M. Elamin , H.E. Hassan , H.O. Abdalla , O.H. Arabi and A.A. Tameem Eldar
  Sudan is a vast country that is well known of its large animal population. Roselle is one of the important oil crops usually grown in Sudan for plant oil manufacturing. This experiment was conducted to investigate and evaluate Roselle seed as a ruminants feed through the effects on carcass characteristics of Sudan desert sheep. Crushed Roselle Seeds (CRS) meal was used at three levels (0, 15 and 25%). Roselle seeds were incorporated in three isocaloric, isonitrogenous diets (A, B and C, respectively). Thirty-six male lambs of Sudan desert sheep, Hamari ecotype, were selected according to their age (4-5 months) and their average body weight (21.8 kg). The lambs were randomly assigned to three treatments (12 animals each), then animals in each treatment were subdivided into three groups each of four animals (replicates) the trial extended for two months. The study showed a significant difference (p>0.05) among the treatment groups for slaughter weight (highest 38.17, lowest 37.59), empty body weight (highest 23.90, lowest 22.75), dressing percentage on live body weight (highest 52.70, lowest 49.68), dressing percentage on empty body weight (highest 62.25, lowest 60.51), hot carcass weight (highest 20.66, lowest 18.27), cold carcass weight (highest 20.31, lowest 18.23), carcass wholesale cuts, meat quality attributes, carcass physical composition and carcass chemical composition. On other hand slaughter by-products showed no significant differences (p<0.05) among treatment groups except liver, mesenteric fat, rumen (empty), reticulum (empty) which showed significant difference (p>0.05) among the treatments groups. Feeding of 25% crushed Roselle seed meal seems to enhance carcass characteristics and gave satisfactory results.
  K.M. Elamin , A.A. Tameem Eldar , A.E. Amin , F.S. Abdalla and H.E. Hassan
  Goat (Capra hircus) as small ruminants is reared in Sudan for its milk, meat, skin and wool. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different levels of energy/protein on apparent digestibility coefficients and nitrogen balance of different Sudan goat ecotypes (Nubian, Desert and Swiss Nubian). Nine male goat kids (2-3 months and average weight 9.23 kg) of either ecotypes were used in a 3x3x3 arrangement, fed three experimental diets A (control), B and C, with varying energy: protein 1:0.14, 0.16 and 0.18, respectively. Animals were housed in metabolism cages and diets were fed for a 3 day adjustment period followed by a 4 day collection period. Feed, feed refusal and feces were taken daily to measure digestibility. Urine was collected daily and measured in mL and preserved with sulfuric acid. Then urinary nitrogen was analyzed. The study showed a significant difference (p<0.05) between species only for Ether Extract (EE), Nubian kids recorded best digestibility of Digestible Dry Mater (DDM), Digestible Organic Mater (DOM), Digestible Crude Protein (DCP), Digestible Ether Extract (DEE) and Digestible Nitrogen Free extract (DNF) Effect of ration was significant (p<0.05) for DDM, DOM, DEE and DNFE. The highest values of apparent digestibility coefficient of Dry Mater (DM), Organic Matter (OM), Ether Extract (EE) and Nitrogen Free Extract (NFE) were observed in ration B and C. Nitrogen balance was not significantly varied for treatment. Animal species were in positive N balance for all three experimental diets. Nitrogen retention and nitrogen retention percentage was highest in ration B and C. The digestibility of nutrients of experimental diets indicated that the digestibility increased significantly (p<0.05) with increasing energy: protein in the test diets. Therefore, increasing energy protein levels gave better results, with overall higher nitrogen retention in Nubian goats than the other two ecotypes which were similar. It is likely that Nubian goats are well adapted to be raised under intensive condition due to their efficient utilization of nutrients.
  E.H. Hassan , K.M. Elamin , Y.H. Elhashmi , H.O. Abdalla , A.A. Tameem Eldar and O.H. Arabi
  This experiment was conducted to assess the effects of incorporating roselle seed in ruminants feed. Crushed Roselle Seeds (CRS) meal was used at three levels (0, 15 and 25%), in three isocaloric, isonitrogenous diets (A, B and C, respectively). Thirty-six male lambs of Sudan desert sheep (Hamarri ecotype) were selected at average age of 4-5 months and average body weight of 21.8 kg. The lambs were randomly assigned to three treatments (12 animals each), each treatment was further subdivided into three groups of four animals (replicates). The lambs were fed on the experimental rations for 70 days. The study showed significant differences (p<0.05) among the different treatments for Average Final Body Weight Gain (AFBG), Average Total Weight Gain (ATG), Average Daily Feed Intake (ADFI) as percentage of live body weight, Feed Conversion Rate (FCR) and cost of 1 kg dry matter intake wihle there were no significant differences (p>0.05) among the different treatments for Average Initial Body Weight (AIW), average daily feed intake and Average Daily Weight Gain (ADG). According to the results, roselle seed meal had no adverse effects on ruminant’s performance; it maybe used up to 25% in lambs feeding with satisfactory results. In addition, roselle seed meal could be used as a source of protein for growing lambs and fattening of sheep instead of other oil seeds cakes during the dry seasons and the lack of other protein source.
  B.D. Binda , I.A. Yousif , K.M. Elamin and H.E. Eltayeb
  The present study was conducted to compare the performance of exotic meat strains (Hybro and Hubbard) and native chicken ecotypes (Bare- neck, Large Beladi and Betwil) under hot climate of the Sudan. A total of 505 one day old chicks were reared together using a Completely Randomized Design with 9 replicates for each genotype. Traits studied up to 8 weeks of age were body weight, feed intake, live weight gain, feed conversion ratio and mortality. Results revealed that there were significant differences (p<0.01) for body weight at various ages among the different genotypes. Body weights for the exotic strains at hatch, 4 and 8 weeks were in the range of 37.85±2.23 - 39.76±3.77, 497.37±101.50 - 516.25±107.95 g and 1230.46±258.06 - 1269.63±242.16 g respectively, whereas the corresponding results for the local ecotypes were 24.68±2.60 - 27.83±4.24, 109.28±25.77 - 141.53±33.75 g and 271.90±25.18 - 341.73±63.77 g. Average live weight gain during the first 4 weeks of age (starter stage) was significantly lower than that during the second 4 weeks (finisher stage) for both exotic strains and native ecotypes. Hybro strain exhibited the highest total live weight gain (1231.78 g.) whereas Large Baladi ecotype was the lowest (247.22). Feed intake and feed conversion ratio showed significant differences (p<0.01) between the exotic strains and the local ecotypes with the former consumed amount of feed three times that consumed by the latter and had better feed efficiency. Although the overall mortality and mortality during the first 4 weeks of age were higher among the local ecotypes than those of the exotics, the reverse was true during the second 4 weeks of age. It can be concluded that the performance of the exotic strains was substantially higher than that of the local chicken ecotypes. This can be attributed to the unimproved genetic potentials of the local chicken ecotypes. On the other hand, the performance of the exotic strains was also lower than that which can be expected under optimum environmental conditions. This may be due to the effect of high ambient temperature.
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility