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Articles by K.J. Ekpo
Total Records ( 3 ) for K.J. Ekpo
  K.J. Ekpo , O.E. Oke , G.E. Osseyi , J. Dossou and C.A.A.M. Chrysostome

Background and Objective: Despite the health benefits associated with the consumption of meat and eggs of quails, the management of the birds is still in rudimentary state in Benin. The aim of this study was to characterize quail production in Benin. Materials and Methods: A survey was conducted on thirty quail farmers through an interview supported by a structured questionnaire using the snowball method. The multiple correspondence factor analysis (MCFA) and ascending hierarchical classification (AHC) methods were used for statistical analysis. Results: The results showed that quails were raised for profitability, prestige and medicinal uses of their eggs. Quail farmers were predominantly male (93.3%) and the birds were reared in urban and peri-urban areas. Three types of quail production were identified as types I, II and III, with average flock sizes of 1288.3±955.02, 947.4±537.55 and 13171±6931.6, respectively. The majority of type I and III farmers were educated (100 and 80%, respectively) and trained in quail production (88.89 and 80.00%, respectively) unlike type II (educated: 11.76% and trained: 17.65%). Conclusion: There are on-going efforts to improve the productivity of quails in Benin Republic. Formal training is needed and more women should be encouraged to participate.

  A.D. Akakpo , K.J. Ekpo , K.M. Aziato and E.G. Osseyi

Background and Objective: Safety is an important issue in international food trade. In Lomé (Togo) chicken meat is imported without effective control, moreover, its traditionally processed smoked chicken meat is contaminated by some chemical compounds. This study aimed to estimate some of these chemical compounds in smoked chicken meat retailed to consumers in Lomé. Materials and Methods: A total of 32 samples were obtained from the main open markets of Lomé and the quantification of Antibiotics Residues (ARs) was performed using a multi-class multi-residue of veterinary drugs and LC-MS/MS method while the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) analysis was carried out using a quick GC/MS method. The heavy metals were assessed using Atomic Absorption and the total phenols content were determined using spectrophotometer. The description of the data was made using Xlstat Version 2016.02.27444. Results: The study revealed four ARs in smoked chicken meat and ciprofloxacin was the most prevalent in the samples (100%) however their contents were within maximum residues limit (MRL). Regarding PAHs, the MRL in smoked meat products (2.92±1.67 μk kg1) exceeded in about 56% of samples. Lead was present in all samples and their contents were (0.15±0.17 mg kg1) far beyond MRL. Cadmium was found in 56.25% of samples and their contents (0.007±0.002 mg kg1) were within MRL and total phenols ranged from 1.24-6.06 mg kg1. Conclusion: Consumption of traditionally smoked chicken meat sold in Lomé is not safe with respect to heavy metals and PAHs in particular and poses a potential health risk to the local consumers.

  J. Glago , C.K.C. Tchekessi , K.J. Ekpo , C.C. Kpomassè , N.W. Chabi , A.K. Tete-Benissan , F.M. Houndonougbo , K. Tona and C.A.A.M. Chrysostome
  Background and Objective: The use of antibiotic in livestock production has led to the emergence of new strains of pathogenic bacteria resistant to antibiotics. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of feed containing Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus fermentum, Lactobacillus acidophilus and Enterococcus faecium obtained from fermented Tchoukoutou on the performances of local guinea fowl and the exotic guinea fowl (Numida meleagris). Materials and Methods: The birds were assigned to 3 experimental treatments, namely R1 group received a diet containing 3% fermented Tchoukoutou, R2 group fed basal diets and R3 group fed basal diet with an antibiotic (Alfaceryl). A total of 375 guinea-fowl of the local strain and the exotic strain was allotted to each group at the pre-experimental phase were allotted to each group which lasted for one week. Results: The results showed that supplementation of probiotic bacteria improved the production performance of local guinea fowl especially at the starter phase whereas the production performance of the exotic birds were not affected. Conclusion: It was concluded that the feed containing probiotic bacteria obtained from the fermented Tchoukoutou had a beneficial effect on the growth performance of local guinea fowl.
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