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Articles by K. Voemesse
Total Records ( 3 ) for K. Voemesse
  K. Voemesse , A. Teteh , D. Nideou , O. N`nanle , M. Gbeassor , E. Decuypere and K. Tona
  Background and Objective: Medicinal plants are currently used as alternative to antibiotics growth promoters. However, their positive effect on livestock growth performance, particularly on poultry, depends on the rearing conditions and the birds’ lines. This study investigated the effect of different levels of Moringa oleifera leave meal (MOLM) on performance and serum biochemical parameters of egg-type chicken from one day old to 8 weeks of age. Methodology: A total of 450 days old chicken were randomly assigned to three treatment groups (M0, M1 and M3), 150 birds per treatment group and were respectively fed with diets containing 0, 1 and 3% of Moringa leaf. During experimental period, feed intake, body weight and feed conversion ratio were recorded weekly. At 5 weeks of age, 12 birds per group were slaughtered to collect blood, gizzard, pancreas, heart and liver. Blood serum concentrations in total protein, albumin, uric acid, calcium, magnesium and iron were also determined. Results: Results showed similarity between feed intake, liver relative weight while significant differences (p<0.05) between treated groups and the control one were observed on body weight, daily weight gain, feed conversion ratio and gizzard relative weight. In addition, total protein, albumin, calcium, magnesium and iron levels were significantly increased (p<0.05) in chickens fed MOLM as compared to control. The results also indicate that chickens of control diet group had higher blood uric acid level (p<0.05). However, no significant difference in phosphorus concentration was found between groups. Conclusion: During juvenile growth, MOLM did not affect feed intake, liver relative weight and phosphorus level. The leaves affect body weight, daily weight gain, feed conversion ratio and gizzard relative weight. Significantly differences were observed on total protein, albumin, calcium, iron and magnesium levels.
  O. Ngueda Djeuta , K. Voemesse , A. Teteh , M. Gbeassor , E. Decuypere and K. Tona
  Background and Objective: The scarcity and seasonal fluctuation of conventional feedstuff srequire alternative sources in order to ensure optimum performance of poultry birds. This study investigated the effect of Manihot esculenta leaf meal (MELM) on blood parameters and productive performance of laying hens from 50-62 weeks of age. Materials and Methods: A total of two hundred Is a Brown layers of 50 weeks of age were assigned to 4 dietary treatments with 5 replicates of 10 birds each. Treatment diets were: 0% MELM (ME0), 2.5% MELM (ME2.5), 5% MELM (ME5%) and 7.5% MELM (ME7.5). During the experimental period, feed intake, egg production, feed conversion ratio as well as egg quality parameters were recorded weekly. The blood samples were collected from 16 birds (4/replicate) at 61th weeks of age for the determination of total protein, albumin and uric acid. Results: Results showed that feed intake (FI) and egg production were higher (p<0.05) in the birds of ME5 and ME7.5 than those of the other treatment. The birds in ME5 and ME7.5 also had the lowest (p<0.05) feed conversion ratio (FCR). Total proteins and albumin were significantly higher (p<0.05) in birds fed 5 and 7.5 % of MELM while layers in ME 7.5 group had the highest (p<0.05) uric acid concentration. Most external and internal egg quality parameters were not significantly affected except for yolk color score which was improved with increased levels of MELM. Conclusion: In conclusion, Manihot esculenta leaf meal (MELM) can be used up to 7.5% as feed ingredients in laying hens to improve performance.
  C.C. Kpomasse , B. Sodjinou , K. Voemesse , F.M. Houndonougbo and K. TONA

Objective: This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of two diets varying in energy and protein (one energy-high-protein-low and one energy-low-protein-high) on performances of Sasso broilers under tropics when offered sequentially. Materials and Methods: A total of 525 Sasso broiler chickens of 3 week of age were assigned into 3 treatments with 5 replicates of 35 birds each. The treatments were: broiler chicken fed (1) Basal diet (A group: control), (2) High energy and low protein diet (E+P diet) in morning and low energy and high protein diet (EP+ diet) in the afternoon (B group) and (3) EP+ diet in morning and E+P diet in the afternoon (C group). At 11 week of age, 30 chickens per treatment were slaughtered to collect blood, abdominal fat, gizzard, liver, heart, kidney, carcass, thigh, breast and intestine. Ultimate pH (pHu) and blood serum concentrations in glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, total protein, urea and creatinine were also assessed. Results: Results indicated that feed intake, water intake, body weight, body weight gain, mortality, feed conversion ratio and pHu were similar among treatment groups. However, intestinal length and carcass yield of chickens fed sequentially (B and C) were significantly higher (p<0.05) and their serum creatinine concentration was significantly lower (p<0.05)than those of control group. Abdominal fat, liver weight and serum triglycerides of chickens of B group were significantly lower (p<0.05) than those of A and C group. Conclusion: It was concluded that sequential feeding improved intestinal length, carcass yield weights and serum creatinine and triglycerides of Sasso chickens.

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