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Articles by K. Tanabe
Total Records ( 2 ) for K. Tanabe
  T Kondo , Y Hashimoto , H Kobayashi , J Iizuka , T Nishikawa , M Nakano and K. Tanabe
  Objectives

We retrospectively analyzed our patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who underwent presurgical targeted therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors to clarify the safety and clinical benefit. The histopathological effect of this treatment was also examined.

Methods

Between July 2005 and February 2010, nine patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma who were treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors before surgery were the subjects of this study. Consolidative surgery was considered when these tumors showed clinical response or stable disease while on targeted therapy without evidence of disease progression at other sites.

Results

The agents used were sorafenib in seven patients and sunitinib in two. The median duration of presurgical therapy was 12.2 weeks, and seven patients had less than 4 months of treatment. Tumor reduction at 10–30% was obtained in all patients but one. Perioperative complications were observed in five of nine patients. Major complications occurred in two patients, including intraoperative excessive bleeding and delayed localized intraperitoneal abscess. Minor complications were found in three. The characteristics of the histopathological effect of tyrosine kinase inhibitors consisted of marked atrophy of the capillary sinus, confirming the pharmacological mechanisms of these agents. Other findings included nuclear pyknosis and degeneration of tumor cells.

Conclusions

Presurgical targeted therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors appears to be feasible in most patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma. However, the indications, the clinical benefit and the standard protocol still remain to be determined. Therapeutic effects in the histology were compatible to their pharmacological effects.

  H. Sugawara , K. Nishimura , S. Kobayashi , H. Ishida , K. Tanabe and J. Ishigooka
  Paradoxical depression occurs despite a completely successful transplantation without tissue rejection or other medical complications. In this study, the occurrence of paradoxical depression was retrospectively investigated among 1139 Japanese successful renal transplant recipients January 1997 through September 2006. Among the 1139 recipients, 103 visited the Department of Psychiatry after renal transplantation, including 40 with depressive symptoms and 15 with a physical problem considered to have nonparadoxical depression. The other 25 recipients were considered to have paradoxical depression; that is, more than half of the 40 recipients with depressive symptoms had paradoxical depression. There were no significant differences in the clinical characteristics, including average age at the time of renal transplantation, rate of living-donor transplantation, rate of ABO incompatibility, method of dialysis (hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis), duration of dialysis, and time interval between the renal transplantation and the initial visit to the Department of Psychiatry among the 2 groups. These results suggested that there was another risk factor or interactions between factors. Of the 25 recipients, 6 had relationship problems, 6 had social-rehabilitation problems, and 13 had mentioned no clear psychological problems. These psychological factors might in fact be related to the loss of an imagined past. Additional consecutive prospective studies are needed—a challenging prospect for consultation liaison psychiatrists in the field of transplantation.
 
 
 
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