Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
 
Articles by K. Muthukumarappan
Total Records ( 4 ) for K. Muthukumarappan
  A. C. Biswas , K. Muthukumarappan and L. E. Metzger
  The main aim of this study was to investigate the influence of two different levels (high and low) of Ca and P (calcium and phosphorous) content, residual lactose, and salt-to-moisture (S/M) ratio on viscoelastic properties of eight different process cheeses. Frequency sweep was performed at 750 Pa on all experimental process cheese samples to determine the power-law model parameters. Process cheeses with high Ca and P content and high S/M ratio were significantly harder (P < 0.05) (higher storage and loss modulus, and lower creep and recovery compliance) compared to low Ca and P content and low S/M ratio process cheeses. However, no significant difference was observed (P > 0.05) for power-law parameters between high/low residual lactose content process cheese samples. Six-element Kelvin-Voigt model was used to predict the creep compliances for eight different process cheeses. This model described the affect of above treatment`s retardation spectra (compliances, viscosities, and retardation times) obtained from creep tests. Both of these measurements indicated the similar trend on linear viscoelastic properties for eight different process cheeses.
  N. Chevanan and K. Muthukumarappan
  The viscoelastic properties of eight different types of Cheddar cheeses prepared with two levels of calcium (Ca) and Phosphorus (P) content, two levels of residual lactose content and two levels of salt to moisture ratio (S/M) ratio were studied in a STRESSTECH viscoanalyzer. The elastic (G`) and viscous (G``) modulus were measured at 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, and 8 months of ripening during heating the cheese samples from 30 to 70°C. Low levels of Ca and P content (0.53 g Ca and 0.39 g P /100 g cheese) in the Cheddar cheese resulted up to 20.9% and 15.9% lower elastic and viscous modulus respectively, compared to Cheddar cheese prepared with high levels of Ca and P content (0.67 g Ca and 0.53 g P/100g cheese) during ripening up to 8 months. Low levels of residual lactose (0.78 g/100g) in the Cheddar cheese resulted in 39.1 and 78.1% lower elastic and viscous modulus, respectively, compared to Cheddar cheese with high levels of residual lactose (1.4 g/100g) during ripening up to 8 months. In the same way, low levels of S/M ratio (4.8) in the Cheddar cheese resulted in 40.7 and 40.5% lower elastic and viscous modulus, respectively, compared to high levels of S/M ratio (6.4) during ripening up to 8 months. Upon heating from 30 to 70°C, the elastic and viscous modulus of the eight different types of Cheddar cheeses reduced up to 91.7 and 95.1%, respectively, during ripening. Cheddar cheese recorded maximum elastic modulus at the end of 8 months of ripening, and maximum viscous modulus at the end of 4 months of ripening.
  B. K. Tiwari , K. Muthukumarappan , C. P. O`Donnell and P. J. Cullen
  The influence of high intensity ultrasound on the rheological characteristics of guar, xanthan, and pectin dispersions was investigated. Guar 1%, xanthan 1% and pectin 2% (w/v) dispersions were sonicated at varying intensity levels of 3.7, 6.3, 8.1, and 10.1 W/cm2 for 5 min at 25°C. Significant differences were observed in the rheological characteristics of each sonicated hydrocolloid dispersion studied. Sonication affected the consistency index (k), flow behaviour index (n) and complex power law constants (a and b). No recovery was observed in the structure breakdown after a 24-h storage period. Changes in the rheological properties of guar and pectin dispersions were significantly higher than that of xanthan dispersions.
  S. Kannadhason and K. Muthukumarappan
  Various levels of DDGS (20, 40, and 60% wb) were blended with starch sources (cassava, corn, and potato), and other ingredients to produce an iso-nitrogenous feed (28% protein) at varied moisture contents (15, 20, and 25% wb). The feed blends were extruded in a single-screw extruder at a preset screw speed of 130 rpm (13.6 rad/s) with three temperatures profiles 90-100-100°C, 90-120-120°C, and 90-140-140°C. The effect of these variables on processing conditions (extruder torque and die pressure) and other extrudate properties (expansion ratio (ER), unit density (UD), color (L*, a*, and b*), sinking velocity (SV), water absorption, water solubility, and pellet durability indices (PDI)) were analyzed. For all the three starch extrudates, changing the levels of DDGS, feed moisture content, and extruder barrel temperature had a significant effect on SV, PDI, a*, and b* values at α = 0.05.
 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility