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Articles by K. Mohammad
Total Records ( 2 ) for K. Mohammad
  A. Esteghamati , H. Ashraf , O. Khalilzadeh , A. Rshidi , K. Mohammad , F. Asgari and M. Abbasi
  Aims The prevalence of diabetes is increasing dramatically worldwide. Less is known about whether this trend is similar among obese and lean individuals. Methods We analysed the data sets of three cross-sectional national surveys in adults aged 25–64 years: the National Health Survey-1999 (n = 21 576), and the national Surveys of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases (SuRFNCD)-2005 (n = 70 981) and SuRFNCD-2007 (n = 4233). Diagnosed diabetes was ascertained, and height and weight were measured in all surveys. In SuRFNCD-2005 and SuRFNCD-2007, fasting plasma glucose was used to identify subjects with newly diagnosed diabetes (≥ 7 mmol/l) and impaired fasting glucose (5.6 -6.9 mmol/l) among individuals not reporting diabetes. Results The prevalence of diagnosed diabetes (after adjustment for age, sex and residential area) was 2.5, 4.0 and 4.6% in 1999, 2005 and 2007, respectively. The total prevalence of diabetes increased from 7.7% in 2005 to 8.7% in 2007, about half of which was attributed to newly diagnosed disease (in both surveys). The prevalence of diabetes increased in all categories of obesity, with the most evident trend being among subjects with body mass index < 25 kg/m2. Conclusions The prevalence of diabetes among Iranian adults has increased more than 1.8-fold in a period of only 8 years since 1999. This is the first report from Iran, and urgent measures need to be taken in order to prevent the progression and worsening of the problem and emergence of its undesired consequences.
  H. Sadeghi-Bazargani , K. Mohammad , S. Arshi , S.R. Majdzadeh and S. Mohammadi
  Several software packages for sample size determination have been designed and presented up to now but nearly all of them need a user with a good knowledge about biostatistics and statistical tests. The aim of this research is to evaluate the primary version of a new software compared to some other available sample size software packages. Visual basic 6 was the language for programming. Algorithm used for designing sample size calculation is taken mainly from WHO recommendations in WHO different publications. For primary evaluation purpose, 23 academic staff of Ardabil University of Medical Sciences and Public Health School of Tehran University of Medical Sciences were selected and presented the different capabilities of software and then, designed questionnaire for evaluation of it was filled by them.
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