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Articles by K. Y Kim
Total Records ( 2 ) for K. Y Kim
  M. B Detweiler , P. F Murphy , K. Y Kim , L. C Myers and A. Ashai

Little has been reported about the relationship of a dementia wander garden with scheduled psychiatric medications in addition to changes in fall number and severity. The 28 participating residents of a dementia unit were divided into high (HUG) and low (LUG) wander garden user groups and assessed for the number and severity of falls. The type and dose of scheduled psychiatric medications were monitored for 12 months before and 12 months after the wander garden was opened. Results indicated that the residents experienced about a 30% decrease for the raw number of falls and fall severity scores. The HUG had a significant reduction in high-dose antipsychotics, whereas there was relatively no change in antidepressant, hypnotic, and anxiolytic use. High wander garden user group required fewer scheduled medications and experienced reduced falls and lower fall morbidity than the LUG. The most significant changes in scheduled psychiatric medications were reductions in scheduled antipsychotics and an increase in residents requiring no antipsychotics.

  J. Y Um , C. H Jang , K. Y Kim , S. J Kim , N. H Kim , P. D Moon , I. Y Choi , N. Y Myung , H. J Jeong , S. H Hong and H. M. Kim

Auditory dysfunction is related to large/small vessel occlusions and hemorrhage. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) frequently occurs with anterior inferior cerebellar artery occlusion proximal to the internal auditory artery. Moreover, SSNHL has various pathogenetic mechanisms, the main proposed mechanisms being vascular disease, membrane ruptures, infection, and autoimmunity. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is an important cytokine in the inflammation process of cerebrovascular diseases. In the current study, the possible effects of polymorphisms in TNF- and TNF-β genes on SSNHL are evaluated. Two genetic polymorphisms in the TNF locus (TNF- —308 G - ->A and TNF-β +252 A - ->G) were investigated as risk factors for SSNHL by determining their prevalence in 97 SSNHL patients and in 587 controls. A significant increase was found for the TNF-β allele 1 in SSNHL patients compared with the controls ( 2 = 7.251, P = .007, odds ratio [OR] = 1.534, confidence interval [CI] = 1.12-2.10). These findings suggest that the TNF-β +252 locus plays an important role in the etiopathogenesis of SSNHL.

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