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Articles by K. W Lee
Total Records ( 4 ) for K. W Lee
  K. M Lee , K. W Lee , S Byun , S. K Jung , S. K Seo , Y. S Heo , A. M Bode , H. J Lee and Z. Dong
 

Nontoxic small molecules with multitargeting effects are believed to have potential in cancer prevention. Dietary phytochemicals were shown to exhibit cancer-preventive effects attributed to their antioxidant capacities. In this report, we show that the natural compound 5-deoxykaempferol (5-DK) exerts a chemopreventive effect on UVB-induced skin carcinogenesis by targeting multiple signaling molecules. 5-DK suppressed the UVB-induced expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor in mouse skin epidermal JB6 P+ cells. Moreover, 5-DK inhibited phosphorylation of MKK3/6, MKK4, and Akt, but had no effect on phosphorylation of Src, extracellular signal–regulated kinases, or ribosomal S6 kinase (RSK). However, 5-DK affected multiple targets by reducing Src, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), and RSK2 activities. In particular, pull-down assays revealed that 5-DK specifically bound to and competed with ATP for binding with Src, PI3K, and RSK2. Exposure to 5-DK significantly suppressed UVB-induced tumorigenesis in mouse skin in a dose-dependent manner, and it inhibited the UVB-induced expression of COX-2, proliferating cell nuclear antigen, vascular endothelial growth factor, and matrix metalloproteinase-9. Our data suggest that 5-DK docks at the ATP-binding site of Src, PI3K, and RSK2. For RSK2, the ATP-binding site is located between the N- and C-lobes of the kinase domain. Taken together, our results indicate that 5-DK holds promise for the treatment of UVB-induced skin cancer by targeting Src, PI3K, and RSK2 signaling. Cancer Prev Res; 3(4); 454–65. ©2010 AACR.

  J. Y Kwon , K. W Lee , J. E Kim , S. K Jung , N. J Kang , M. K Hwang , Y. S Heo , A. M Bode , Z Dong and H. J. Lee
 

Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), a key mediator of inflammation, and its product, prostaglandin E2 (PGE2), enhance carcinogenesis, particularly in skin. Ultraviolet (UV) B is the most carcinogenic component of solar irradiation, and a crucial role of COX-2 in UVB-mediated skin carcinogenesis has been reported. Here, we investigated the effects of delphinidin, an abundant dietary anthocyanin, on UVB-induced COX-2 upregulation and the underlying molecular mechanism. We found that delphinidin suppressed UVB-induced COX-2 expression in JB6 P+ mouse epidermal cells. COX-2 promoter activity and PGE2 production were also suppressed by delphinidin treatment within non-cytotoxic concentrations. Activator protein-1 and nuclear factor-B, crucial transcription factors involved in COX-2 expression, were activated by UVB and delphinidin abolished this activation. UVB-induced phosphorylation of c-Jun N-terminal kinase, p38 kinase and Akt was inhibited by delphinidin. The activities of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MAPKK) 4 and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI-3K) were inhibited markedly by delphinidin. A pull-down assay using delphinidin–Sepharose beads revealed that delphinidin binds directly with MAPKK4 or PI-3K in a manner that was competitive with adenosine triphosphate. Moreover, in vivo investigations using mouse skin revealed that the upregulation of COX-2 expression, MAPKK4 activity and PI-3K activity induced by UVB was abolished with delphinidin treatment. Collectively, our results demonstrated that delphinidin targets MAPKK4 and PI-3K directly to suppress COX-2 overexpression, suggesting a potential protective role for delphinidin against UVB-mediated skin carcinogenesis.

  S. K Jung , K. W Lee , S Byun , E. J Lee , J. E Kim , A. M Bode , Z Dong and H. J. Lee
 

Myricetin is one of the principal phytochemicals in onions, berries and red wine. Previous studies showed that myricetin exhibits potent anticancer and chemopreventive effects. The present study examined the effect of myricetin on ultraviolet (UV) B-induced angiogenesis in an SKH-1 hairless mouse skin tumorigenesis model. Topical treatment with myricetin inhibited repetitive UVB-induced neovascularization in SKH-1 hairless mouse skin. The induction of vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and MMP-13 expression by chronic UVB irradiation was significantly suppressed by myricetin treatment. Immunohistochemical and western blot analyses revealed that myricetin inhibited UVB-induced hypoxia inducible factor-1 expression in mouse skin. Western blot analysis and kinase assay data revealed that myricetin suppressed UVB-induced phosphatidylinositol-3 (PI-3) kinase activity and subsequently attenuated the UVB-induced phosphorylation of Akt/p70S6K in mouse skin lysates. A pull-down assay revealed the direct binding of PI-3 kinase and myricetin in mouse skin lysates. Our results indicate that myricetin suppresses UVB-induced angiogenesis by regulating PI-3 kinase activity in vivo in mouse skin.

  K. M Lee , D. E Lee , S. K Seo , M. K Hwang , Y. S Heo , K. W Lee and H. J. Lee
 

Kaempferol (KF), which is a natural dietary flavonoid, has potential beneficial effects as a chemopreventive agent for critical health conditions, such as cancer. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the activity of KF remain unknown. We report on the inhibition of neoplastic cell transformation by KF through the suppression of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) activity. Epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced neoplastic transformation of mouse epidermal JB6 P+ cells was inhibited by 40 µM KF. The activation of activator protein-1 and nuclear factor-B induced by EGF was also attenuated by KF. The EGF-induced phosphorylation of Akt (protein kinase B) was completely suppressed by KF, although extracellular signal-regulated kinase, p38, c-Jun N-terminal kinase and p90 ribosomal S6 kinase were unaffected by KF. Kinase assay data revealed that KF bound directly to PI3K, which is upstream of Akt, and suppressed its activity. Furthermore, KF inhibited ultraviolet B (UVB)-induced PI3K activity and attenuated UVB-induced phosphorylation of Akt. Our results suggest that KF docks at the adenosine triphosphate-binding site of PI3K, which is located between the N-lobe and C-lobe of the kinase domain. Inhibition by KF of PI3K, which is an important factor in carcinogenesis, and its downstream effects may explain the chemopreventive action of KF.

 
 
 
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