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Articles by K Yoneda
Total Records ( 2 ) for K Yoneda
  J Igarashi , K Shoji , T Hashimoto , T Moriue , K Yoneda , T Takamura , T Yamashita , Y Kubota and H. Kosaka
 

In vascular endothelial cells, specialized microdomains of plasma membrane termed caveolae modulate various receptor signal transduction pathways regulated by caveolin-1, a resident protein of caveolae. We examined whether transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), a multifunctional cytokine, alters expression levels of caveolin-1 and influences heterologous receptor signaling. Treatment of cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) with TGF-β1 induces marked decreases in caveolin-1 expression in a time- and dose-dependent fashion at both levels of protein and mRNA. A pharmacological inhibitor of activin receptor-like kinase 5 (ALK-5) counteracts caveolin-1 downregulation by TGF-β1, indicating the involvement of ALK-5 receptor subtype for TGF-β1. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a serum-borne angiogenic lipid growth factor that exerts a wide variety of biological actions. S1P modulates G protein-coupled S1P receptors, activating downstream molecules kinases AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and Akt as well as a small G protein Rac1, ultimately to promote migration. Because S1P receptor signaling is associated with caveolae/caveolin-1, we examined whether pretreatment with TGF-β1 enhances effects of S1P on BAEC. Whereas S1P alone evokes robust BAEC responses to S1P, pretreatment with TGF-β1 leads to even higher magnitudes of S1P-elicited signaling responses and cell migration. Conversely, genetic knockdown of caveolin-1 using small interfering RNA mimics TGF-β1-induced promotion of BAEC responses to S1P. Collectively, these data demonstrate that TGF-β1 downregulates caveolin-1 of cultured endothelial cells, involving ALK-5 receptor subtype. Because downregulation of caveolin-1 by TGF-β1 promotes subsequent heterologous receptor signaling by S1P, these results may also identify novel point of cross-talk between cytokines and sphingolipids within endothelial signal transduction machineries.

  Y Okumura , F Tanaka , K Yoneda , M Hashimoto , T Takuwa , N Kondo and S. Hasegawa
  Background

Circulating tumor cells in peripheral blood (CTC) is a potential surrogate of distant metastasis, which is the critical factor influencing decision making regarding therapy and prognosis of primary lung cancer patients. After our preliminary study showing that CTCs were detected in peripheral blood in 29.4% of resectable lung cancer patients, we conducted a prospective study on CTC in pulmonary vein (PV) blood because tumor cells apart from the primary tumor may circulate after passing through the drainage PV.

Methods

A total of 30 consecutive lung cancer patients who underwent thoracotomy were included. The CTCs in peripheral blood and in PV blood from the primary tumor site were quantitatively examined with the CellSearch system, and the numbers of CTCs per 7.5 mL peripheral and PV blood in each patient were represented as periCTC count and pvCTC count, respectively.

Results

Circulating tumor cell was detected in peripheral blood in 5 patients (16.7%; the periCTC count was 1 in 2 patients; and 2, 3, and 16 in 1 patient each), and the incidence of positive periCTC was higher in squamous carcinoma patients than in adenocarcinoma patients (p = 0.028). Circulating tumor cell was detected in PV blood in most patients (29 of 30, 96.7%), and the mean and median pvCTC counts were 1,195 and 81, respectively (range, 0 to 10,034). There was no significant correlation between pvCTC count and any other patient characteristic, including periCTC count.

Conclusions

In resectable lung cancer, CTC was positive in peripheral blood of some patients and in PV blood of most patients. A long-term follow-up study to clarify the clinical significance of pvCTC status is warranted.

 
 
 
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