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Articles by K Yanagida
Total Records ( 2 ) for K Yanagida
  N Inoue , T Okamura , Y Kokubo , Y Fujita , Y Sato , M Nakanishi , K Yanagida , A Kakino , S Iwamoto , M Watanabe , S Ogura , K Otsui , H Matsuda , K Uchida , R Yoshimoto and T. Sawamura
 

Background: Lectin-like oxidized LDL receptor 1 (LOX-1) is implicated in atherothrombotic diseases. Activation of LOX-1 in humans can be evaluated by use of the LOX index, obtained by multiplying the circulating concentration of LOX-1 ligands containing apolipoprotein B (LAB) times that of the soluble form of LOX-1 (sLOX-1) [LOX index = LAB x sLOX-1]. This study aimed to establish the prognostic value of the LOX index for coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke in a community-based cohort.

Methods: An 11-year cohort study of 2437 residents age 30–79 years was performed in an urban area located in Japan. Of these, we included in the analysis 1094 men and 1201 women without history of stroke and CHD. We measured LAB and sLOX-1 using ELISAs with recombinant LOX-1 and monoclonal anti–apolipoprotein B antibody and with 2 monoclonal antibodies against LOX-1, respectively.

Results: During the follow-up period, there were 68 incident cases of CHD and 91 cases of stroke (with 60 ischemic strokes). Compared with the bottom quartile, the hazard ratio (HR) of the top quartile of LOX index was 1.74 (95% CI 0.92–3.30) for stroke and 2.09 (1.00–4.35) for CHD after adjusting for sex, age, body mass index, drinking, smoking, hypertension, diabetes, non-HDL cholesterol, and use of lipid-lowering agents. Compared with the bottom quartile of LOX index, the fully adjusted HRs for ischemic stroke were consistently high from the second to the top quartile: 3.39 (95% CI 1.34–8.53), 3.15 (1.22–8.13) and 3.23 (1.24–8.37), respectively.

Conclusions: Higher LOX index values were associated with an increased risk of CHD. Low LOX index values may be protective against ischemic stroke.

  K Yanagida , K Masago , H Nakanishi , Y Kihara , F Hamano , Y Tajima , R Taguchi , T Shimizu and S. Ishii
 

p2y5 is an orphan G protein-coupled receptor that is closely related to the fourth lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptor, LPA4. Here we report that p2y5 is a novel LPA receptor coupling to the G13-Rho signaling pathway. "LPA receptor-null" RH7777 and B103 cells exogenously expressing p2y5 showed [3H]LPA binding, LPA-induced [35S]guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate binding, Rho-dependent alternation of cellular morphology, and Gs/13 chimeric protein-mediated cAMP accumulation. LPA-induced contraction of human umbilical vein endothelial cells was suppressed by small interfering RNA knockdown of endogenously expressed p2y5. We also found that 2-acyl-LPA had higher activity to p2y5 than 1-acyl-LPA. A recent study has suggested that p2y5 is an LPA receptor essential for human hair growth. We confirmed that p2y5 is a functional LPA receptor and propose to designate this receptor LPA6.

 
 
 
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