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Articles by K Unno
Total Records ( 2 ) for K Unno
  K Kondo , R Shibata , K Unno , M Shimano , M Ishii , T Kito , S Shintani , K Walsh , N Ouchi and T. Murohara
 

Background— Adiponectin plays a protective role in the development of obesity-linked disorders. We demonstrated that adiponectin exerts beneficial actions on acute ischemic injury in mice hearts. However, the effects of adiponectin treatment in large animals and its feasibility in clinical practice have not been investigated. This study investigated the effects of intracoronary administration of adiponectin on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in pigs.

Methods and Results— The left anterior descending coronary artery was occluded in pigs for 45 minutes and then reperfused for 24 hours. Recombinant adiponectin protein was given as a bolus intracoronary injection during ischemia. Cardiac functional parameters were measured by a manometer-tipped catheter. Apoptosis was evaluated by terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase-mediated dUTP nick end-labeling staining. Tumor necrosis factor- and interleukin-10 transcripts were analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Serum levels of derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolites and biological antioxidant potential were measured. Adiponectin protein was determined by immunohistochemical and Western blot analyses. Intracoronary administration of adiponectin protein led to a reduction in myocardial infarct size and improvement of left ventricular function in pigs after I/R. Injected adiponectin protein accumulated in the I/R-injured heart. Adiponectin treatment resulted in decreased tumor necrosis factor- and increased interleukin-10 mRNA levels in the myocardium after I/R. Adiponectin-treated pigs had reduced apoptotic activity in the I/R-injured heart and showed increased biological antioxidant potential levels and decreased derivatives of reactive oxygen metabolite levels in the blood stream after I/R.

Conclusions— These data suggest that adiponectin protects against I/R injury in a preclinical pig model through its ability to suppress inflammation, apoptosis, and oxidative stress. Administration of intracoronary adiponectin could be a useful adjunctive therapy for acute myocardial infarction.

  T Nakakura , A Soda , K Unno , M Suzuki and S. Tanaka
 

The number of corticotrophs increases in the anterior pituitary (AP) gland in adrenalectomized (AdX) rats. In this study, aimed at identifying the growth factor implicated in this proliferation, we analyzed proteins secreted from a cDNA library of the AP of AdX rats, using the signal sequence trap method. A PCR analysis of several cDNAs that coded for insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP) 5, IGFBP7, and vacuolar H+-ATPase accessory subunit Ac45 revealed an increased and decreased expression level of IGFBP7 mRNA in the AP of AdX rats and AdX rats injected with dexamethasone, respectively. IGFBP7 mRNA was predominately expressed in the corticotrophs of the APs of both sham-operated and AdX rats. The AP of AdX rats contained an increased number of IGFBP7 mRNA–expressing cells and corticotrophs compared with that of sham-operated rats, but the ratio of IGFBP7 mRNA–positive corticotrophs per total number of corticotrophs did not significantly change in either group. Histochemical analysis of labeled proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and sex-determining region Y box-2 (SOX2) revealed the presence of several PCNA-positive signals and the absence of SOX2 cells among the corticotrophs, suggesting that IGFBP7 mRNA–expressing corticotrophs are derived from in situ corticotrophs and that they increase in number as corticotrophs increase. The possible roles of IGFBP7 in the corticotrophs are also discussed. (J Histochem Cytochem 58:969–978, 2010)

 
 
 
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