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Articles by K Takimoto
Total Records ( 2 ) for K Takimoto
  K Takimoto , M Wakiyama and S. Yokoyama

In mammalian cells, microRNAs (miRNAs) are incorporated into miRNA-induced silencing complexes (miRISCs), which regulate protein expression post-transcriptionally through binding to 3'-untranslated regions of target mRNAs. Argonaute2 (Ago2), a key component of the miRISC, recruits GW182, a component of the processing body (GW/P-body), to the target mRNAs. To elucidate the function of GW182 in an miRNA-mediated translational repression, we analyzed Argonaute-binding sites in GW182. We found that human GW182 contains three binding sites for Ago2, within the amino-terminal glycine tryptophan (GW/WG)-repeated region that is characteristic of the GW182 family proteins. We also found that the first and second Ago2-binding site is conserved within the amino-terminal half of TNRC6B, which is a paralog of GW182. Each of the Ago-binding sites is alone sufficient to bind Ago2. Furthermore, we demonstrated that multiple Argonaute proteins were connected via the GW182 protein. A GW182 fragment containing the Ago2-binding region partially relieved let-7-mediated repression of protein synthesis in a mammalian cell-free system. Coincidentally, let-7-directed target mRNA deadenylation was delayed. Together, these results strongly suggested that the interactions of GW182 with Argonautes may induce the formation of large complexes containing miRNA target mRNAs, and may be critical for miRNA-mediated translational repression.

  K Takimoto , N Kawamura and T. Kasama

Previously, we histochemically examined the kidney of the MCC strain of mastomys (Praomys coucha) and found the storage of gangliosides. In the present studies, the lipid-bound sialic acid content of gangliosides in the MCC kidney was about 9- to 14-fold higher than that of the control (MWC strain). In the MCC kidney, sialic acids of male gangliosides were composed of N-acetylneuraminic acid at 91.5%; sialic acids of female gangliosides, however, were composed almost entirely of N-glycolylneuraminic acid. TLC of gangliosides showed that the MCC kidney contained four abundant gangliosides (two gangliosides each in males and females). These gangliosides isolated by HPLC were identified to be GM2(NeuAc) and fucosyl GM1(NeuAc) in the male MCC kidney and GM2(NeuGc) and fucosyl GM1(NeuGc) in the female MCC kidney by secondary ion mass spectrometry, TLC/immunostaining and TLC after enzyme treatments. Although the MCC kidney contained control levels of the activities of β-N-acetylhexosaminidase, -l-fucosidase, N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase and fucosyltransferase, the activity of β-galactosidase in the MCC kidney was increased to 400–500% of that in the MWC kidney. Therefore, we discussed the possibility that in the MCC kidney, GM2 was abundantly produced by the effect of increased β-galactosidase activity.

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