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Articles by K Sano
Total Records ( 2 ) for K Sano
  J. e Obata , T Nakamura , Y Kitta , Y Kodama , K Sano , K. I Kawabata , Y Saitoh , D Fujioka , T Kobayashi , T Yano , Y Watanabe , K Watanabe and K. Kugiyama

Background— Sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation aggravated endothelial vasomotor dysfunction in infarct-related coronary arteries.

Methods and Results— This study examined the effect of SES implantation on the duration of reperfusion-induced endothelial vasomotor dysfunction in infarct-related coronary arteries and on postinfarct left ventricular dysfunction in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Patients with a first AMI due to occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery and successful reperfusion using SES (n=15) or bare metal stents (BMS; n=18) were examined. The vasomotor response of the left anterior descending coronary artery to acetylcholine and left ventriculography were examined 2 weeks and 6 months after AMI. At 6 months after AMI, the impairment of epicardial coronary artery dilation and coronary blood flow increase in response to acetylcholine was recovered from 2 weeks after AMI in BMS-treated patients, whereas the responses of SES-treated patients improved but remained impaired compared with BMS-treated patients (% increase in blood flow, 77±12% in SES versus 116±15% in BMS at 10 µg/min of acetylcholine, P<0.01). Left ventricular regional wall dysfunction in the left anterior descending coronary artery territory improved from 2 weeks to 6 months after AMI in BMS-treated patients but not in SES-treated patients (% improvement of average SD/chord, 6% in SES versus 19% in BMS, P<0.05), although left ventricular global ejection fraction was similar between the groups at any time points.

Conclusions— SES implantation may delay recovery of reperfusion-induced endothelial vasomotor dysfunction in infarct-related coronary arteries and left ventricular regional dysfunction for at least 6 months after AMI.

  S Yasumasu , M Kawaguchi , S Ouchi , K Sano , K Murata , H Sugiyama , T Akema and I. Iuchi

Hatching of medaka embryos from the fertilized egg envelope involves two enzymes, HCE and LCE. HCE swells the envelope and then LCE completely dissolves it. We determined HCE and LCE cleavage sites on the egg envelope that are primarily constructed of two groups of subunit proteins, ZI-1,2 and ZI-3. HCE and LCE cleaved different target sequences on the egg envelope proteins but shared one common cleavage site. HCE cleaved the N-terminal region of ZI-1,2 and ZI-3, mainly the Pro-Xaa-Yaa repeat sequence of ZI-1,2 into hexapeptides, but not the site within a zona pellucida (ZP) domain that is considered to be the core structure of the egg envelope. The cleavage of these N-terminal regions results in swelling and softening of the envelope. LCE cleaved the middle of the ZP domain of ZI-1,2, in addition to the upstream of the trefoil domain of ZI-1,2 and the ZP domain of ZI-3. This middle site is in the intervening sequence connecting two subdomains of the ZP domain. Cleaving this site would result in the solubilization of the swollen egg envelope by the disruption of the filamentous structure that is thought to be formed by the non-covalent polymerization of ZP domains.

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