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Articles by K Ohno
Total Records ( 6 ) for K Ohno
  K Zama , Y Hayashi , S Ito , Y Hirabayashi , T Inoue , K Ohno , N Okino and M. Ito
 

We report here a method of simultaneously quantifying glucosylceramide (GlcCer) and galactosylceramide (GalCer) by normal-phase HPLC using O-phtalaldehyde derivatives. Treatment with sphingolipid ceramide N-deacylase which converts the cerebrosides in the sample to their lyso-forms was followed by the quantitative labeling of free NH2 groups of the lyso-cerebrosides with O-phtalaldehyde. Using this method, 14.1 pmol of GlcCer and 10.4 pmol of GalCer, and 108.1 pmol of GlcCer and 191.1 pmol of GalCer were detected in zebrafish embryos and RPMI 1864 cells, respectively, while 22.2 pmol of GlcCer but no GalCer was detected in CHOP cells using cell lysate containing 100 µg of protein. Linearity for the determination of each cerebroside was observed from 50 to 400 µg of protein under the conditions used, which corresponds to approximately 103 to 105 RPMI cells and 5 to 80 zebrafish embryos. The present method clearly revealed that the treatment of RPMI cells with a GlcCer synthase inhibitor P4 resulted in a marked decrease in GlcCer but not GalCer, concomitantly with a significant decrease in the GlcCer synthase activity. On the other hand, GlcCer but not GalCer increased 2-fold when an acid glucocerebrosidase inhibitor CBE was injected into zebrafish embryos. Interestingly, the treatment of CHOP cells with ciclosporin A increased GlcCer possibly due to the inhibition of LacCer synthase. A significant increase in levels of GlcCer in fibroblasts from patients with Gaucher disease was clearly shown by the method. The proposed method is useful for the determination of GlcCer and GalCer levels in various biological samples.

  S Nakano , M Yoshida , K Fujii , K Yorozuya , Y Mouri , J Kousaka , T Fukutomi , J Kimura , T Ishiguchi , K Ohno , T Mizumoto and M. Harao
  Objective

We recently developed a real-time virtual sonography (RVS) system that enables simultaneous display of both sonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) cutaway images of the same site in real time. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of RVS in the management of enhancing lesions visualized with MRI.

Methods

Between June 2006 and April 2007, 65 patients underwent MRI for staging of known breast cancer at our hospital. All patients were examined using mammography, sonography, MRI and RVS before surgical resection. Results were correlated with histopathologic findings. MRI was obtained on a 1.5 T imager, with the patient in the supine position using a flexible body surface coil. Detection rate was determined for index tumors and incidental enhancing lesions (IELs), with or without RVS.

Results

Overall sensitivity for detecting index tumors was 85% (55/65) for mammography, 91% (59/65) for sonography, 97% (63/65) for MRI and 98% (64/65) for RVS. Notably, in one instance in which the cancer was not seen on MRI, RVS detected it with the supplementation of sonography. IELs were found in 26% (17/65) of the patients. Of 23 IELs that were detected by MRI, 30% (7/23) of IELs could be identified on repeated sonography alone, but 83% (19/23) of them were identified using the RVS system (P = 0.001). The RVS system was able to correctly project enhanced MRI information onto a body surface, as we checked sonography form images.

Conclusions

Our results suggest that the RVS system can identify enhancing breast lesions with excellent accuracy.

  W. E Muhogora , N. A Ahmed , A Beganovic , A Benider , O Ciraj Bjelac , V Gershan , E Gershkevitsh , E Grupetta , M. H Kharita , N Manatrakul , M Milakovic , K Ohno , L Ben Omrane , J Ptacek , C Schandorf , M. S Shabaan , D Stoyanov , N Toutaoui , J. S Wambani and M. M. Rehani
 

The purpose of this prospective study at 73 facilities in 18 countries in Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe was to investigate if the CT doses to adult patients in developing countries are higher than international standards. The dose assessment was performed in terms of weighted computed tomography dose index (CTDIw) and dose length product (DLP) for chest, chest (high resolution), lumbar spine, abdomen and pelvis CT examinations using standard methods. Except in one case, the mean CTDIw values were below diagnostic reference level (DRL) while for DLP, 17 % of situations were above DRLs. The resulting CT images were of adequate quality for diagnosis. The CTDIw and DLP data presented herein are largely similar to those from two recent national surveys. The study has shown a stronger need to create awareness and training of radiology personnel as well as monitoring of radiation doses in many developing countries so as to conform to the ALARA principle.

 
 
 
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