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Articles by K Oda
Total Records ( 6 ) for K Oda
  K Tanaka , F Akiyama , N Nishikawa , K Kimura , N Gomi , K Oda and T. Iwase
 

OBJECTIVE. We describe the case of a woman with a left breast mass. At mammography, the mass was shown to be irregular and accompanied by coarse calcification. Core needle biopsy revealed invasive carcinoma and a mastectomy was performed. Histopathology showed fibrosis with partial hyalinization eccentrically placed within the tumor with a large area of calcification at the core.

CONCLUSION. Benign calcifications within a breast mass are not diagnostic of a benign process if the imaging characteristics of the mass are suspicious.

  J Sabate , K Oda and E. Ros
 

Background  Epidemiological studies have consistently associated nut consumption with reduced risk for coronary heart disease. Subsequently, many dietary intervention trials investigated the effects of nut consumption on blood lipid levels. The objectives of this study were to estimate the effects of nut consumption on blood lipid levels and to examine whether different factors modify the effects.

Methods  We pooled individual primary data from 25 nut consumption trials conducted in 7 countries among 583 men and women with normolipidemia and hypercholesterolemia who were not taking lipid-lowering medications. In a pooled analysis, we used mixed linear models to assess the effects of nut consumption and the potential interactions.

Results  With a mean daily consumption of 67 g of nuts, the following estimated mean reductions were achieved: total cholesterol concentration (10.9 mg/dL [5.1% change]), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration (LDL-C) (10.2 mg/dL [7.4% change]), ratio of LDL-C to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration (HDL-C) (0.22 [8.3% change]), and ratio of total cholesterol concentration to HDL-C (0.24 [5.6% change]) (P < .001 for all) (to convert all cholesterol concentrations to millimoles per liter, multiply by 0.0259). Triglyceride levels were reduced by 20.6 mg/dL (10.2%) in subjects with blood triglyceride levels of at least 150 mg/dL (P < .05) but not in those with lower levels (to convert triglyceride level to millimoles per liter, multiply by 0.0113). The effects of nut consumption were dose related, and different types of nuts had similar effects on blood lipid levels. The effects of nut consumption were significantly modified by LDL-C, body mass index, and diet type: the lipid-lowering effects of nut consumption were greatest among subjects with high baseline LDL-C and with low body mass index and among those consuming Western diets.

Conclusion  Nut consumption improves blood lipid levels in a dose-related manner, particularly among subjects with higher LDL-C or with lower BMI.

  S Ubaidus , M Li , S Sultana , P. H. L de Freitas , K Oda , T Maeda , R Takagi and N. Amizuka
 

This study aimed to evaluate whether the immunolocalization of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 23 and dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP1) is associated with the spatial regularity of the osteocyte lacunar canalicular system(s) (OLCS). Femora of 12-weeks-old male ICR mice were fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde, decalcified with a 10% EDTA solution and then embedded in paraffin. We have devised a triple staining procedure that combines silver impregnation, alkaline phosphatase (ALPase) immunohistochemistry and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAPase) enzyme histochemistry on a single paraffin section. This procedure permitted the visualization of ALPase-positive plump osteoblasts and several TRAPase-positive osteoclasts on those bone matrices featuring irregularly arranged OLCS, and of ALPase-positive bone lining cells on the bone matrix displaying the well-arranged OLCS. As observations proceeded from the metaphysis toward the diaphysis, the endosteal cortical bone displayed narrower bands of calcein labeling, accompanied by increased regularity of the OLCS. This implies that the speed of bone deposition during bone remodeling would affect the regularity of the OLCS. While DMP1 was evenly localized in all regions of the cortical bones, FGF23 was more abundantly localized in osteocytes of cortical bones with regularly arranged OLCS. In cortical bones, the endosteal area featuring regular OLCS exhibited more intense FGF23 immunoreaction when compared to the periosteal region, which tended to display irregular OLCS. In summary, FGF23 appears to be synthesized principally by osteocytes in the regularly distributed OLCS that have been established after bone remodeling.

  M Li , Y Seki , P. H. L Freitas , M Nagata , T Kojima , S Sultana , S Ubaidus , T Maeda , J Shimomura , J. E Henderson , M Tamura , K Oda , Z Liu , Y Guo , R Suzuki , T Yamamoto , R Takagi and N. Amizuka
 

The signaling axis comprising the parathyroid hormone (PTH)-related peptide (PTHrP), the PTH/PTHrP receptor and the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 (FGFR3) plays a central role in chondrocyte proliferation. The Indian hedgehog (IHH) gene is normally expressed in early hypertrophic chondrocytes, and its negative feedback loop was shown to regulate PTH/PTHrP receptor signaling. In this study, we examined the regulation of PTH/PTHrP receptor gene expression in a FGFR3-transfected chondrocytic cell line, CFK2. Expression of IHH could not be verified on these cells, with consequent absence of hypertrophic differentiation. Also, expression of the PTH/PTHrP receptor (75% reduction of total mRNA) and the PTHrP (50% reduction) genes was reduced in CFK2 cells transfected with FGFR3 cDNA. Interestingly, we verified significant reduction in cell growth and increased apoptosis in the transfected cells. STAT1 was detected in the nuclei of the CFK2 cells transfected with FGFR3 cDNA, indicating predominance of the JAK/STAT signaling pathway. The reduction in PTH/PTHrP receptor gene in CFK2 cells overexpressing FGFR3 was partially blocked by treatment with an inhibitor of JAK3 (WHI-P131), but not with an inhibitor of MAPK (SB203580) or JAK2 (AG490). Altogether, these findings suggest that FGFR3 down-regulates PTH/PTHrP receptor gene expression via the JAK/STAT signaling in chondrocytic cells.

  K Narimatsu , M Li , P. H. L de Freitas , S Sultana , S Ubaidus , T Kojima , L Zhucheng , G Ying , R Suzuki , T Yamamoto , K Oda and N. Amizuka
 

Preosteoblasts are currently defined as the precursors of mature osteoblasts. These cells are morphologically diverse and may represent a continuum during osteoblast differentiation. We have attempted to categorize the different preosteoblastic phenotypes in vivo by examining bone cells expressing the runt-related transcription factor 2, alkaline phosphatase and BrdU incorporation – histological traits of a preosteoblast – under transmission electron microscopy (TEM). TEM observations demonstrated, at least, in part two preosteoblastic subtypes: (i) a cell rich in cisterns of rough endoplasmic reticulum (rER) with vesicles and vacuoles and (ii) a subtype featuring extended cytoplasmic processes that connect with distant cells, with a small amount of scattered cisterns of rER and with many vesicles and vacuoles. ER-rich cells, whose cellular machinery is similar to that of an osteoblast, were often seen adjacent to mature osteoblasts, and therefore, may be ready for terminal differentiation. In contrast, ER-poor and vesicle-rich cells extended their cytoplasmic processes to mature osteoblasts and, frequently, to bone-resorbing osteoclasts. The abundant vesicles and vacuoles identified in this cell type indicate that this cell is involved in vesicular transport rather than matrix synthesis activity. In summary, our study verified the morphological diversity and the ultrastructural properties of osteoblastic cells in vivo.

  K Oda , S Makino , C Masuda , T Yoshiki , Y Kitamura , K Takata , D Yanagisawa , T Taniguchi and I. Tooyama
 

The putative protein C7orf24 is encoded by Homo sapiens chromosome 7 open reading frame 24. C7orf24 was first identified as a 21-kDa cytochrome c–releasing factor detected in the cytosolic fraction of human leukemia U937 cells after treatment with geranylgeraniol. C7orf24 protein was recently identified as a -glutamyl cyclotransferase, an enzyme in the -glutamyl cycle. However, the exact localization of C7orf24 mRNA in normal tissues remains unknown. The present study examined the distribution pattern of C7orf24 mRNA in rat tissues using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and in situ hybridization histochemistry. The RT-PCR experiments demonstrated that C7orf24 and a variant C7orf24 mRNA were expressed in various tissues. Quantitative RT-PCR analysis revealed significantly high levels of both C7orf24 mRNAs in the liver and kidney, compared with other tissues examined. In situ hybridization histochemistry localized C7orf24 mRNA to hepatocytes in the liver and renal tubules in the kidney. The present results thus implicated an important role for C7orf24 in liver and kidney. This manuscript contains online supplemental material at http://www.jhc.org. Please visit this article online to view these materials. (J Histochem Cytochem 57:1121–1126, 2009)

 
 
 
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