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Articles by K Miura
Total Records ( 3 ) for K Miura
  K Miura , S Miura , K Yamasaki , A Higashijima , A Kinoshita , K. i Yoshiura and H. Masuzaki
  BACKGROUND:

Several placental microRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as pregnancy-associated molecules with the potential for use in estimating the condition of the placenta. Our understanding of these novel molecules is still limited, however. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize pregnancy-associated miRNAs in maternal plasma.

METHODS:

By microarray-based screening of 723 human miRNAs, we selected miRNAs that exhibited signal intensities >100 times higher in placental tissues than in the corresponding whole blood samples. Subsequent quantitative real-time reverse-transcription PCR revealed miRNAs produced predominantly in the placenta that showed significantly decreased concentrations in maternal plasma after delivery. These miRNAs were identified as pregnancy-associated miRNAs.

RESULTS:

We selected 82 miRNAs produced predominantly in the placenta and identified 24 as pregnancy-associated miRNAs. The genes encoding these miRNAs included 16 that are clustered on 19q13.42 and 5 clustered on 14q32. As the pregnancy progressed into the third trimester, the plasma concentrations of cell-free chromosome 19–derived miRNAs (has-miR-515-3p, has-miR-517a, has-miR-517c, has-miR-518b, and has-miR-526b) increased significantly (P = 0.0284, 0.0069, 0.0125, 0.0284, and 0.0093, respectively, Wilcoxon signed rank test), whereas that of cell-free has-miR-323-3p on chromosome 14q32.31 showed no change (P = 0.2026).

CONCLUSIONS:

In addition to the known pregnancy-associated miRNAs, we identified new pregnancy-associated miRNAs with our microarray-based approach. Most of the genes encoding these miRNAs were clustered on 19q13.42 or 14q32, which are critical regions for placental and embryonic development. These new pregnancy-associated miRNAs may be useful molecular markers for monitoring pregnancy-associated diseases.

  T Shimada , N Yamaguchi , N Nishida , K Yamasaki , K Miura , S Katamine and H. Masuzaki
  Objectives

The squamous cell carcinoma antigen is considered the most accurate serologic tumor marker for uterine cervical carcinoma. However, serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen levels were found to correlate significantly with clinical severity of atopic dermatitis and chronic renal failure. The present study was conducted in patients with human papillomavirus 16 DNA-positive uterine cervical cancer to determine the plasma level of human papillomavirus 16 DNA and the diagnostic values of plasma human papillomavirus DNA in these patients.

Methods

Forty-three human papillomavirus 16-positive patients with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia or uterine cervical squamous cell carcinoma were recruited in this study. The diagnosis was cervical cancer in 20 patients, high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions in 21, low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions in 1 and negative for intraepithelial lesion or malignancy in 3 patients. Before any treatment, blood samples were collected from all patients. For analysis of human papillomavirus DNA in plasma of patients with cervical cancer, quantitative polymerase chain reaction fluorescent assay for human papillomavirus 16 was performed using human papillomavirus 16 primers and SYBR Green dye using the LightCycler 480 SW1.5 apparatus.

Results

Plasma human papillomavirus 16 DNA was detected in only 30.0% of the patients with human papillomavirus 16-positive cervical cancer and in none of normal controls. The copy number of plasma human papillomavirus 16 DNA was higher in patients with invasive cancer than in those with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN3), micro-invasive cancer and in normal individuals.

Conclusions

These results indicated that the plasma human papillomavirus DNA level could be potentially used as a marker of low-invasive cervical cancer tumors in patients with normal squamous cell carcinoma antigen levels before treatment.

  Y Takaoka , M Ohta , A Takeuchi , K Miura , M Matsuo , T Sakaeda , A Sugano and H. Nishio
 

UDP-glucuronosyltransferase 1A1 (UGT1A1) is an endoplasmic reticulum membrane protein that catalyses glucuronidation. Mutant UGT1A1 possesses a different conjugation capacity, and the molecular mechanisms regulating these conjugation reactions are as yet unclear. To elucidate these molecular mechanisms, we simulated and analysed the glucuronidation of wild-type UGT1A1 and six UGT1A1 mutants, with bilirubin as the substrate. We found that only the orientation of the substrates correlated with the conjugation capacity in in vitro experiments. Inasmuch as glucuronidation is an intermolecular rearrangement reaction, we find that the conjugation reaction proceeds only when the hydroxyl group of the substrate is oriented towards the coenzyme, which allows the proton transfer to occur.

 
 
 
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