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Articles by K Kotsch
Total Records ( 2 ) for K Kotsch
  S Pinkert , D Westermann , X Wang , K Klingel , A Dorner , K Savvatis , T Grossl , S Krohn , C Tschope , H Zeichhardt , K Kotsch , K Weitmann , W Hoffmann , H. P Schultheiss , O. B Spiller , W Poller and H. Fechner

Background— Group B coxsackieviruses (CVBs) are the prototypical agents of acute myocarditis and chronic dilated cardiomyopathy, but an effective targeted therapy is still not available. Here, we analyze the therapeutic potential of a soluble (s) virus receptor molecule against CVB3 myocarditis using a gene therapy approach.

Methods and Results— We generated an inducible adenoviral vector (AdG12) for strict drug-dependent delivery of sCAR-Fc, a fusion protein composed of the coxsackievirus-adenovirus receptor (CAR) extracellular domains and the carboxyl terminus of human IgG1-Fc. Decoy receptor expression was strictly doxycycline dependent, with no expression in the absence of an inducer. CVB3 infection of HeLa cells was efficiently blocked by supernatant from AdG12-transduced cells, but only in the presence of doxycycline. After liver-specific transfer, AdG12 (plus doxycycline) significantly improved cardiac contractility and diastolic relaxation compared with a control vector in CVB3-infected mice if sCAR-Fc was induced before infection (left ventricular pressure 59±3.8 versus 45.4±2.7 mm Hg, median 59 versus 45.8 mm Hg, P<0.01; dP/dtmax 3645.1±443.6 versus 2057.9±490.2 mm Hg/s, median 3526.6 versus 2072 mm Hg/s, P<0.01; and dP/dtmin –2125.5±330.5 versus –1310.2±330.3 mm Hg/s, median –2083.7 versus –1295.9 mm Hg/s, P<0.01) and improved contractility if induced concomitantly with infection (left ventricular pressure 76.4±19.2 versus 56.8±10.3 mm Hg, median 74.8 versus 54.4 mm Hg, P<0.05; dP/dtmax 5214.2±1786.2 versus 3011.6±918.3 mm Hg/s, median 5182.1 versus 3106.6 mm Hg/s, P<0.05), respectively. Importantly, hemodynamics of animals treated with AdG12 (plus doxycycline) were similar to uninfected controls. Preinfection induction of sCAR-Fc completely blocked and concomitant induction strongly reduced cardiac CVB3 infection, myocardial injury, and inflammation.

Conclusion— AdG12-mediated sCAR-Fc delivery prevents cardiac dysfunction in CVB3 myocarditis under prophylactic and therapeutic conditions.

  C Hinrichs , K Kotsch , S Buchwald , M Habicher , N Saak , H Gerlach , H. D Volk and D. Keh

Background: Postoperative sepsis is one of the main causes of death after major abdominal surgery; however, the immunologic factors contributing to the development of sepsis are not completely understood. In this study, we evaluated gene expression in patients who developed postoperative sepsis and in patients with an uncomplicated postoperative course.

Methods: We enrolled 220 patients in a retrospective matched-pair, case–control pilot study to investigate the perioperative expression of 23 inflammation-related genes regarding their properties for predicting postoperative sepsis. Twenty patients exhibiting symptoms of sepsis in the first 14 days after surgery (case group) were matched with 20 control patients with an uncomplicated postoperative course. Matching criteria were sex, age, main diagnosis, type of surgery, and concomitant diseases. Blood samples were drawn before surgery and on the first and second postoperative days. Relative gene expression was analyzed with real-time reverse-transcription PCR.

Results: Significant differences (P < 0.005) in gene expression between the 2 groups were observed for IL1B (interleukin 1, beta), TNF [tumor necrosis factor (TNF superfamily, member 2)], CD3D [CD3d molecule, delta (CD3-TCR complex)], and PRF1 [perforin 1 (pore forming protein)]. Logistic regression analysis and a subsequent ROC curve analysis revealed that the combination of TNF, IL1B, and CD3D expression had a specificity and specificity of 90% and 85%, respectively, and predicted exclusion of postoperative sepsis with an estimated negative predictive value of 98.1%.

Conclusions: These data suggest that gene expression analysis may be an effective tool for differentiating patients at high and low risk for sepsis after abdominal surgery.

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