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Articles by K Johnson
Total Records ( 2 ) for K Johnson
  P. H Brown , J. L Viner , A Brewster , C. J Heckman , S Hursting , K Johnson and J. T. Mao

In November, 2008 the AACR held the Seventh Annual Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research meeting in Washington, DC. At this meeting, a wide range of cutting-edge cancer prevention research was presented. This summary highlights some of the most impactful presentations with a focus on the interaction between inflammation, infections, the immune system, and tumor microenvironment in promoting cancer. Several of these presentations described targeting host-tumor interactions as a means for cancer prevention. As discussed below, this meeting continues to represent all phases of cancer prevention research including epidemiologic studies, behavioral and lifestyle interventions, carcinogenesis research, preclinical studies testing novel preventive interventions, and the results of early- and late-phase cancer prevention trials. Major advances presented at the 2008 meeting included studies showing that immune cells can be either protumorigenic or antitumorigenic, efforts to develop more comprehensive human papillomavirus vaccines to more effectively prevent cervical cancer and other human papillomavirus–related cancers, controversial studies of vitamin D and cancer risk, and studies of single-nucleotide polymorphisms to better assess cancer risk. These and the other presentations at this meeting continue to provide strong support for the concept that cancer will be most effectively controlled by applying modern cancer prevention strategies

  P. A Thompson , C. H Hsu , S Green , A. T Stopeck , K Johnson , D. S Alberts and H H. S. Chow

Regular use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID) has been associated with reduced risk of breast cancer. Sulindac, a nonselective NSAID with both cyclooxygenase-2–dependent and –independent activities, is a candidate for breast chemoprevention. We conducted a phase Ib trial in 30 women at increased risk for breast cancer to evaluate the breast tissue distribution of sulindac at two dose levels (150 mg daily and 150 mg twice daily for 6 weeks), using nipple aspirate fluid (NAF) as a surrogate of breast tissue drug exposure. We also explored the effect of sulindac on drug-induced biomarkers in NAF. We show that sulindac and its metabolites partition to human breast as measured by NAF levels. Sulindac intervention did not decrease 13,14-dihydro-15-keto prostaglandin A2, a stable derivative of prostaglandin E2, in NAF, but exposure was associated with a significant trend towards higher levels of growth differentiation factor 15 in NAF in women receiving 150 mg twice daily (P = 0.038). These results are the first to show partitioning of sulindac and metabolites to human breast tissue and the first evidence for a potential dose-dependent effect of sulindac on growth differentiation factor 15 levels in NAF. Cancer Prev Res; 3(1); 101–7

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