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Articles by K Jirstrom
Total Records ( 2 ) for K Jirstrom
  B Hoeft , J Linseisen , L Beckmann , K Muller Decker , F Canzian , A Husing , R Kaaks , U Vogel , M. U Jakobsen , K Overvad , R. D Hansen , S Knuppel , H Boeing , A Trichopoulou , Y Koumantaki , D Trichopoulos , F Berrino , D Palli , S Panico , R Tumino , H.B Bueno de Mesquita , F. J.B van Duijnhoven , C. H van Gils , P. H Peeters , V Dumeaux , E Lund , J. M Huerta Castano , X Munoz , L Rodriguez , A Barricarte , J Manjer , K Jirstrom , B Van Guelpen , G Hallmans , E. A Spencer , F. L Crowe , K. T Khaw , N Wareham , S Morois , M. C Boutron Ruault , F Clavel Chapelon , V Chajes , M Jenab , P Boffetta , P Vineis , T Mouw , T Norat , E Riboli and A. Nieters

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common malignant tumor and the fourth leading cause of cancer death worldwide. The crucial role of fatty acids for a number of important biological processes suggests a more in-depth analysis of inter-individual differences in fatty acid metabolizing genes as contributing factor to colon carcinogenesis. We examined the association between genetic variability in 43 fatty acid metabolism-related genes and colorectal risk in 1225 CRC cases and 2032 controls participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. Three hundred and ninety two single-nucleotide polymorphisms were selected using pairwise tagging with an r2 cutoff of 0.8 and a minor allele frequency of >5%. Conditional logistic regression models were used to estimate odds ratios and corresponding 95% confidence intervals. Haplotype analysis was performed using a generalized linear model framework. On the genotype level, hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase 15-(NAD) (HPGD), phospholipase A2 group VI (PLA2G6) and transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 were associated with higher risk for CRC, whereas prostaglandin E receptor 2 (PTGER2) was associated with lower CRC risk. A significant inverse association (P < 0.006) was found for PTGER2 GGG haplotype, whereas HPGD AGGAG and PLA2G3 CT haplotypes were significantly (P < 0.001 and P = 0.003, respectively) associated with higher risk of CRC. Based on these data, we present for the first time the association of HPGD variants with CRC risk. Our results support the key role of prostanoid signaling in colon carcinogenesis and suggest a relevance of genetic variation in fatty acid metabolism-related genes and CRC risk.

  J Nystrom , K Hultenby , S Ek , J Sjolund , H Axelson , K Jirstrom , M. A Saleem , K Nilsson and M. E. Johansson

Background. CRIM1 is a plasma membrane bound protein containing six cysteine-rich repeats (CRR). Through these, CRIM1 has been shown to interact with a subgroup of the TGF-β superfamily, the bone morphogenic proteins (BMP) isoforms 2, 4 and 7. The probable action is to modulate the signalling properties of these factors. CRIM1 has also been shown to regulate the release of VEGFA by podocytes during renal organogenesis. Knock-out studies in mice have shown that CRIM1 is critically involved in the development of the central nervous system, eye and kidney. Replacement of CRIM1 with a defective version leads to renal dysgenesis and perinatal death. We have analysed the distribution of CRIM1 in adult human renal tissue.

Methods. To this end, we have used immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry and immunoelectron microscopy. We performed western blotting for the CRIM1 protein, using lysates from isolated glomerular podocytes and human renal tissue homogenate. By using quantitative PCR, we compared the CRIM1 mRNA levels in podocytes, human renal tissue homogenate, primary human renal proximal tubular epithelial cells and primary human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells.

Results. The results show that in the human adult kidney, CRIM1 is mainly expressed in the glomerular podocytes and is associated with the insertional region of the filtration slit diaphragm (SD) of the podocyte pedicles.

Conclusions. CRIM1 is a protein that should be added to the list of proteins associated with the podocyte filtration SD and with the probable action of modulating BMP and VEGFA signalling.

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