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Articles by K Iekushi
Total Records ( 2 ) for K Iekushi
  F Sanada , Y Taniyama , K Iekushi , J Azuma , K Okayama , H Kusunoki , N Koibuchi , T Doi , Y Aizawa and R. Morishita
 

Rationale: Neointimal hyperplasia contributes to atherosclerosis and restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention. Vascular injury in each of these conditions results in the release of mitogenic growth factors and hormones that contribute to pathological vascular smooth muscle cell growth and inflammation. Hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) is known as an antiinflammatory growth factor, although it is downregulated in injured tissue. However, the precise mechanism how HGF reduces inflammation is unclear.

Objective: To elucidate the mechanism how HGF and its receptor c-Met reduces angiotensin II (Ang II)–induced inflammation.

Methods and Results: HGF reduced Ang II–induced vascular smooth muscle cell growth and inflammation by controlling translocation of SHIP2 (Src homology domain 2–containing inositol 5'-phosphatase 2), which led to Ang II–dependent degradation of epithelial growth factor receptor. Moreover, the present study also revealed a preventive effect of HGF on atherosclerotic change in an Ang II infusion and cuff HGF transgenic mouse model.

Conclusions: These data suggest that the HGF/c-Met system might regulate extrinsic factor signaling that maintains the homeostasis of organs.

  M Koyanagi , M Iwasaki , S Rupp , F. S Tedesco , C. H Yoon , J. N Boeckel , J Trauth , C Schutz , K Ohtani , R Goetz , K Iekushi , P Bushoven , S Momma , C Mummery , R Passier , R Henschler , H Akintuerk , D Schranz , C Urbich , B. G Galvez , G Cossu , A. M Zeiher and S. Dimmeler
 

Rationale: Complementation of pluripotency genes may improve adult stem cell functions.

Objectives: Here we show that clonally expandable, telomerase expressing progenitor cells can be isolated from peripheral blood of children. The surface marker profile of the clonally expanded cells is distinct from hematopoietic or mesenchymal stromal cells, and resembles that of embryonic multipotent mesoangioblasts. Cell numbers and proliferative capacity correlated with donor age. Isolated circulating mesoangioblasts (cMABs) express the pluripotency markers Klf4, c-Myc, as well as low levels of Oct3/4, but lack Sox2. Therefore, we tested whether overexpression of Sox2 enhances pluripotency and facilitates differentiation of cMABs in cardiovascular lineages.

Methods and Results: Lentiviral transduction of Sox2 (Sox-MABs) enhanced the capacity of cMABs to differentiate into endothelial cells and cardiomyocytes in vitro. Furthermore, the number of smooth muscle actin positive cells was higher in Sox-MABs. In addition, pluripotency of Sox-MABs was shown by demonstrating the generation of endodermal and ectodermal progenies. To test whether Sox-MABs may exhibit improved therapeutic potential, we injected Sox-MABs into nude mice after acute myocardial infarction. Four weeks after cell therapy with Sox-MABs, cardiac function was significantly improved compared to mice treated with control cMABs. Furthermore, cell therapy with Sox-MABs resulted in increased number of differentiated cardiomyocytes, endothelial cells, and smooth muscle cells in vivo.

Conclusions: The complementation of Sox2 in Oct3/4-, Klf4-, and c-Myc-expressing cMABs enhanced the differentiation into all 3 cardiovascular lineages and improved the functional recovery after acute myocardial infarction.

 
 
 
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