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Articles by K Hirano
Total Records ( 2 ) for K Hirano
  N Tsuboi , T Kawamura , K Koike , H Okonogi , K Hirano , A Hamaguchi , Y Miyazaki , M Ogura , K Joh , Y Utsunomiya and T. Hosoya

Background and objectives: An early histopathologic predictor of the renal prognosis, before the occurrence of advanced glomerular sclerosis/interstitial fibrosis and/or apparent renal dysfunction, remains to be established in IgA nephropathy (IgAN). This study aimed to determine whether the glomerular density (GD; nonsclerotic glomerular number per renal cortical area) of biopsy specimens obtained at an early stage of IgAN could predict the long-term renal outcome.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements: The predictive value of the factors at biopsy, including the GD, on the renal outcome was retrospectively analyzed for 98 patients who had IgAN with an estimated GFR of ≥60 ml/min per 1.73 m2 at biopsy (87 ml/min per 1.73 m2 on average).

Results: The individual value of GD in biopsy ranged from 1.2 to 8.1/mm2 (i.e., approximately a seven-fold variation), and the GD showed a close inverse correlation with mean glomerular volume. Among the various clinicopathologic factors involved, both a cellular/fibrocellular crescent and the GD were found to be significant predictors of progression in multivariate analyses. A low GD in the biopsy specimens was frequently associated with a steeper slope of the renal function and a synergistically enhanced risk for progression with the presence of cellular/fibrocellular crescent. The renal function, proteinuria, degrees of glomerulosclerosis, and interstitial fibrosis at biopsy were not independent predictors of the prognosis in these patients.

Conclusions: A strong predictive relationship of low GD with progression observed in this study suggests that GD may serve as an early histopathologic marker of long-term renal prognosis in IgAN.

  Y Nakai , H Isayama , T Sasaki , N Sasahira , H Kogure , K Hirano , T Tsujino , H Ijichi , K Tateishi , M Tada , M Omata and K. Koike

We investigated the impact of S-1 on the prognosis of patients with gemcitabine-refractory pancreatic cancer.


A total of 108 patients with gemcitabine-refractory pancreatic cancer were divided by the time of S-1 introduction in our institution: 47 patients who experienced progressive disease before February 2005 (pre-S-1 group) and 61 patients showed progressive disease after February 2005 (post-S-1 group). Introduction rates of second-line chemotherapy and survival were compared. Prognostic factors for residual survival were analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards model.


Introduction rates of second-line chemotherapy were 12.8% in the pre-S-1 group and 45.9% in the post-S-1 group. Second-line chemotherapy was administered to 34 patients: 29 using S-1, 4 using 5-fluorouracil-based chemoradiation and 1 using 5-fluorouracil. The objective response rate, progression-free survival and overall survival for second-line chemotherapy with S-1 were17.2%, 2.5 and 7.7 months, respectively. By the introduction of S-1 in our institution, residual survival was prolonged from 3.1 months in the pre-S-1 group to 6.7 months in the post-S-1 group (P < 0.001). Overall survival from the initiation of gemcitabine was 8.8 months in the pre-S-1 group and 11.3 months in the post-S-1 group (P = 0.013). Multivariate analysis identified the post-S-1 group (hazard ratio, 0.43; P = 0.001), gender, performance status, liver metastasis, and lactate dehydrogenase and C-reactive protein levels at progressive disease for gemcitabine to be prognostic factors for residual survival.


The introduction of S-1 might improve the prognosis of patients with gemcitabine-refractory pancreatic cancer.

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