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Articles by Jose Eduardo Castanheiro
Total Records ( 1 ) for Jose Eduardo Castanheiro
  Ana V. Dordio , Patricia Goncalves , Dora Texeira , Antonio Jose Candeias , Jose Eduardo Castanheiro , Ana P. Pinto and A.J. Palace Carvalho
  Biosorbents have been recently gaining importance, with an increasing number of publications on their environmental applications, especially for removal of organic pollutants from aqueous media. The aim of this work was to evaluate the sorption capacity of a biosorbent, namely granulated cork, to remove mixtures of ibuprofen (IB), carbamazepine (CB) and clofibric acid (CA) from water and wastewater. High removal efficiencies were attained for IB and CB while a less satisfactory performance was observed for CA. Simultaneous removal of the three compounds mixed in the same aqueous solution showed no significant differences in comparison to the removal of the isolated compounds in separate solutions, which indicates that no competitive sorption effects occurred at the highest concentrations tested. On the other hand, in wastewater medium the mixture of pharmaceuticals underwent a decrease in the sorbed amounts of all the three substances, probably due to the presence of dissolved organic matter which increases their solubilities. These compounds were removed in the following order of efficiencies in all the tested conditions: IB > CB > CA. The sorption kinetics were characterised by an initial fast step within the first 6 h, during which most of the removed pharmaceuticals amounts were sorbed. After the first 6 h, CA attained equilibrium concentrations whereas the sorption kinetics for IB and CB were characterised by two pseudo-second order stages, the first one up to 48 h and a slower one beyond 48 h. Shorter equilibration times and larger removed amounts of pharmaceuticals per unit weight of sorbent were observed in this study for granulated cork in comparison with a previously studied clay material (LECA). The results of this study showed the sorptive qualities of granulated cork but are only a first step in the evaluation of this material for use as support matrix in constructed wetlands designed for removal of pharmaceuticals from wastewaters.
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