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Articles by John A. Wagner
Total Records ( 4 ) for John A. Wagner
  Larissa A. Wenning , Evan J. Friedman , James T. Kost , Sheila A. Breidinger , Jon E. Stek , Kenneth C. Lasseter , Keith M. Gottesdiener , Joshua Chen , Hedy Teppler , John A. Wagner , Julie A. Stone and Marian Iwamoto
  Raltegravir is a novel human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase inhibitor with potent in vitro activity (95% inhibitory concentration of 31 nM in 50% human serum). This article reports the results of an open-label, sequential, three-period study of healthy subjects. Period 1 involved raltegravir at 400 mg twice daily for 4 days, period 2 involved tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) at 300 mg once daily for 7 days, and period 3 involved raltegravir at 400 mg twice daily plus TDF at 300 mg once daily for 4 days. Pharmacokinetic profiles were also determined in HIV-1-infected patients dosed with raltegravir monotherapy versus raltegravir in combination with TDF and lamivudine. There was no clinically significant effect of TDF on raltegravir. The raltegravir area under the concentration time curve from 0 to 12 h (AUC0-12) and peak plasma drug concentration (Cmax) were modestly increased in healthy subjects (geometric mean ratios [GMRs], 1.49 and 1.64, respectively). There was no substantial effect of TDF on raltegravir concentration at 12 h postdose (C12) in healthy subjects (GMR [TDF plus raltegravir-raltegravir alone], 1.03; 90% confidence interval [CI], 0.73 to 1.45), while a modest increase (GMR, 1.42; 90% CI, 0.89 to 2.28) was seen in HIV-1-infected patients. Raltegravir had no substantial effect on tenofovir pharmacokinetics: C24, AUC, and Cmax GMRs were 0.87, 0.90, and 0.77, respectively. Coadministration of raltegravir and TDF does not change the pharmacokinetics of either drug to a clinically meaningful degree. Raltegravir and TDF may be coadministered without dose adjustments.
  Matt S. Anderson , Thomas N. Kakuda , William Hanley , Jutta Miller , James T. Kost , Randall Stoltz , Larissa A. Wenning , Julie A. Stone , Richard M. W. Hoetelmans , John A. Wagner and Marian Iwamoto
  Etravirine, a next-generation nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, and raltegravir, an integrase strand transfer inhibitor, have separately demonstrated potent activity in treatment-experienced, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. An open-label, sequential, three-period study with healthy, HIV-seronegative subjects was conducted to assess the two-way interaction between etravirine and raltegravir for potential coadministration to HIV-infected patients. In period 1, 19 subjects were administered 400 mg raltegravir every 12 h (q12 h) for 4 days, followed by a 4-day washout; in period 2, subjects were administered 200 mg etravirine q12 h for 8 days; and in period 3, subjects were coadministered 400 mg raltegravir and 200 mg etravirine q12 h for 4 days. There was no washout between periods 2 and 3. Doses were administered with a moderate-fat meal. Etravirine had only modest effects on the pharmacokinetics of raltegravir, while raltegravir had no clinically meaningful effect on the pharmacokinetics of etravirine. For raltegravir coadministered with etravirine relative to raltegravir alone, the geometric mean ratio (GMR) and 90% confidence interval (CI) were 0.90 and 0.68 to 1.18, respectively, for the area under the concentration curve from 0 to 12 h (AUC0-12), 0.89 and 0.68 to 1.15, respectively, for the maximum concentration of drug in serum (Cmax), and 0.66 and 0.34 to 1.26, respectively, for the trough drug concentration (C12); the GMR (90% CI) for etravirine coadministered with raltegravir relative to etravirine alone was 1.10 (1.03, 1.16) for AUC0-12, 1.04 (0.97, 1.12) for Cmax, and 1.17 (1.10, 1.26) for C12. All drug-related adverse clinical experiences were mild and generally transient in nature. No grade 3 or 4 adverse experiences or discontinuations due to adverse experiences occurred. Coadministration of etravirine and raltegravir was generally well tolerated; the data suggest that no dose adjustment for either drug is necessary.
  Marian Iwamoto , Larissa A. Wenning , Amelia S. Petry , Martine Laethem , Marina De Smet , James T. Kost , Sheila A. Breidinger , Eric C. Mangin , Neal Azrolan , Howard E. Greenberg , Wouter Haazen , Julie A. Stone , Keith M. Gottesdiener and John A. Wagner
  Raltegravir is a novel human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) integrase strand transfer inhibitor with potent in vitro activity against HIV-1 (95% inhibitory concentration = 31 nM in 50% human serum). The possible effects of ritonavir and efavirenz on raltegravir pharmacokinetics were separately examined. Two clinical studies of healthy subjects were conducted: for ritonavir plus raltegravir, period 1, 400 mg raltegravir; period 2, 100 mg ritonavir every 12 h for 16 days with 400 mg raltegravir on day 14; for efavirenz plus raltegravir, period 1, 400 mg raltegravir; period 2, 600 mg efavirenz once daily for 14 days with 400 mg raltegravir on day 12. In the presence of ritonavir, raltegravir pharmacokinetics were weakly affected: the plasma concentration at 12 h (C12 h) geometric mean ratio (GMR) (90% confidence interval [CI]) was 0.99 (0.70, 1.40), area under the concentration-time curve from zero to infinity (AUC0-) was 0.84 (0.70, 1.01), and maximum concentration of drug in serum (Cmax) was 0.76 (0.55, 1.04). In the presence of efavirenz, raltegravir pharmacokinetics were moderately to weakly reduced: C12 h GMR (90% CI) was 0.79 (0.49, 1.28); AUC0- was 0.64 (0.52, 0.80); and Cmax was 0.64 (0.41, 0.98). There were no substantial differences in the time to maximum concentration of drug in plasma or the half-life. Plasma concentrations of raltegravir were not substantially affected by ritonavir. Though plasma concentrations of raltegravir were moderately to weakly reduced by efavirenz, the degree of this reduction was not clinically meaningful. No dose adjustment is required for raltegravir with coadministration with ritonavir or efavirenz.
  Eseng Lai , M. Gerard Waters , James R. Tata , Waldemar Radziszewski , Inna Perevozskaya , Wei Zheng , Larissa Wenning , Daniel T. Connolly , Graeme Semple , Amy O. Johnson-Levonas , John A. Wagner , Yale Mitchel and John F. Paolini
 

Background

Development of niacin-like agents that favorably affect lipids with an improved flushing profile would be beneficial.

Objective

To evaluate a niacin receptor partial agonist, MK-0354, in Phase I and II studies.

Methods

The pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic effects of single and multiple doses (7 days) of MK-0354 (300-4000 mg) were evaluated in two Phase I studies conducted in healthy men. A Phase II study assessed the effects of MK-0354 2.5 g once daily on lipids during 4 weeks in 66 dyslipidemic patients.

Results

MK-0354 single doses up to 4000 mg and multiple doses (7 days) up to 3600 mg produced robust dose-related reductions in free fatty acid (FFA) over 5 hours. Single doses of MK-0354 300 mg and extended release-niacin (Niaspan) 1 g produced comparable reductions in FFA. Suppression of FFA following 7 daily doses of MK-0354 was similar to that after a single dose. In the Phase II study, MK-0354 2.5 g produced little flushing but no clinically meaningful effects on lipids (placebo-adjusted percent change: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, 0.4%, 95% confidence interval −5.2 to 6.0; low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, −9.8%, 95% confidence interval −16.8 to −2.7; triglyceride, −5.8%, 95% confidence interval −22.6 to 11.9).

Conclusion

Treatment with MK-0354 for 7 days resulted in plasma FFA suppression with minimal cutaneous flushing. However, 4 weeks of treatment with MK-0354 failed to produce changes in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, or triglycerides.

 
 
 
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