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Articles by Jianyuan Luo
Total Records ( 2 ) for Jianyuan Luo
  Kai Li , Alex Casta , Rui Wang , Enerlyn Lozada , Wei Fan , Susan Kane , Qingyuan Ge , Wei Gu , David Orren and Jianyuan Luo
  Werner syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder associated with premature aging and cancer predisposition caused by mutations of the WRN gene. WRN is a member of the RecQ DNA helicase family with functions in maintaining genome stability. Sir2, an NAD-dependent histone deacetylase, has been proven to extend life span in yeast and Caenorhabditis elegans. Mammalian Sir2 (SIRT1) has also been found to regulate premature cellular senescence induced by the tumor suppressors PML and p53. SIRT1 plays an important role in cell survival promoted by calorie restriction. Here we show that SIRT1 interacts with WRN both in vitro and in vivo; this interaction is enhanced after DNA damage. WRN can be acetylated by acetyltransferase CBP/p300, and SIRT1 can deacetylate WRN both in vitro and in vivo. WRN acetylation decreases its helicase and exonuclease activities, and SIRT1 can reverse this effect. WRN acetylation alters its nuclear distribution. Down-regulation of SIRT1 reduces WRN translocation from nucleoplasm to nucleoli after DNA damage. These results suggest that SIRT1 regulates WRN-mediated cellular responses to DNA damage through deacetylation of WRN.
  Wei Fan and Jianyuan Luo
  Mutations in the RECQL4 helicase gene have been linked to Rothmund-Thomson syndrome, which is characterized by genome instability, cancer susceptibility, and premature aging. To better define the cellular function of the RecQ4 protein, we investigated the subcellular localization of RecQ4 upon treatment of cells with different DNA-damaging agents including UV irradiation, 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide, camptothecin, etoposide, hydroxyurea, and H2O2. We found that RecQ4 formed discrete nuclear foci specifically in response to UV irradiation and 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide. We demonstrated that functional RecQ4 was required for the efficient removal of UV lesions and could rescue UV sensitivity of RecQ4-deficient Rothmund-Thomson syndrome cells. Furthermore, UV treatment also resulted in the colocalization of the nuclear foci formed with RecQ4 and xeroderma pigmentosum group A in human cells. Consistently, RecQ4 could directly interact with xeroderma pigmentosum group A, and this interaction was stimulated by UV irradiation. By fractionating whole cell extracts into cytoplasmic, soluble nuclear, and chromatin-bound fractions, we observed that RecQ4 protein bound more tightly to chromatin upon UV irradiation. Taken together, our findings suggest a role of RecQ4 in the repair of UV-induced DNA damages in human cells.
 
 
 
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