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Articles by Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva
Total Records ( 36 ) for Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva
  Mas Ernawati Hamdan , Norsida Man , Sulaiman Md. Yassin , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main purpose of this study is to discuss the sensitivity of farmers living in the Cameron Highlands towards the changing climate. This is a qualitative study in which a focus group discussion was conducted by 4 researchers from Universiti Putra Malaysia with 4 farmers from the Cameron Highlands, Pahang. The Cameron Highlands is one of the main agricultural areas and tourist attractions in Malaysia. However in recent years, the changing climate has brought threats to the environment, ecology and agricultural products, thereby negatively affecting socio-economic aspects relating to farmersin the area. From the analysis performed, it can be confirmed that Cameron Highlands farmers have realized that environmental changes are occurring in the region and also recognize the disastrous impacts that the changing climate is having on their agricultural activities. Based on the findings, it is recommended that the appropriate parties strictly monitor and observe any illegal environment-related activities.
  Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Jegak Uli and Bahaman Abu Samah
  Problem statement: Agriculture has been proved to be a significant impetus for development in Malaysia. Agriculture offers a number of profitable activities, contract farming is one of it and it is still in infancy stage. Besides being a developed sector in Malaysia, it still has a number of problems to be solved. Gender issue is one of it. Gender issue in agriculture has become more crucial these days. To sustain the agriculture sector especially contract farming, an equal level of acceptance, attitude and knowledge towards contract farming should be gained between male and female. Approach: This study investigated whether male and female have any difference on acceptance, attitude and knowledge towards contract farming. Data was gained through a survey questionnaire on 400 male and female youth who are currently studying in various tertiary institutions throughout Malaysia. For the purpose of analyses, PASW software was used where descriptive and inferential analyses were employed. Results: Male and female youth were found to have a good and positive level on acceptance, attitude and knowledge towards contract farming. Based on the independent t-test done, male and female youth possessed equal level of acceptance, attitude and knowledge towards contract farming. Conclusion/Recommendations: Results gained bring us to the conclusion that contract farming has a huge potential to attract youth to be part of agriculture community. To transform this potential agricultural method to a reality, more promotion, exposure and information on contract farming should be given to the youth. It was recommended that related agriculture agencies, Department of Women Development and agriculture related universities to take the responsibilities of exposing contract farming activities to the youth in Malaysia.
  Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril , Jegak Uli and Bahaman Abu Samah
  Problem statement: Contract farming is one of the agriculture branches that is ready to be discovered for its huge potential and it is perceived as a new dimension which offers agricultural sustainability. But do the youth as the pillar of this sector do accept agriculture? Thus, this study would like to discover factors that affect acceptance of youth towards contract farming in Malaysia. Approach: This is a quantitative study using a survey form. Data was gathered from 400 undergraduates studying in various tertiary institutions and were analyzed using the PASW software. The data collection process took two months to be completed. Results: Results depict that the respondents studied have a high and positive acceptance towards contract farming. Based on the analysis performed, factors of attitude, knowledge and belief are significant predictors of acceptance towards contract farming. Conclusion/Recommendations: It is believed that the findings of this study would add new perspective on understanding the complexities associated with agricultural sustainability among youth. Results gained provide a sign for policy makers to utilize education as a tool to increase youths’ positive attitude towards farming. Based on the results it is recommended that more specific courses related to contract farming can be exposed at the tertiary level in order to enhance youth’s awareness and acceptance towards contract farming. Eventually, this would set the direction into getting more youth to be involved in innovative farming activities and in the end it would make agriculture to be attractive and maintain its sustainability.
  Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Norsida Man , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril and Bahaman Abu Samah
  Problem statement: Agriculture for numerous years has been a source of income generator that offered wide opportunities for employment and enhancing the socio-economic status of mankind in many countries. Without doubt acceptance of agricultural sustainable practices will bring much benefit to the farming community especially in the long run to overcome the scarcity of resources and continuous income. Aim of this study was to determine contract farming entrepreneurs’ acceptance of sustainable agricultural practices and the issues involved in their level of acceptance. Approach: This is a qualitative study and the data was collected from a focus group discussion on seven contract farming entrepreneurs in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia. The researchers played the role as the instrument during the data collection process and an interview guide assisted researchers to obtain objectives of the study. Data obtained from the respondents was recorded and eventually transformed into verbatim transcripts for the process of data analysis. Results: It was identified that contract farming entrepreneurs have a sound knowledge on sustainable agricultural practices and they belief it is vital for mankind. However, their level of acceptance is still not significant as they perceive that they still need much support from the relevant agriculture agencies. Conclusion/Recommendation: It is suggested that all concerned parties should make the necessary sacrifices and put in more effort in ensuring that contract farming entrepreneurs will eventually embrace sustainable agricultural practices that will bring benefit to the present and future generations.
  Musa Abu Hassan , Bahaman Abu Samah , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril and Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva
  Problem statement: Rural development through ICT has been the focus of the Malaysian government. ICT is an important tool nowadays and in order to be a developed community, the community especially those in the rural areas must use it wisely. Besides the numerous benefits offered by the ICT, it would be helpful to know whether the rural community especially their leaders which are the Village Development and Security Committee (JKKK) members use ICT or not. Approach: This is a quantitative study and the respondents were selected based on the simple random sampling. A total of 240 JKKK members from four states in Peninsular Malaysia were selected as the respondents. A questionnaire was used to gather the data needed. Results: Results obtained revealed that their attitude towards ICT usage was moderate. Further analyses using Independent t-test and ANOVA have identified that the factor of position held and level of education have significant difference with attitude towards ICT usage. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation performed have confirmed that the factors of period of using a computer in a week, period of using internet in a week and income per month have a positive and significant relationship with attitude towards ICT usage. On the other hand, the factors of period of staying in the Village Vision Movement and age have a negative and significant relationship with attitude towards ICT usage. Conclusion/Recommendation: It is recommended that ICT seminars and courses can be conducted to expose and train the JKKK members to be more competent in using ICT. Increasing the number of ICT centers in the community would provide more opportunity for JKKK members to learn more about ICT. These recommendations should be targeted to JKKK members in the lower management level, lower education, lower income, elderly and members who do not use computer and internet.
  Bahaman Abu Samah , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril and Jegak Uli
  Problem statement: The government’s effort in enhancing agriculture productivity cannot be argued. The introduction of contract farming is one of the ways. Contract farming includes a number of new agriculture activities such as leech rearing, worm rearing, vanilla farming, herbs, catfish and many more. However, is the youth who are the pillar of this industry have a positive attitude towards it? This was the main objective of this study, to investigate the attitude of Malaysian agriculture institution students toward contract farming and factors that affect it. Approach: This was a quantitative study and data was gathered through a survey questionnaire. A total of 194 respondents from two main agriculture learning institutions in Malaysia were selected through a simple random sampling. The data collection took almost two months to be completed. Results: As expected, the study revealed that the Malaysian agriculture institution students have a high level of attitude towards contract farming. Further analysis through multiple regression analysis informed us that three factors which are acceptance, support and knowledge are significant predictors of youths’ attitude towards contract farming. Conclusion: In order to enhance the attitude of youth towards contract farming, exposure to contract farming among the youth should be doubled and a specific course on contract farming can be introduced. Besides, establishing contract farming youth club can be introduced.
  Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Adriana Ortega and Abdul Hadi Sulaiman
  Background: Although several scholars found that team effectiveness was damaged as a result of task conflict in organizational settings, the need to recognize the critical attributes to resolve task conflict and get the team back to working effectively is pertinent. In this study, it was assessed how task conflict is related to team effectiveness. Furthermore, it was conceptualized how task interdependence and personality moderates the relationship between task conflicts related to team effectiveness. Methodology: The study used stratified random sampling with a sample size of 275 Malaysian university researchers. The Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) analysis was performed. Results: The results showed that task interdependence moderated the relationship between task conflicts and team effectiveness. Regarding to the moderating effect of personality traits, the results of this study also suggest that task conflict was less negatively related to team effectiveness with higher levels of personality traits. This study remarks important information on the interactive effect of personal and task interdependence in task-conflict and team effectiveness at higher institutions levels to help to address the issue of conflict task in teams. The results in this study have practical implications for practitioners, who should pay attention to task interdependence and personality traits and well-being of staff. Conclusion: It was identified that the most effective individuals across a variety of teams may be those who can accurately assess the expectations of peers and who can adjust their initiating interdependence behavior accordingly. The article is a novel contribution in developing team effectiveness among university researchers. Based on the results managerial suggestions and future study direction were underlined.
  Jamilah Othman , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Kabeer Abdullahi Mohammed
  The purpose of the study was to investigate the determinants of leadership styles and organizational commitment among top management across a range of organizations in Malaysia by utilizing Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) to measure transformational and transactional leadership styles. The research also utilized organizational commitment instrument developed by the researchers to measure organizational commitment. Simple random sampling technique was used to draw up the respondents consisting of 379 administrative employees and their supervisors in selected organizations in Malaysia. The result of correlation analysis revealed that the independent variables were statistically significant at 0.01 level of significance with organizational commitment. Besides, the result of multiple linear regression indicated that individualized consideration, management-by-exception and inspirational motivation were the significant predictors. Organizations need transformational and transactional leaders to be able to achieve their mission and vision. Therefore, organizations that have the capacity to change their top management approach to leadership styles will gain substantial support from their employees thereby increasing organizational commitment and performance among them.
  Mahazan Muhammad , Azimi Hamzah , Sulaiman Md. Yassin , Bahaman Abu Samah , Neda Tiraieyari , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main attempt of this study is to explore the socio-economic impacts of agro-tourism activity of fishing communities in Malaysia. As many studies with regard to tourism are placing their focus on tourism in general, less has been placed on agro-tourism and the expected findings from this study can fill the existing gap. This is a quantitative study where data were gained through developed questionnaires. A total of 880 respondents from eight Desa Wawasan Nelayan villages had been selected randomly. Findings have confirmed that agro-tourism activities were able to increase villagers’ income, provide employment opportunities and increase demand for local products. Albeit its advantages were economic, it can be concluded that agro-tourism activities embolden healthy relationships within the community while at the same time uplifting their quality of life.
  Abdul Hadi Sulaiman , Jamilah Othman , Inon Beydha Lukman and Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva
  This study discusses the intercultural conflict communication management strategies between Indonesian Foreign Domestic Helpers (FDH) and Malaysian Malay employers. This comparison study were using a quantitative survey (Questionnaire) and was conducted in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. About 200 people (Employers and FDHs) were selected as the respondents through convenience sampling technique and referral chain. The findings of the study showed that both employers and FDH engaged in practiced low context communication and also two-way communicationpatterns among each other. Whereas for the intercultural conflict communication management strategies, the employers and Indonesian FDHs engaged more on integration strategies. This study proposes that employers and FDHs could strive together to identify, respective cultures and learn to understand each other’s culture in order to find conflict communication management strategies that would bring harmony in their relationships in fulfilling the expectations of both parties in terms of work demand.
  Oladipo Kolapo Sakiru , Jamilah Othman , Abu Daud Silong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Salami Dada Kareem
  With the advent of information and communication technology and globalization, there is a pressing need to develop a better understanding on leadership theories and performance in organizations that would enable organizations not only to survive but more importantly to advance and prosper. The focus of this study is to identify the best style of leadership theory for a better performance in an organization. Earlier studies on leadership theories and performances in organizations were analysed and these are the data for this present study. The conclusion garnered from the literature showed that transformational leadership style is deemed as the best style for organizational performance due to an ever increasing support of this theory in numerous studies.
  Jusang Bolong , Siti Zobidah Omar , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Musa Abu Hassan
  As been profited by other industries, the evolution on ICTs has raised its impacts on the fisheries industries. Realizing the impacts, there is abundance of international studies that try to seek the association between ICTs usage and fishermen income. Nonetheless, reverse situation is found in Malaysia where there are still few local studies that place their interest on such association and the main attempt of this study is to investigate the relationship and the contribution of ICT usage towards fishermen income in Malaysia. This is quantitative study where questionnaire was used to gather the required data. A total of 400 registered fishermen from four fisheries districts in Malaysia have been randomly selected as the respondents. Based on the analysis employed, it can be seen that usage of sonar, echo sounder and radar are related to the fishermen income. In addition, further analysis has confirmed that these three tools are contributing towards fishermen income. To encourage ICTs usage among fishermen, it is recommended that the fishermen should be provided with ICT seminars and courses, supports such as financial, accessibility and services. Apart from this, selected behavioral factors should be taken into consideration while implementing strategies with regard to fishermen ICT usage.
  Raidah Mazuki , Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Musa Abu Hassan and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The focus of this study is to examine whether socio-economic factors (age, income per month, level of education, days spent at sea, fishermen category and experience as a fisherman) influence behavioral intention regarding the usage of mobile phones among fishermen in Pangkor Island. A total of 250 questionnaires were given to fishermen on the island. For the purposes of analyses, descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage and mean were employed. Further analysis using independent t-test and Pearson product moment correlation were also performed to determine any significant differences and relationships arising. The results confirm that fishermen in Pangkor Island have favorable behavioral intentions towards mobile phone usage. Further analysis reveals that fishermen with different levels of education possess different behavioral intentions towards mobile phone usage. It can be noted that the factors of age and days spent at sea recorded significant and negative relationships with behavioral intention towards mobile phone usage. A number of discussions are conducted and these can be used by students, researchers and government officers for further studies within the field.
  Jamaliah Abdul Hamid , Neda Tiraieyari and Jeffrey Lawrence D`silva
  As students approach the end of their academic studies in universities, they begin to position themselves in relation to and develop identities around, their future research and employability. They reflect on their personal agency, motivation and personal dispositions in helping them to be assimilated in future labour market. This qualitative study examines students’ perceptions, attitudes and orientations to the labour market and how they begin to make sense of their own futures in the labour market. The issue of being employable from the point of view of students is being integrated into and sustaining positions within, the labour market. This study takes off from an exploration into the holistic context of the student’s social environment and their own personal dispositions that eventually influenced their conceptualization of employability and employability orientation.
  Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , HayrolAzril Mohamed Shaffril , Bahaman Abu Samah and Jegak Uli
  Climate change has a tremendous impact on the livelihood of fishermen as it is poised to affect the sustainability of the fisheries industry. Thus, there is a need for the fisherfolk to possess adequate adaptation capacity to lessen the negative impact due to climate change. The main purpose of this study is to assess the level of social adaptation capacity of Malaysian fishermen to climate change and to seek the association between social adaptation capacity and selected socio-demographic factors. This is a quantitative study whereby data was collected from 300 registered fishermen in Malaysia. The sampling technique used was stratified random sampling and data was obtained through a face-to-face interview. Based on the results gained, it showed that the respondents were having a very high level of social adaptation capacity. In terms of association, the study found that there is a significant difference between social adaptation capacity and the factors of age groups and income. The study recommends that the local fishermen need to be given adequate training and financial support so that they will be mentally and financially prepared to face the calamities of climate change.
  Abdul Hadi Sulaiman , Suffian Sulaiman , Jamilah Othman , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Bahaman Abu Samah and Aliyu Yero
  Rakan COP (Community Oriented Policing) invites the public to become friends of the police through interactive information sharing program. The purpose of this study is to understand the implementation and also the effectiveness of the Rakan COP program developed by Royal Malaysia Police with the aim of maintaining peace and reducing public fear of crime in the Malaysia. Two specific objectives were formed as follows (a) to identify the effectiveness level of the Rakan COP Program and (b) to determine the socio-demographic differences in the effectiveness of the Rakan COP. The questionnaire was adapted based on previous studies in program effectiveness. A total of 384 Rakan COP members in Kuala Lumpur were chosen by cluster sampling techniques based on the characteristics recommended by the Kuala Lumpur Police Contingent Head Quarters. The findings showed that the Rakan COP member provides an excellent assessment towards the effectiveness of the program. However, all socio-demographic factors shows there is no significant different among factors towards the effectiveness of Rakan COP program.
  Kamal Chandra Paul , Azimi Hamzah , Bahaman Abu Samah , Ismi Arif Ismail and Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva
  Immense technology is used to enhance productivity and profit in herbal entrepreneurship. However, the implementation of technology is deemed to be lacking among Malay herbal entrepreneurs in Malaysia. Thus, the aim of this study was to identify factors that hinder rural Malay herbal entrepreneurs from using technology. A qualitative approach using case study in-depth interview was used to gather data from eight respondents who are actively involved in herbal entrepreneurship. The data revealed that most of the rural Malay herbal entrepreneurs are small in scale and they are lagging far behind in technology usage. Further analysis showed that technical specialist, capital and operational problems are barriers of technology usage among Malay herbal entrepreneurship. The study suggests that a combination of factors that include the role of government, family members, financial and human resources are pertinent in supporting extensive usage of technology among Malay herbal entrepreneurs.
  Abdul Hadi Sulaiman , Jamilah Othman , Bahaman Abu Samah , Aliyu Yero , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Adriana Ortega
  Understanding the factors that influence community participation in neighbourhood is vital in developing a successful community policing program in Malaysia. The aim of this study is to highlight the factors that influence participation of community using the socio-ecological model. Five factors were identified and they are individual, community, organizational and governmental factors. The findings helped in developing a conceptual model that could serve as an useful resource for future study.
  Seyedali Ahrari , Jamilah Othman , Salleh Hassan , Bahaman Abu Samah and Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva
  Active citizenship is a way of development greater young citizen responsibility. It is a combination of obligations and responsibilities through involvement in civic issues. Be an active citizen need new ways of educating students which are different from traditional learning methods. Active learning method derived from learned-centred approaches stress more on students as intelligent entities rather than just receivers. Employing methods of active learning in citizenship education has some obstacles but the advantages are greater than passive ways of learning.
  Siti Zobidah Omar , Nizam Osman , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main aim of this study is to identify the individual factors that might impinge young (aged between 15-40 years old) fishermen’s readiness to use Global Positioning Systems (GPS) at sea. The study was quantitative in nature and via a multi-stage simple-random sampling, a total of 240 young fishermen from four selected fishing districts have been selected as the respondents. In general, the young fishermen were moderately ready to use the GPS at sea. The inferential analyses performed have confirmed that the factors of education level and catchment area have recorded significant difference with readiness for GPS usage while factors of age and number of crew members have recorded a positive and significant relationship with readiness for GPS usage. A number of recommendations have been discussed and it is hoped that such recommendations will assist the relevant parties in developing strategies to enhance usage of fishing technologies among fishermen in Malaysia-particularly the younger ones.
  Raidah Mazuki , Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  Rural library in Malaysia is purposively built to combat illiteracy and enhance knowledge possesion among the rural community which is important in order for them to cope with the demand of globalization. The source of the library information is expected to change the lifestyle of the local community. This conceptual study suggests the potential impingement factors for reading habits at the rural library in Malaysia. Based on the document analyses performed, various potential factors that impinge the reading habits at the rural library are identified namely place and the building, adequacy of tools and the librarian. A number of discussion have been placed and it is a hope, such discussion can assist to further cultivate reading habits among the community particularly among those who settle in the rural areas.
  Ahmad Zairy Mohd. Soieb , Jamilah Othman and Jeffrey Lawrence D`silva
  The purpose of this study is to analyse employee engagement and leadership styles and to seek the influence of collaboration as a mediating factor. This is a quantitative study and the data were collected through a questionnaire that was distributed to 400 respondents from the government officers who are working in the ministries level in Federal Territory of Putrajaya. Two hundred forty three responded to the given questionnaire. The data was then analysed using structural equation modelling. The major results of this study are: (1) There is a significant effects of leadership styles on collaboration (2) There is a significant effects of collaboration on employee engagement and (3) Collaboration mediates the relationship between leadership styles and employee engagement. The present study has a significant impact to the body of knowledge on employee engagement.
  Jamaliah Abdul Hamid and Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva
  The social contexts of youth in different levels of the education system contain some differences. Youths in school are very much influenced by family orientations and peers towards work and work choices, whereas youths in colleges and universities gain wider exposure through socialization with fellow students and lecturers, administrators, external agents and through their involvement in a variety of campus activities. The exposure to different role sets and role models may engender differential influence on work values of students in schools and at universities. Although there are some researches of work values of adolescents, there are not many researches that compares youth work values across different age groups in school and university contextual settings. Yet this gap in knowledge is important if we are to examine the patterns of work values formation across different age levels and social-educational settings. This study aims to fill the gap in the knowledge of the formation of patterns of work values emerging amongst youths who are in the school setting, in comparison to those who have entered college and universities in Malaysia.
  Jusang Bolong , Siti Zobidah Omar , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main attempt of this study is to identify the social influence among the youth that might impinge them to go and use the rural library services offered at their areas. This was a quantitative study where a developed questionnaire was used in the data collection process. The study was conducted at Johor, Terengganu, Kedah and Perak and involves a total of 400 rural youth aged between 15-40 years old. The analysis performed that all of the social sources listed recorded a high level of mean score whereby good communication with rural library staffs recorded the highest mean score while encouragement from village leaders recorded the lowest mean score. A number of recommendations were placed and hoped that such recommendations can assist the concerned parties in constructing strategic planning for rural library development.
  Naresh Kumar , Raduan Che Rose and Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva
  The growing body of literature associated with educational computer use had examined numerous variables and interrelationships in order to gain a better understanding of computer beliefs and use of computers within education. Teachers’ computer acceptance is an important factor to the successful use of computers in education. Thus it is significant to draw attention to the factors affecting teachers’ computer use and its implications to teachers’ professional development strategies. This article would be useful for future researchers who are seeking directions to further examine the determinants of computer technology acceptance and its utilization based on the technology acceptance model.
  Jegak Uli , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril and Bahaman Abu Samah
  Problem statement: Agriculture sector in Malaysia has been intensified through the Eight and Ninth Malaysian Plan. In order to further develop this sector, contract farming activities such as leech rearing, worm rearing, herbs and mushroom have been introduced to the community. But do the communities especially the youth have a positive acceptance towards this activity? Approach: This was a quantitative study. The respondents were among two agriculture learning institutions in Malaysia. From a simple random sampling, a total of 194 respondents were selected. The data collection took two months to be completed. Results: From the multiple linear regression employed, it can be concluded that attitude, belief and knowledge are the significant contributor for acceptance towards contract farming. Conclusion/Recommendation: It is recommended that more studies can be conducted to inspect the complexities related with youths participation in contract farming and special attention should be highlighted to identify what universities can do in strategizing specific agricultural courses that would motivate youth to possess a better acceptance towards contract farming.
  Musa Abu Hassan , Bahaman Abu Samah , HayrolAzril Mohamed Shaffril and Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva
  ICT projects in Malaysia have been one of the impetuses for achieving development in this country. Parallel with the ICT development in Malaysia, ICT usage among the Malaysian has increased significantly. Nonetheless, things are different in the rural areas where past studies have shown that ICT usage among the rural community in Malaysia is still discouraging. Albeit this fact are the same situation can be identified among the village administrators and what are the factors that impinge their ICT usage? Purportedly, as the leaders of the rural community they should use ICT in order to encourage the rural community to use ICT. This quantitative study used questionnaire to gather information. Through a multi-stage random sampling, a total of 240 village administrators from four states in Peninsular Malaysia have been selected as the respondents. In general, ICT has been used moderately among the village administrators. All of seven factors of Extended Technology Acceptance Model studied have been detected to be positively and significantly related with ICT usage while self-efficacy was identified as the main contributor towards ICT usage. A number of recommendations and discussions have been highlighted and expectantly it can aid the concern parties and policy makers in drawing plans for strengthening the ICT usage among the rural community leaders.
  Oladipo Kolapo Sakiru , Jamilah Othman , Azahari Ismail , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Salami Dada Kareem
  Better understanding need to be developed on leadership theories and management performance in organization. The main aim of this study is to identify best styles of leadership that can raise management performance in an organization. Data for this current study were obtained from previous literature on leadership theories and management performance in organizations. From the literature review of previous studies, it was concluded that for better management performance in organizations, transformational leadership styles is highly needed because many literature are in support of this leadership style.
  Siti Zobidah Omar , Nizam Osman , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main attempt of this study is to investigate the problems associated with the use by young fishermen in Malaysia of the Global Positioning System (GPS). This study is quantitative in nature and involved a total of 240 respondents who were young fishermen aged between 15 and 40 years. Individuals financial capacity to buy GPS was the main problem detected while the respondents also raised their concerns about a lack of GPS training programs, courses, seminars and promotional initiatives to further encourage the use of GPS within their fishing operations. The main recommendation made was to provide a technology subsidy to those who show an interest in buying GPS while additional funding should be allocated by the relevant parties to hold any programs, seminars, courses or promotional initiatives that can further encourage young fishermen in Malaysia to use advanced technology in their fishing operations.
  Zaim Fahmi Mohamed Yusof , Nurani Kamaruddin , Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The main purpose of this study is to determine Malaysian coastal communities gratification towards weather information via television. The study was a quantitative study where a developed instrument was used as the main data collection tool. Through, multi-stage simple random sampling, a total of 210 coastal villagers from 3 coastal areas in Malaysia were selected as the respondents. The findings demonstrate that there was a gap between the weather information received and the weather information needed by the respondents, as well as a gap between the weather information received and the weather information believed. A number of discussions are highlighted in this study in the hope that they can assist the appropriate parties in generating the best strategy for information sharing and dissemination processes among the coastal communities.
  Seyedali Ahrari , Jamilah Bt. Othman , Md. Salleh Hassan , Bahaman Abu Samah and Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva
  This study investigates youth civic development in the Malaysian higher education context. The findings described in this study represent the preliminary data obtained through the pre-test procedure. This pre-test study used a sample of 40 undergraduate students in Kualalumpur, Selangor State. Civic disposition recorded the highest mean score; nevertheless, the intensity investedin civic disposition can not support students in reinforcing their civic engagement as this construct showed the lowest mean score. The results discussed only prove the preliminary findings, although the results are expected to represent a possible prediction of what the actual data will be.
  Jamaliah Abdul Hamid and Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva
  Youths in universities gain wide exposure through socialization with peers and lecturers and involvement in a variety of campus activities. The exposure to different role sets and role models foster leadership attributes and leadership motivation that may influence their future career aspirations. Efficacy and socio cognitive theories have shown how efficacy beliefs may persuade individuals to believe in their ability to perform in specific functional domains. If this is the case, there is some probability that leadership efficacy beliefs might orient students to be drawn to specific types of work that enable them to enact their leadership abilities. This study examines the premise of this hypothetical assumption amongst 711 Malaysian undergraduates in four public universities. Leadership attributes is measured by leadership skills and motivation while career choice used Schein’s career anchor typology. Results indicated that leadership attributes and motivation do indeed predict choice of certain careers over others.
  Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  This study attempts to determine the patterns of Wireless Village Internet services among rural communities in Malaysia. This quantitative study used a developed questionnaire as the main data-collection instrument. A total of 400 villagers from the four districts in Malaysia were selected as the respondents. The analysis reveals that most of the respondents are new users of the service; however, most of them are considered heavy users. Understandably, the respondents use wireless village services for three main purposes, namely web surfing, seeking the latest information (politics, crime, sports, current issues) and social media. A number of discussion points are highlighted and it is hoped that this will act as a basis for strategy development among concerned parties so as to further enhance the quality of wireless village services.
  Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Samsul Farid Shamsuddin , Raidah Mazuki and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  The present study aims to identify the quality of the rural library service in Malaysia. The study is qualitative in nature whereby the data were gathered via three focus group discussions. In general, the data reflect that the majority of rural library services are delivered to the rural community to a high quality. Nevertheless, there are some issues such as a lack of updated educational materials, internet connection and signage as well as lack of interests among young users that need to be taken into consideration. A number of discussions have been highlighted which it is hoped will assist those concerned in constructing strategies to further enhance the quality and effectiveness of Malaysia’s rural library services.
  Mahazan Muhammad , Azimi Hamzah , Sulaiman Md. Yassin , Bahaman Abu Samah , Neda Tiraieyari , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva and Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril
  Tourism industry was growing rapidly in Malaysia and has been important contributor to the economy. Many types of tourism industry have been created in Malaysia since it has a unique culture and natural beauty as a tourist attraction. Agro-tourism in coastal villages is one of the new product of tourism to stimulate economic growth in rural community especially among fishermen community. This type of agro-tourism use the environment for tourism resources. Hence, this study is concerned with the environmental impacts of agro-tourism activities in coastal villages listed as Desa Wawasan Nelayan in Malaysia. This is a quantitative study where data were gained through developed questionnaires. Sampling was conducted in 10 fishermen villages in peninsular Malaysia. Finding in this study indicates that the environments of the coastal community in fishermen villages are still natural, protected and not be a negative issue due to the deterioration of agro-tourism program.
  Samsul Farid Samsuddin , Siti Zobidah Omar , Jusang Bolong , Jeffrey Lawrence D`Silva , Hayrol Azril Mohamed Shaffril and Raidah Marzuki
  This study aims to identify the pattern of rural library usage among rural youth in Malaysia. Data for the study were collected via questionnaires and based on a multi-stage cluster sampling, a total of 400 villagers from four districts in Malaysia was selected as the respondents. The analysis performed confirms that the majority of rural library visitors were mainly students and housewives and it was discovered that the internet services offered by the rural libraries were fully utilised by rural youth. Based on the results, it was be concluded that the rural library remains relevant to the rural communities for local development and could ensue as a centre for lifelong learning. It was the researcher’s hope that this study could assist the concerned parties in their decision making whether to upgrade or maintain the rural libraries for the purpose of future community development and continue to contribute to the the local communities.
 
 
 
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