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Articles by Jasni Mohamad Zain
Total Records ( 3 ) for Jasni Mohamad Zain
  Jasni Mohamad Zain , Abdul Rani M. Fauzi and Azian A. Aziz
  Problem statement: Digital watermarking provides security to medical images. Watermarking in Region Of Interest (ROI) however distorts medical images but it is known that the resulting loss of fidelity is visually imperceptible. Approach: Clinical assessment will objectively evaluate the distortion on medical images to see whether or not medical diagnosis is altered. We used 75 medical images consisting of x-rays, ultrasound and CT scans. Digital watermarking was inserted in ROI and ROI/Region Of Non Interest (RONI) in all of them. Three assessors were randomly assigned 225 images, each receiving 75, a mixture of watermarked and non watermarked images. Results: Chi square test was used and p<0.05 was considered significant. There was no significant difference between original images and those watermarked in ROI or ROI/RONI. There was no comment on image quality in all the images assessed. Conclusion/Recommendations: Digital watermarking does not alter medical diagnosis when assessed by clinical radiologists. The quality of the watermarked images was also unchanged.
  Siau-Chuin Liew and Jasni Mohamad Zain
  Problem statement: Medical images such as x-rays, ultrasounds and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) plays an important role in helping the physicians to diagnose a disease or body conditions. These images can be tampered with existing image processing tools that is easily available. The usage of security measures such as watermarking can protect the integrity of the images. Numerous watermarking schemes with basic security functions and even tampered image recovery are available. But there is no research on the experimentation of watermarking in the operational environment that involves Picture Archiving and Communication Systems (PACS). Approach: This study focused on the experiment of selected watermarking scheme running in a simulated Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) compliant PACS environment. A tamper detection and recovery watermarking was applied to an ultrasound image. Image will then be transferred to another computer within the PACS. Transferred and non-transferred image were tampered in the exact manner. The effectiveness of the watermarking scheme is known by comparing its recovery rates between these two tampered images. Results: The result showed that both transferred and non-transferred image had the recovery rates of 100% and recovered areas were identical. Conclusion: The result of the experiment showed that the selected watermarking scheme remains effective in a PACS environment. Further development is needed for a program that embeds watermark into images before it is sent to the PACS archive server for storage. The watermarking scheme tested needs to be further improved to be reversible for better implementation in PACS.
  Mohammed Adam Ibrahim Fakheraldien , Jasni Mohamad Zain and Norrozila Sulaiman
  Problem statement: In this study, we propose a middleware that provides a transformation utility for storing and querying XML data in relational databases using model mapping method. Approach: To store XML documents in RDBMS, several mapping approaches can be used. We chose structure independent approach. In this middleware the model mapping method XParent and free of cost available technologies MYSQL, PhpMyAdmin and PHPclasses are used as examples. Results: This middleware stores XML tables and does not require a direct extension of SQL thus this middleware can be used with any relational databases management system with little changes in the middleware interface. The middleware offers two alternative methods -namely XParent and XReal- for storing XML in the database. Conclusion: The key to proposed middleware is to store XML document in a relational database through a user interface and with an XPath query processor. We present a comparative experimental study on the performance of insertion and retrieval of two types of XML documents with a set of XPath queries executed though the XPath. XML and Relational databases cannot be kept separately because XML is becoming the universal standard data format for the representation and exchanging the information whereas most existing data lies in RDBMS and their power of data capabilities cannot be degraded so the solution to this problem a middleware prototype is required. The proposed schema dependent solutions have a drawback that evens a small change in the logical structure of XML documents influence on the database schemas and several problems occur during the updating process. A new efficient data middleware is proposed in the study to face these issues.
 
 
 
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