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Articles by Jamaluddin Md Jahi
Total Records ( 4 ) for Jamaluddin Md Jahi
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Abdul Samad Hadi , Jamaluddin Md Jahi , Abdul Hadi Harman Shah , Sham Sani and Ghazali Yusoff
  The international environmental governance and law scholars suggested that interest approach might influence in the early negotiations of creating Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs). Moreover, the existence of interest approach would lead for international environmental collaborations by promoting the principle of transboundary liability, subsequently influence in the early negotiations of creating MEAs, which include the Montreal Protocol. The Montreal Protocol has managed to seek international environmental collaboration among almost all of the nations in the world, which made the Montreal Protocol become a successful one. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study is to explain the influence of interest approach that promotes the principle of transboundary liability in the international environmental governance and law on regards of the Montreal Protocol’s early negotiations and the relations of the interstates participation response. Meanwhile, the methods of this study are based on qualitative set up, which is based on the meetings’ proceeding reports of the Montreal Protocol. Finally, the results potentially provide with better understanding of the influence of interest approach in promoting the principle of transboundary liability in order to lead for further development and expansion of the rules on international environmental governance and law for achieving the global environmental protection goals.
  H.M. Rusli Zaina , Muhammad Rizal Razman and Jamaluddin Md Jahi
  Interest approach which concerns with costs and benefits would lead for environmental co-operations that plays an important role in urban sustainability by promoting the precautionary principle. The used of the precautionary principle to the area of urban sustainability, largely in response to the necessity of every each individual state to protect their rights and interests in order to safeguard the environment in urban area. Therefore, this study will examine the used of the interest approach which concerns with costs and benefits which promote the precautionary principle in relation to the urban sustainability from the legal perspectives; identify actions which deal with the protection for the human habitat and environment as well as a tool for the achievement in sustainable development in urban area.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Azrina Azlan , Jamaluddin Md Jahi , Kadir Arifin , Kadaruddin Aiyub , Zahan Awang and Z.M. Lukman
  Agenda 21 based on parts 19.1 and 19.11 highlighted that there are thousands of chemical substances in the world market, a lot of which emerge as poison and toxin in business goods, food and the variety of environmental medium especially in urban area. This has shown that chemical substances bestow awful impact to the environment which includes urban area. Therefore, this study will classify the relevant Malaysian laws on environmental management that managed chemical substances particularly in urban area in order to achieve urban sustainability. This study also has become aware of that there is no specific law in Malaysia that governed the environmental management on chemical substances. However, there are several laws that regulate the environmental management of chemical substances in different area such as the Environmental Quality Act 1974. The Environmental Quality Act, 1974 is related to the control of chemical substances in air and hazardous wastes whilst the Food Act, 1983 controlling chemical substances in the products and goods in the food industry. As for the Occupational Safety and Health Act, 1994 is on regards chemical substances in the occupational environment and meanwhile the Pesticides Act, 1974 to control chemical substances in pesticides. Meanwhile the management of these laws is not the responsible of a single government ministry. Different government ministries may enforce the laws relevant to the operation of that ministry. Hence, the Environmental Quality Act, 1974 is the responsible of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the Occupational Safety and Health Act, 1994 is by the Ministry of Human Resources whilst the Food Act, 1983 is by the Ministry of Health and as for the Pesticides Act, 1974 under the supervision and administration of the Ministry of Agriculture and Agro-based Industry. Finally this study has concluded that Malaysia has a sufficient laws in which may adequately control chemical substances in various life cycles as to comply with international law particularly in urban area in order to achieve urban sustainability.
  Muhammad Rizal Razman , Abdul Samad Hadi , Jamaluddin Md Jahi , Abdul Hadi Harman Shah , Sham Sani and Ghazali Yusoff
  Global environmental governance and law principles provide the focal framework for global collaboration along with the global community in order to safeguard Mother Nature at the national, regional and global levels. At each level, the conscientiousness has driven out to be progressively more multifarious as new protagonists and concerns are drawn into the global governance process. Some of the global environmental governance scholars have suggested that a global forum might have an influence on the negotiations for creating Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs) by promoting the precautionary principle. Moreover, the existence of such a forum would lead to global cooperation in order to achieve sustainable development. The Montreal Protocol has managed to seek global environmental cooperation among almost all of the states in the world, which made the Montreal Protocol become a successful one. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study is to explain the influence of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) global forum in the global environmental governance by promoting the precautionary principle with regard to the Montreal Protocol’s early negotiations and the relations of the interstates’ participation response. This study has adopted the qualitative approach, which is based on the meetings’ proceeding reports of the Montreal Protocol. This study has also acknowledged that the global forum of UNEP had played an essential role as a strong environmental forum by promoting the precautionary principle in order to influence the Montreal Protocol’s early negotiations and the response of the interstates’ participation. Based on the results of the analysis, we have identified the main themes as activities and committees, while the eight sub-themes are meetings, workshops, conferences, coordinating committees, secretariat, advisory panel, working groups and Governing Council. Finally, the preliminary findings indicate that UNEP as a global forum which promotes the precautionary principle in the negotiations of the Montreal Protocol was important in terms of to lead for further development and expansion of the rules on global environmental governance and law in order to seek global environmental cooperation to protect global ozone layer (O3) from Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).
 
 
 
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