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Articles by J. Sripandon
Total Records ( 2 ) for J. Sripandon
  Umpapol, H. , Songwicha, C. , Jitrajak, T. , Patkit, A. and J. Sripandon
  Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the integration of cattle feeding technology, which was appropriate to transfer to local farmers, to produce Thai native cattle with the characteristics of adaptable physiology and heat tolerance in response to global warming in the rural communities of Sakon Nakhon province, Thailand. Methodology: The experiment was conducted by raising 16 castrated male Thai native cattle; their body weights were commensurate with their body condition scores and genetic characteristics and they were allocated to a randomized complete block design. Blood samples were collected to analyze the hematocrit, hemoglobin, blood glucose and blood urea nitrogen. Four experimental concentrate formulas, each containing 12% protein and 72% total digestible nutrients (TDN), were used as follows: (1) Control feed concentrate, (2) 15% para rubber seed meal concentrate, (3) 15% palm kernel seed meal concentrate and (4) 15% cotton seed meal concentrate. Data analysis were conducted using an analysis of variance (ANOVA) to investigate the relation between the meteorological factors and the general physiological changes in Thai native cattle. Results: The values for the temperature humidity index (THI) showed that the ambient temperature was significantly related to each of the maximum, average and minimum temperatures and to the relative humidity, with a significant difference (p<0.01). The data analysis showed that although the THI values increased, they did not affect the general physiological changes of Thai native cattle (p>0.05). The general physiological parameters, welfare, behavior characteristics and hematological values of Thai native cattle were not significantly different (p>0.05). The production performance of experimental Thai native cattle as shown by the intake of concentrate and roughage feeds, initial body weight, final body weight and average daily growth rate or average daily gain (ADG), was significantly different (p>0.05). Conclusion: Thai native cattle that received 4 different concentrate formulas could tolerate high-ambient-temperature environments and the concentrate formulas had no effect on physiological changes and growth performance.
  H. Umpapol , C. Songwicha , T. Jitrajak , A. Patkit and J. Sripandon
  Background and Objective: This study was designed to investigate the status and problems with raising Thai native cattle, as well as farmers’ needs and developed a model to address these issues using a mixed research approach combining qualitative and quantitative research. Materials and Methods: The procedures included document reviews and focus group interviews in the form of participatory rural appraisals for a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) analysis. In-depth and multilateral interviews were performed with 90 farmers of Thai native cattle. A model of methods was employed for raising Thai native (TN) cattle developed through participatory action research (PAR). A stratified random sampling technique was used across a study population of 40 groups of TN cattle farmers who were members of the Sakon Nakhon Provincial Livestock Office. The instruments used in this study included a measurement of training achievement, a test for satisfaction and a training evaluation form. Results: The problems faced by the farmers who raised Thai native cattle included a lack of shared knowledge about raising quality TN cattle, common problems in raising the cattle and housing management practices that are inconsistent with the cattle's reproductive states. Additional challenges include selecting local feed to be mixed with feed concentrates and hygienic management to avoid major diseases or parasites. The farmers need to gain additional knowledge and experience and to share technologies for raising quality TN cattle. This includes determining appropriate practices for managing housing and producing a feed formula for TN cattle that uses inexpensive, locally available feeds. The model for raising TN cattle included a training session intended to develop better management practices and to help farmers produce better animals. Conclusion: The training session demonstrated improvements in farmers' knowledge, the results of the training were positive and the farmers’ satisfaction with the workshop was high.
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