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Articles by J. Kaur
Total Records ( 2 ) for J. Kaur
  H.P.S. Nagi , J. Kaur , B.N. Dar and S. Sharma
  Both full fat and defatted cereal brans were blended with wheat flour at different levels to prepare nutritive biscuits. Product making, sensory and texture quality were assessed to find out the most appropriate level of bran incorporation. On the basis of quality (spread ratio and sensory by a panel of judges), 20% level was selected best. Acceptability of enriched biscuits was affected with progressive storage, however, the product remained in high acceptability range upto 3 months. Free fatty acids content of biscuits were within permissible limits after three months of storage except rice bran (full fat) biscuits. Packaging material had significant impact on biscuit quality. The biscuits were stored safely in both packaging material i.e., HDPE and laminate. Microbiological study depicted that microbial count was far below the permissible limits upto three months of storage of biscuits in HDPE and laminate at room temperature. Economics of enriched biscuits revealed that wheat bran enriched biscuits were economically profitable.
  R. Kaur , J. Kaur and Rama S. Singh
  Fusarium oxysporum is an important fungal group among the soil bone microflora. These strains are well-known for inducing wilt or root rots in important agricultural crops worldwide and some occur only as a saprophytes in rhizosphere of plants. There are certain strains which are nonpathogenic and protect plants from pathogenic strains. Based on phenotypic and genetic studies F. oxysporum showed a great diversity among its populations. The nonpathogenic strains, which were first isolated from suppressive soils strains showed several modes of action against pathogenic strains and thus exploited as biocontrol agents. These nonpathogenic strains suppress pathogens by competing for nutrients in the soil, reduce their chlamydospore germination, compete for infection sites on the root and induce systemic resistance in plant when invade host plant species before the pathogen. The nonpathogenic strains are formulated in talc and charcoal based media and commercial formulations are also available. These strains of Fusarium has been successfully combined with other biocontrol agents to obtain a effective biocontrol of plant pathogens. For application of nonpathogenic Fusarium under field condition some additional research is needed in several areas including: field studies and integration into production systems; risk assessment; and genetic improvement of biocontrol agents.
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