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Articles by J. Gu
Total Records ( 4 ) for J. Gu
  Y Guo , M Su , M. A McNutt and J. Gu
 

The importance of the molecule cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) is reflected in the many physiological functions it regulates. It is known to be present in epithelial cells of the lungs, pancreas, sweat glands, gut, and other tissues, and gene mutations of CFTR cause cystic fibrosis (CF). We studied the expression and distribution of CFTR in the human brain with reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, in situ hybridization, and immunohistochemistry. This study demonstrates widespread and abundant expression of CFTR in neurons of the human brain. Techniques of double labeling and evaluation of consecutive tissue sections localized CFTR protein and mRNA signals to the cytoplasm of neurons in all regions of the brain studied, but not to glial cells. The presence of CFTR in central neurons not only provides a possible explanation for the neural symptoms observed in CF patients, but also may lead to a better understanding of the functions of CFTR in the human brain. This manuscript contains online supplemental material at http://www.jhc.org. Please visit this article online to view these materials. (J Histochem Cytochem 57:1113–1120, 2009)

  Y Zhou , P Pan , L Yao , M Su , P He , N Niu , M. A McNutt and J. Gu
 

Human cardiac stem/progenitor cells and their potential for repair of heart injury are a current hot topic of research. CD117 has been used frequently as a marker for identification of stem/progenitor cells in the heart. However, cardiac mast cells, which are also CD117+, have not been excluded by credible means when selecting putative cardiac progenitors by using CD117 as a marker. We evaluated the relationship between CD117+ cells and mast cells in the left ventricle of human hearts (n=5 patients, ages 1 week–75 years) with the well-established mast cell markers tryptase, toluidine blue, and thionine. A large number (85–100%) of CD117+ cells in the human heart were specifically identified as mast cells. In addition, mast cells showed weak or moderate CD45 immunostaining signals. These results indicate that the majority of CD117+ cells in the heart are mast cells and that these cells are distinctly positive for CD45, although staining was weak or moderate. These results strongly suggest that the newly reported CD117+/CD45dim/moderate putative cardiac progenitor cells are mast cells. The significance of this observation in stem cell research of the heart is discussed. (J Histochem Cytochem 58:309–316, 2010)

  B.G. Bylsma , L.S. Durkin , J. Gilmore , J. Gu , T.Y. Ling and C. Rush
  Data Acquisition (DAQ) electronics for Cathode Strip Chambers (CSC) [CMS Collaboration, The Muon Project Technical Design Report, CERN/LHCC 97-32, CMS TDR3, 1997] in the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) [CMS Collaboration, The Compact Muon Solenoid Technical Proposal, CERN/LHCC 94-38, 1994] experiment at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) [The LHC study group, The Large Hadron Collider: Conceptual Design, CERN/AC 1995-05, 1995] is described. The CSC DAQ system [B. Bylsma, et al., in: Proceedings of the Topical Workshop on Electronics for Particle Physics, Prague, Czech Republic, CERN-2007-007, 2007, pp. 195–198] includes on-detector and off-detector electronics, encompassing five different types of custom circuit boards designed to handle the high event rate at the LHC. The on-detector electronics includes Cathode Front End Boards (CFEB) [R. Breedon, et al., Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 471 (2001) 340], which amplify, shape, store, and digitize chamber cathode signals; Anode Front End Boards (AFEB) [T. Ferguson, et al., Nucl. Instr. and Meth. A 539 (2005) 386], which amplify, shape and discriminate chamber anode signals; and Data Acquisition Motherboards (DAQMB), which controls the on-chamber electronics and the readout of the chamber. The off-detector electronics, located in the underground service cavern, includes Detector Dependent Unit (DDU) boards, which perform real time data error checking, electronics reset requests and data concentration; and Data Concentrator Card (DCC) boards, which further compact the data and send it to the CMS DAQ System [CMS Collaboration, The TriDAS Project Technical Design Report, Volume 2: Data Acquisition and High-level Trigger, CERN/LHCC 2002-26, 2002], and serve as an interface to the CMS Trigger Timing Control (TTC) [TTC system http://ttc.web.cern.ch/TTC/intro.html] system.

Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASIC) are utilized for analogous signal processing on front end boards. Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA) are utilized on all boards in the system to provide programmability. The DAQ system has been installed and commissioned, and is ready for LHC data taking.

  X Kong , H Gan , Y Hao , C Cheng , J Jiang , Y Hong , J Yang , H Zhu , Y Chi , X Yun and J. Gu
 

CDK11p58, a CDK11 family Ser/Thr kinase, is a G2/M specific protein and contributed to regulation of cell cycle, transcription and apoptotic signal transduction. Recently, CDK11p58 has been reported to exert important functions in mitotic process, such as the regulation of bipolar spindle formation and sister chromatid cohesion. Here, we identified p21 activated kinase 1 (PAK1) as a new CDK11p58 substrate and we mapped a new phosphorylation site of Ser174 on PAK1. By mutagenesis, we created PAK1174A and PAK1174E, which mimic the dephosphorylated and phosphorylated form of PAK1; further analysis showed PAK1174E could be recruited to myosin V motor complex through binding to dynein light chain 2 (DLC2). PAK1174E could accelerate the mitosis progression in a nocodazole blocked cell model, while PAK1174A exhibited an opposite role. Our results indicated PAK1 may serve as a downstream effector of CDK11p58 during mitosis progression.

 
 
 
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