Asian Science Citation Index is committed to provide an authoritative, trusted and significant information by the coverage of the most important and influential journals to meet the needs of the global scientific community.  
ASCI Database
308-Lasani Town,
Sargodha Road,
Faisalabad, Pakistan
Fax: +92-41-8815544
Contact Via Web
Suggest a Journal
 
Articles by J. Barton
Total Records ( 2 ) for J. Barton
  A. J. Lansdown , J. Barton , J. Warner , D. Williams , J. W. Gregory , J. N. Harvey and L. Lowes
  Aims  To determine the proportion of cases of childhood Type 1 diabetes that present with ketoacidosis and any temporal trend. To assess the impact of a publicity campaign promoting earlier diagnosis.

Methods  We used an all-Wales register of incident cases with data on 2046 children from 1991 to 2009. The proportion with ketoacidosis at diagnosis was compared with the Yorkshire Childhood Diabetes Register. On World Diabetes Day posters were sent to every pharmacy, school and general practitioner surgery across Wales and radio interviews given. A questionnaire survey was conducted in Gwent to assess penetrance of the campaign.

Results  Annually, in 1991-2009 the proportion presenting with ketoacidosis varied between 20% and 33% (mean 25%) with no change over time. Similar proportions occurred in Yorkshire. Ketoacidosis was more common before age 5 years (37% of cases) than at age 5-9 years (20%) or 10-14 years (23%) (P < 0.001). From November 2006-2007 30% of cases presented with ketoacidosis and from November 2007-2008 25% cases presented with ketoacidosis. After the campaign (November 2008-2009) 26% presented with ketoacidosis (P = 0.72). The information had reached a low proportion of families. General practitioners referred immediately cases that presented to them.

Conclusions  Over 20 years in Wales there has been no change in the proportion of children with Type 1 diabetes initially presenting with ketoacidosis. This presentation occurs in a higher proportion of new cases aged under 5 years. Publicity to increase awareness did not reduce the proportion with ketoacidosis at diagnosis in Wales. We need to get the educational message through to parents to reduce ketoacidosis at presentation.

  C. Pixley , J. Barton , J.L. Vicente , A.D. Wolfenden , B.M. Hargis and G. Tellez
  The transport of live animals has important economic and welfare implications. A commercially-available organic acid product (Optimizer) was added to the drinking water of commercial hen turkeys during preslaughter Feed Withdrawal (FW) in two trials. In trial 1, a total of 60 trailers from treated (OA) or control non-treated turkey houses were evaluated. Turkey farmers initiated water treatment on the day before pick up (8-12 h treatment according to label directions). Investigators recorded trailer numbers as they were loaded out of each house to confirm which trailers contained treated birds vs. control non-treated birds. Individual trailer weights were recorded upon arrival to the processing plant and again immediately prior to live hang. A significant reduction in rate of weight loss during holding at the processing plant was observed in the treated turkeys (719 g/min per OA treated trailer vs. 845 g/min per control trailer). In trial 2, two commercial market age turkey houses were selected and in each house, 400 birds were weighed and recorded as a representative sampling. The treated house received OA administered according to manufacturer’s directions continuously for 19 h. At the end of this time, 400 birds were weighed and recorded as a representative sampling. A significant (p<0.05) improvement of average body weights was observed in treated turkeys during 19 h (125 g treated vs. 35 g control), an average of 90 grams difference. Experiments are ongoing to measure water consumption during the FW that may explain the reduction in carcass shrinkage during transportation to the processing plant and increased body weights at the farm by increasing hydration of turkeys treated with OA.
 
 
 
Copyright   |   Desclaimer   |    Privacy Policy   |   Browsers   |   Accessibility