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Articles by J. Y Wang
Total Records ( 3 ) for J. Y Wang
  H Shima , H Takatsu , S Fukuda , M Ohmae , K Hase , H Kubagawa , J. Y Wang and H. Ohno

Fc receptors specifically bind to the Fc region of Igs to mediate the unique functions to each class of Igs. To identify a novel Fc receptor for IgM, we searched expressed sequence tag database for molecules containing Ig domains with homology to those of known Fc receptors for IgM, Fc/µR and polymeric Ig receptor. As a result, we identified TOSO/Fas apoptotic inhibitory molecule 3 (FAIM3) as a possible Fc receptor for IgM. HeLa cells transfected with a TOSO/FAIM3-expression vector bound to IgM but not IgG and were able to internalize IgM-conjugated beads but not IgG-conjugated beads, suggesting that TOSO/FAIM3 is indeed a receptor for IgM (FcµR). FcµR protein was expressed predominantly on B-lineage cells; expression of the Fcmr transcripts was observed from the pre-B-cell stage and maintained thereafter during B-cell development. These results identify TOSO/FAIM3 as a receptor for IgM and suggest that FcµR may serve as an uptake receptor for IgM-opsonized antigens by B cells.

  M Li , Y Sun , J. M Simard , J. Y Wang and T. C. Chai

Overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) is an idiopathic condition characterized by urinary urgency and urge incontinence. Detrusor overactivity has been traditionally described as the physiologic mechanism for OAB. However, the bladder urothelium (BU) may also be involved in the pathophysiology. This study measured polyamine signaling and its downstream effects on membrane conductivity in bladder urothelial cells (BUC) obtained from asymptomatic and OAB subjects. Immunohistofluorescence was used to measure ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) expression in BU. BUC, cultured from BU biopsies, were used for electrophysiologic studies. dl--Difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), spermine, or spermidine was used to modulate polyamine signaling in BUC. Results showed ODC overexpression in OAB BU. In OAB BUC, whole cell and cell-attached configuration showed significantly decreased currents. Using inside-out patches, outward currents increased significantly, suggesting a cytoplasmic source of the outward current block in OAB BUC. In control BUC, outward currents were mediated by the large-conductance calcium-activated potassium (BK) channel due to calcium dose-dependence and block by iberiotoxin. Spermidine and spermine blocked the outward current in normal BUC in dose-dependent fashion. Conversely, DFMO significantly increased (P < 0.01) outward currents in OAB BUC both in cell-attached and in whole cell configuration. The outward currents in DFMO-treated-OAB BUC could be significantly reduced (P < 0.05) by adding back spermidine and spermine. These data suggest that polyamine signaling is upregulated in OAB urothelium and OAB BUC. Furthermore, polyamines in BUC block the BK channel. Targeting of bladder urothelial polyamine signaling may represent a novel approach for OAB treatment based on pathophysiologic mechanisms.

  M Husain , L. G Meggs , H Vashistha , S Simoes , K. O Griffiths , D Kumar , J Mikulak , P. W Mathieson , M. A Saleem , L Del Valle , S Pina Oviedo , J. Y Wang , S. V Seshan , A Malhotra , K Reiss and P. C. Singhal

Glomerular visceral epithelial cells (podocytes) play a critical role in the pathogenesis of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated nephropathy. A key question concerns the mechanism(s) by which the HIV-1 genome alters the phenotype of the highly specialized, terminally differentiated podocytes. Here, using an in vitro system of conditionally immortalized differentiated human podocytes (CIDHPs), we document a pivotal role for the p66ShcA protein in HIV-1-induced reactive oxygen species generation and CIDHP apoptosis. CIDHP transfected with truncated HIV-1 construct (NL4-3) exhibit increased reactive oxygen species metabolism, DNA strand breaks, and a 5-fold increase in apoptosis, whereas the opposite was true for NL4-3/CIDHP co-transfected with mu-36p66ShcA (mu-36) dominant negative expression vector or isoform-specific p66-small interfering RNA. Phosphorylation at Ser-36 of the wild type p66ShcA protein, required for p66ShcA redox function and inhibition of the potent stress response regulator Foxo3a, was unchanged in mu-36/NL4-3/CIDHP but increased in NL4-3/CIDHP. Acute knockdown of Foxo3a by small interfering RNA induced a 50% increase in mu-36/NL4-3/CIDHP apoptosis, indicating that Foxo3a-dependent responses promote the survival phenotype in mu-36 cells. We conclude that inhibition of p66ShcA redox activity prevents generation of HIV-1 stress signals and activation of the CIDHP apoptosis program.

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