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Articles by J. Y Um
Total Records ( 2 ) for J. Y Um
  J. W Choi , J. Y Um , J. K Kundu , Y. J Surh and S. Kim
 

Aminoacyl-transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) synthetases-interacting multifunctional protein (AIMP) 2 is a factor associated with the macromolecular protein synthesis machinery consisting of nine different aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases and three non-enzymatic factors. However, it was shown to work as a multifaceted regulator through the versatile interactions with diverse signal mediators. For instance, it can mediate pro-apoptotic response to DNA damage and tumor necrosis factor- (TNF-) stimulus and growth-arresting signal by transforming growth factor (TGF)-β. Considering that these pathways are critically implicated in the control of tumorigenesis, AIMP2 is expected to work as a potent tumor suppressor with broad coverage against different cancer types. Here we investigated whether AIMP2 would give gene dosage effect on its pro-apoptotic and anti-proliferative activities using the wild-type, hetero- and homozygous AIMP2 cells and whether AIMP2 would be critical in preventing tumorigenesis using different in vivo tumor models. Both the apoptotic responses to DNA damage and TNF- and sensitivity to growth arresting TGF-β signal were reduced in AIMP2 hetero- and homozygous cells compared with the wild-type cells in dose-dependent manner. In all the in vivo carcinogenesis experiments, reduction of AIMP2 level in heterozygous AIMP2 mice provided higher susceptibility to tumor formation. Thus, this work proves the functional significance of AIMP2 in determination of cell proliferation and death, and as a haploinsufficient tumor suppressor.

  J. Y Um , C. H Jang , K. Y Kim , S. J Kim , N. H Kim , P. D Moon , I. Y Choi , N. Y Myung , H. J Jeong , S. H Hong and H. M. Kim
 

Auditory dysfunction is related to large/small vessel occlusions and hemorrhage. Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) frequently occurs with anterior inferior cerebellar artery occlusion proximal to the internal auditory artery. Moreover, SSNHL has various pathogenetic mechanisms, the main proposed mechanisms being vascular disease, membrane ruptures, infection, and autoimmunity. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is an important cytokine in the inflammation process of cerebrovascular diseases. In the current study, the possible effects of polymorphisms in TNF- and TNF-β genes on SSNHL are evaluated. Two genetic polymorphisms in the TNF locus (TNF- —308 G - ->A and TNF-β +252 A - ->G) were investigated as risk factors for SSNHL by determining their prevalence in 97 SSNHL patients and in 587 controls. A significant increase was found for the TNF-β allele 1 in SSNHL patients compared with the controls ( 2 = 7.251, P = .007, odds ratio [OR] = 1.534, confidence interval [CI] = 1.12-2.10). These findings suggest that the TNF-β +252 locus plays an important role in the etiopathogenesis of SSNHL.

 
 
 
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