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Articles by J. W Chung
Total Records ( 3 ) for J. W Chung
  Y. J Kim , J. S Lee , K. S Hong , J. W Chung , J. H Kim and K. B. Hahm
 

Colitis-associated cancers arise in the setting of chronic inflammation wherein an "inflammation-dysplasia-carcinoma" sequence prevails. Based on our previous findings in which the proton pump inhibitor could impose significant levels of anti-inflammatory, antiangiogenic, and selective apoptosis induction beyond gastric acid suppression, we investigated whether omeprazole could prevent the development of colitis-associated cancer in a mouse model induced by repeated bouts of colitis. Omeprazole, 10 mg/kg, was given i.p. all through the experimental periods for colitis-associated carcinogenesis. Molecular changes regarding inflammation and carcinogenesis were compared between control groups and colitis-associated cancer groups treated with omeprazole in addition to chemopreventive outcome. Nine of 12 (75.0%) mice in the control group developed multiple colorectal tumors, whereas tumors were noted in only 3 of 12 (25.0%) mice treated with daily injections of omeprazole. The cancer-preventive results of omeprazole treatment was based on significant decreases in the levels of nitric oxide, thiobarbituric acid–reactive substance, and interleukin-6 accompanied with attenuated expressions of tumor necrosis factor-, inducible nitric oxide synthase, and cyclooxygenase-2. The expressions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, MMP-11, and MT1-MMMP were significantly decreased in mice treated with omeprazole in accordance with significant decreases in the number of β-catenin–accumulated crypts. A significant induction of apoptosis was observed in tumor tissue treated with omeprazole. Omeprazole could block the trophic effect of gastrin in colon epithelial cells. The significant anti-inflammatory, antioxidative, and antimutagenic activities of omeprazole played a cancer-preventive role against colitis-induced carcinogenesis, and our novel in vivo evidence is suggestive of chemopreventive action independent of gastric acid suppression. Cancer Prev Res; 3(8); 963–74. ©2010 AACR.

  Y. J Kim , K. S Hong , J. W Chung , J. H Kim and K. B. Hahm
 

The emergence of infliximab was an epochal event in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Because colitis-associated cancers arose in the setting of chronic inflammation, during which "inflammation-dysplasia-carcinoma sequence" prevails and anti-inflammatory agents can prevent carcinogenesis, we hypothesized whether infliximab can prevent colitic cancer in animal models for which C57BL/6 mice were exposed to 15 cycles of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS), with each cycle consisting of 0.7% DSS for 1 week followed by sterilized water for 10 days. Infliximab (4 mg/kg i.v.) was given on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th weeks or 25th, 27th, and 31st weeks of cycle according to "step-up" versus "top-down" strategy. Molecular change about inflammation and carcinogenesis was compared between groups. Multiple colorectal tumors developed in 75% to 80% of control mice, whereas only 16.7% of mice treated with infliximab on the 1st, 3rd, and 7th weeks developed colon tumors. Significant decreases in tumor necrosis factor- level, mast cell number, and the expression of inflammatory cytokines were observed in top-down strategy using infliximab. The expression and activity of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and MMP-11 were significantly decreased in mice treated with infliximab accompanied with attenuated numbers of "β-catenin–accumulated crypts." In animal group where infliximab was administered at later stage of 25th, 27th, and 31st weeks, no reduction in tumorigenesis was noted. These biological effects of infliximab were further explored in in vitro experiment using Raw264.7 and Jurkat T cells. Conclusively, earlier and intensive therapy with infliximab should be considered for either mitigating clinical course or preventing ultimate development of colitic cancer in high-risk IBD patients. Cancer Prev Res; 3(10); 1314–33. ©2010 AACR.

  J. W Chung , H. M Yang , K. W Park , H. Y Lee , J. S Park , H. J Kang , Y. S Cho , T. J Youn , B. K Koo , I. H Chae , D. J Choi , B. H Oh , Y. B Park and H. S. Kim
  Background—

In the COREA-TAXUS trial ("Effect of Celecoxib On REstenosis after coronary Angioplasty with a TAXUS stent"), celecoxib reduced late luminal loss and adverse cardiac events at follow-up around 6 months. The objective of this study was to assess the long-term outcome of short-term adjunctive celecoxib treatment after paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation.

Methods and Results—

This is a 2-year clinical follow-up of the COREA-TAXUS trial, an open-label randomized controlled study. A total 274 patients were randomized to receive or not receive celecoxib (400 mg before the intervention and 200 mg twice daily for 6 months after the procedure), and 271 underwent successful paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation. All patients were given aspirin (100 mg daily indefinitely) and clopidogrel (75 mg daily for at least 6 months). Among the 271 patients, 267 (98.5%) completed the 2-year clinical follow-up. From the previous follow-up to 2 years, there was no difference in the rate of adverse cardiac events between the celecoxib and control groups (1.6% versus 4.3%, P=0.27). Thus, at 2 years, the rate of adverse cardiac events was consistently lower in the celecoxib group (6.9% versus 19.7%, P=0.002). A significant reduction in need for target lesion revascularization was observed (6.2% versus 18.2%, P=0.003). The efficacy benefit in the celecoxib group was not undermined by an increased risk for cardiac death or myocardial infarction at 2 years (1.5% versus 1.4%).

Conclusions—

Six-month adjunctive celecoxib treatment after paclitaxel-eluting stent implantation was associated with durable long-term efficacy up to 2 years. However, the inconclusive evidence for the long-term safety of this treatment warrants caution.

Clinical Trial Registration—

URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT 00292721.

 
 
 
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