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Articles by J. R Cerhan
Total Records ( 3 ) for J. R Cerhan
  O Landgren , R. A Kyle , J. A Hoppin , L. E Beane Freeman , J. R Cerhan , J. A Katzmann , S. V Rajkumar and M. C. Alavanja
 

Pesticides are associated with excess risk of multiple myeloma, albeit inconclusively. We included 678 men (30-94 years) from a well-characterized prospective cohort of restricted-use pesticide applicators to assess the risk of monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). Serum samples from all subjects were analyzed by electrophoresis performed on agarose gel; samples with a discrete or localized band were subjected to immunofixation. Age-adjusted prevalence estimates of MGUS were compared with MGUS prevalence in 9469 men from Minnesota. Associations between pesticide exposures and MGUS prevalence were assessed by logistic regression models adjusted for age and education level. Among study participants older than 50 years (n = 555), 38 were found to have MGUS, yielding a prevalence of 6.8% (95% CI, 5.0%-9.3%). Compared with men from Minnesota, the age-adjusted prevalence of MGUS was 1.9-fold (95% CI, 1.3- to 2.7-fold) higher among male pesticide applicators. Among applicators, a 5.6-fold (95% CI, 1.9- to 16.6-fold), 3.9-fold (95% CI, 1.5- to 10.0-fold), and 2.4-fold (95% CI, 1.1- to 5.3-fold) increased risk of MGUS prevalence was observed among users of the chlorinated insecticide dieldrin, the fumigant mixture carbon-tetrachloride/carbon disulfide, and the fungicide chlorothalonil, respectively. In summary, the prevalence of MGUS among pesticide applicators was twice that in a population-based sample of men from Minnesota, adding support to the hypothesis that specific pesticides are causatively linked to myelomagenesis.

  L. E Kelemen , X Wang , Z. S Fredericksen , V. S Pankratz , P. D.P Pharoah , S Ahmed , A. M Dunning , D. F Easton , R. A Vierkant , J. R Cerhan , E. L Goode , J. E Olson and F. J. Couch
 

Background: Gene amplification leading to overexpression is a common event in breast tumors that is linked to tumor development and progression. The 17q23 region is amplified in >40% of breast tumors and contains several candidate oncogenes. Because common genetic variation in several oncogenes has been associated with cancer risk, we assessed the relevance of common variants in the 17q23 candidate oncogenes to breast cancer.

Methods: We investigated 60 polymorphisms in the TUBD1, SEPT4, PRKCA, TBX2, TBX4, TEX14, TLK2, YPEL2, and PPM1E genes from this amplicon for association with breast cancer risk among 798 Caucasian breast cancer cases and 843 unaffected Caucasian controls from the Mayo Clinic.

Results: Eight polymorphisms in PRKCA, TBX4, TLK2, and YPEL2 displayed significant dose-response associations with breast cancer risk (Ptrend < 0.05). Of these, PRKCA rs7342847 and TLK2 rs2245092 and rs733025 were also associated with hormone receptor–positive breast cancer: PRKCA rs7342847 (odds ratio, 0.7; 95% confidence interval, 0.6-0.9; Ptrend = 0.002) and TLK2 rs733025 and rs2245092 (both: odds ratio, 0.8; 95% confidence interval, 0.7-1.0; Ptrend = 0.03). Interactions between SEPT4 rs758377 and TEX14 rs302864 (Pinteraction = 0.0003) and between TLK2 rs733025 and YPEL2 rs16943468 (Pinteraction = 0.05) for risk of breast cancer were also observed.

Conclusion: These findings suggest that single polymorphisms and combinations of polymorphisms within candidate oncogenes from the 17q23 amplicon may influence risk of breast cancer overall and possibly specific molecular subtypes of breast tumors. The findings are discussed within the context of the results from two independent data sets. (Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2009;18(6):1864–8)

  J. M Hildebrand , Z Luo , M. K Manske , T Price Troska , S. C Ziesmer , W Lin , B. S Hostager , S. L Slager , T. E Witzig , S. M Ansell , J. R Cerhan , G. A Bishop and A. J. Novak
 

The cytokine B cell activating factor (BAFF) and its receptor, BAFF receptor (BAFF-R), modulate signaling cascades critical for B cell development and survival. We identified a novel mutation in TNFRSF13C, the gene encoding human BAFF-R, that is present in both tumor and germline tissue from a subset of patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma. This mutation encodes a His159Tyr substitution in the cytoplasmic tail of BAFF-R adjacent to the TRAF3 binding motif. Signaling through this mutant BAFF-R results in increased NF-B1 and NF-B2 activity and increased immunoglobulin production compared with the wild-type (WT) BAFF-R. This correlates with increased TRAF2, TRAF3, and TRAF6 recruitment to His159Tyr BAFF-R. In addition, we document a requirement for TRAF6 in WT BAFF-R signaling. Together, these data identify a novel lymphoma-associated mutation in human BAFF-R that results in NF-B activation and reveals TRAF6 as a necessary component of normal BAFF-R signaling.

 
 
 
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