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Articles by J. L. Januzzi
Total Records ( 3 ) for J. L. Januzzi
  A. A Mohammed , A. K Agnihotri , R. R.J van Kimmenade , A Martinez Rumayor , S. M Green , R Quiroz and J. L. Januzzi
 

Background— The significance and clinical role of cardiac troponin testing after coronary artery bypass grafting remain unclear.

Methods and Results— Cardiac troponin T (cTnT) was measured during the first 24 hours after coronary artery bypass graft surgery in 847 consecutive patients. Only 17 patients (2.0%) had new Q waves or left bundle-branch block after surgery; however, cTnT elevation was observed in nearly all subjects, with a median cTnT concentration of 1.08 ng/mL overall. Direct predictors of postoperative cTnT values included preoperative myocardial infarction (P<0.001), preoperative intraaortic balloon pump (P<0.001), intraoperative/postoperative intraaortic balloon pump (P<0.001), number of distal anastomoses (P=0.005), bypass time (P<0.001), and number of intraoperative defibrillations (P=0.009), whereas glomerular filtration rate (P<0.001), off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (P=0.003), and use of warm cardioplegia (P=0.02) were inversely associated with cTnT values. A linear association was seen between cTnT levels and length of stay and ventilator hours, and in an analysis adjusted for the Society for Thoracic Surgery Risk Model, cTnT remained independently prognostic for death (odds ratio, 3.20; P=0.003), death or heart failure (odds ratio, 2.04; P=0.008), death or need for vasopressors (odds ratio, 2.70; P<0.001), and the composite of all 3 (odds ratio, 2.57; P<0.001). In contrast to consensus-endorsed cTnT cut points for postoperative evaluation, a cTnT <1.60 ng/mL had a negative predictive value of 93% to 99% for excluding various post-coronary artery bypass graft surgery complications.

Conclusions— cTnT concentrations after coronary artery bypass graft surgery are nearly universally elevated, are determined by numerous factors, and are independently prognostic for impending postoperative complications when used at appropriate cut points.

  R. V Shah , A. A Chen Tournoux , M. H Picard , R. R.J van Kimmenade and J. L. Januzzi
 

Background— ST2, a biomarker of cardiomyocyte stretch, powerfully predicts poor outcomes in patients with acute dyspnea, but nothing is known about associations between soluble ST2 (sST2) and cardiac structure and function, or whether sST2 retains prognostic meaning in the context of such measures.

Methods and Results— One hundred thirty-four dyspneic patients with and without decompensated heart failure had echocardiography during index admission and vital status was ascertained at 4 years. Echocardiographic and clinical correlates of sST2 as well as independent predictors of death at 4 years were identified. sST2 correlated with left ventricular end-systolic dimensions/volumes and left ventricular ejection fraction. sST2 was inversely associated with right ventricular fractional area change (=–0.18; P=0.046), higher right ventricular systolic pressure (=0.26; P=0.005), and right ventricular hypokinesis (P<0.001) and was correlated with tissue Doppler Ea wave peak velocity, but not to other indices of diastolic function. In multivariate regression, independent predictors of sST2 included right ventricular systolic pressure (t=2.29; P=0.002), left ventricular ejection fraction (t=–2.15; P=0.05) and dimensions (end systolic, t=2.57; end diastolic, t=2.98; both P<0.05), amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (t=3.31; P=0.009), heart rate (t=2.59; P=0.01), and presence of jugular venous distension (t=2.00; P=0.05). In a Cox proportional hazards model that included echocardiographic results and other biomarkers, sST2 independently predicted death at 4 years (hazard ratio=2.70; P=0.003).

Conclusions— Among dyspneic patients with and without acute heart failure, sST2 concentrations are associated with prevalent cardiac abnormalities on echocardiography, a more decompensated hemodynamic profile and are associated with long-term mortality, independent of echocardiographic, clinical, or other biochemical markers of risk.

  A. A Mohammed , R. R. J van Kimmenade , M Richards , A Bayes Genis , Y Pinto , S. A Moore and J. L. Januzzi
  Background—

Hyponatremia is a well-known predictor of mortality in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure. Associations between hyponatremia and other prognostic variables in acutely decompensated heart failure, such as amino-terminal pro-B type natriuretic peptide remain unclear.

Methods and Results—

Six hundred twenty-eight patients presenting to the emergency department with acutely decompensated heart failure were studied. All were hospitalized. Serum sodium (Na) concentration at presentation was examined as a function of mortality at 1 year, alone and relative to other predictors of death. Hyponatremia (Na ≤135 mmol/L) was diagnosed in 24%(n=149) patients. Compared with those without hyponatremia, those affected were less likely to be male or to have hypertension or coronary artery disease but were more likely to have severe symptoms, to be anemic, and to have higher amino-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations (all P≤0.05). When examined as a function of Na deciles (ranging from Na <132 mmol/L to Na ≤142 mmol/L), a U-shaped association was found between Na level and 1-year mortality. In multivariate Cox proportional hazards analysis, hyponatremia was an independent predictor of 1-year mortality (hazards ratio=1.72; 95% CI=1.22 to 2.37; P=0.001) as was an NT-proBNP concentration above the median value of 4690 pg/mL (hazards ratio=1.49; 95% CI=1.10 to 2.00; P=0.009). Those with hyponatremia and more elevated NT-proBNP were more likely to develop worsening renal function during their hospitalization and had highest rates of 1-year death. Notably, however, hyponatremia predicted only 1-year mortality in those with an elevated NT-proBNP.

Conclusion—

Hyponatremia is associated with adverse outcome in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure; however, the prognostic value of low Na is mainly evident in those with more pronounced elevation of NT-proBNP concentrations.

 
 
 
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