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Articles by J. L Cummings
Total Records ( 2 ) for J. L Cummings
  P. D Harvey , S. H Ferris , J. L Cummings , K. A Wesnes , C Hsu , R. M Lane and S. Tekin
 

Disease-specific assessments are not currently available for patients with Parkinson’s disease dementia (PDD). This study evaluated the criterion-related validity and test—retest reliability of the Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment scale cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) in terms of sensitivity for differentiation between mild and moderate severity impairment in PDD. Six other dementia rating scales and cognitive tests were also examined. A total of 113 patients with PDD or Alzheimer disease were recruited into this 4-week, multicenter study, segregated into 2 severity groups based on Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score. Mean ADAS-cog scores showed a statistically significant separation between mild and moderate severity patients in both dementias (P < .001). For the ADAS-cog, test—retest Spearman correlation coefficients were significant for each dementia type and severity. This study demonstrated the criterion-related validity and test—retest reliability for ADAS-cog in patients with PDD and strong correlations with MMSE. This supports the validity of previous results obtained with these measures in studies of patients with PDD.

  M. R Farlow , J. L Cummings , J. T Olin and Xiangyi Meng
 

Rivastigmine has beneficial effects on cognitive functioning in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Effects of cholinesterase inhibitors, particularly rivastigmine, on AD Assessment Scale—cognitive subscale (ADAS-cog) domains and individual items have rarely been analyzed. Results from 4 randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 26-week rivastigmine capsule trials in patients with mild-to-moderate AD were pooled and ADAS-cog domains and individual items were evaluated. Data were available from 878, 1053, and 863 patients in the 1 to 4 mg/d, 6 to 12 mg/d, and placebo groups, respectively. Rivastigmine-treated groups were superior to placebo on total ADAS-cog and memory domain scores (P ≤ .0001). Rivastigmine 6 to 12 mg/d was also significantly better versus placebo on language (P < .001) and praxis (P < .001); greatest treatment responses were seen on memory items (P < .0001). Although rivastigmine was associated with dose-dependent improvements in all cognitive domains, largest effects were on memory items. Evaluation of ADAS-cog domain scores provides insight into test items most likely to respond to treatment.

 
 
 
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