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Articles by J. K Min
Total Records ( 2 ) for J. K Min
  K Kawaji , N. C.F Codella , M. R Prince , C. W Chu , A Shakoor , T. M LaBounty , J. K Min , R. V Swaminathan , R. B Devereux , Y Wang and J. W. Weinsaft
 

Background— Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is established for assessment of left ventricular (LV) systolic function but has not been widely used to assess diastolic function. This study tested performance of a novel CMR segmentation algorithm (LV-METRIC) for automated assessment of diastolic function.

Methods and Results— A total of 101 patients with normal LV systolic function underwent CMR and echocardiography (echo) within 7 days. LV-METRIC generated LV filling profiles via automated segmentation of contiguous short-axis images (204±39 images, 2:04±0:53 minutes). Diastolic function by CMR was assessed via early:atrial filling ratios, peak diastolic filling rate, time to peak filling rate, and a novel index—diastolic volume recovery (DVR), calculated as percent diastole required for recovery of 80% stroke volume. Using an echo standard, patients with versus without diastolic dysfunction had lower early:atrial filling ratios, longer time to peak filling rate, lower stroke volume–adjusted peak diastolic filling rate, and greater DVR (all P<0.05). Prevalence of abnormal CMR filling indices increased in relation to clinical symptoms classified by New York Heart Association functional class (P=0.04) or dyspnea (P=0.006). Among all parameters tested, DVR yielded optimal performance versus echo (area under the curve: 0.87±0.04, P<0.001). Using a 90% specificity cutoff, DVR yielded 74% sensitivity for diastolic dysfunction. In multivariate analysis, DVR (odds ratio, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.13 to 2.57; P=0.02) was independently associated with echo-evidenced diastolic dysfunction after controlling for age, hypertension, and LV mass (2=73.4, P<0.001).

Conclusions— Automated CMR segmentation can provide LV filling profiles that may offer insight into diastolic dysfunction. Patients with diastolic dysfunction have prolonged diastolic filling intervals, which are associated with echo-evidenced diastolic dysfunction independent of clinical and imaging variables.

  L. J Shaw , J. K Min , J Narula , F Lin , C. N Bairey Merz , T. Q Callister and D. S. Berman
  Background—

Sex differences exist in the prevalence and severity of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Limited data are available to explore sex differences in prognosis with coronary computed tomographic angiographic (CCTA) measurements of CAD including novel nonobstructive plaque extent.

Methods and Results—

A total of 1127 consecutive patients were clinically referred to 16-slice CCTA and followed for the occurrence of all-cause death. Time to death was calculated by univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazard models. Four-year survival (92.1%) was similar by sex (P=0.52). Women more often had no coronary stenosis (54%) as compared with men (28%) (P<0.0001). Mortality worsened for both women (P<0.0001) and men (P=0.002) by the number of vessels with ≥50% stenosis. For women, overall mortality ranged from 3.5% for no CAD to 25.0% for women with 3-vessel plus left main obstructive CAD (P<0.0001). For men, overall mortality ranged from 2.7% for no CAD to 17.4% for males with 3-vessel plus left main obstructive CAD (P=0.002). Nonobstructive disease was prevalent in women (range, 24% to 66%) and men (range, 45% to 74%) ages 45 to ≥80 years. Nonobstructive CAD extent was a significant estimator of all-cause mortality when added to a model containing pretest CAD likelihood and obstructive CAD extent (P=0.039). For men, in a risk-adjusted model including pretest CAD likelihood and obstructive CAD, the number of nonobstructive lesions was not a significant estimator of mortality (P=0.9). For women, the relative hazard for mortality, in a multivariable model, was 1.3 per nonobstructive lesion (P=0.003), including pretest CAD likelihood and obstructive CAD as covariates. For women, risk-adjusted median mortality ranged from 2.9% to 10.9% for none to ≥4 nonobstructive lesions (P<0.0001).

Conclusions—

Based on our preliminary analyses, CCTA obstructive and nonobstructive CAD adds incremental value to clinical assessment for risk stratification. Moreover, the extent of nonobstructive CAD by CCTA predicts mortality in women but not in men and may be helpful to optimize therapeutic strategies for women.

 
 
 
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