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Articles by J. A.C. Lima
Total Records ( 3 ) for J. A.C. Lima
  B. D Rosen , V. R.S Fernandes , K Nasir , T Helle Valle , M Jerosch Herold , D. A Bluemke and J. A.C. Lima
 

Background— Age and left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy are risk factors for the development of LV dysfunction and congestive heart failure. Our goal was to study the relationships of LV mass and age with myocardial dyssynchrony among asymptomatic participants of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.

Methods and Results— A total of 1100 individuals underwent tagged magnetic resonance imaging. Regional LV function was analyzed with the use of harmonic phase imaging. Time to peak systolic circumferential strain and strain rate were measured in 12 segments, and myocardial dyssynchrony was expressed as the SD of time to peak strain and strain rate. Relationships of age, LV mass, and myocardial perfusion with timing of strain, strain rate, and dyssynchrony were studied. There was a positive relationship between age and time to peak strain before (regression coefficient=0.37 ms/year of age; 95% confidence interval, 0.05 to 0.70; P=0.025) and after adjustment for demographic characteristics and risk factors (P=0.007). Positive associations between age and SD of time to peak strain (regression coefficient=0.33 ms/year of age; P=0.002) and SD of time to peak systolic strain rate were documented (P=0.045). Importantly, we found that LV mass index is directly related to time to peak strain (P<0.001), time to peak strain rate, and the SD of time to strain rate (P=0.001 for all). Finally, decreased myocardial perfusion at rest was associated with delayed contraction and increased extent of dyssynchrony.

Conclusions— In asymptomatic individuals, age, increased LV mass, and decreased myocardial perfusion are related to delayed myocardial contraction and greater extent of dyssynchrony. Increased dyssynchrony may mediate the association of myocardial dysfunction with age and LV hypertrophy.

  R. T George , A Arbab Zadeh , J. M Miller , K Kitagawa , H. J Chang , D. A Bluemke , L Becker , O Yousuf , J Texter , A. C Lardo and J. A.C. Lima
 

Background— Multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography (CTA) is a robust method for the noninvasive diagnosis of coronary artery disease. However, in its current form, CTA is limited in its prediction of myocardial ischemia. The purpose of this study was to test whether adenosine stress computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (CTP), when added to CTA, can predict perfusion abnormalities caused by obstructive atherosclerosis.

Methods and Results— Forty patients with a history of abnormal single-photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI) underwent adenosine stress 64-row (n=24) or 256-row (n=16) detector CTP and CTA. A subset of 27 patients had invasive angiography available for quantitative coronary angiography. CTA and quantitative coronary angiography were evaluated for stenoses ≥50%, and SPECT-MPI was evaluated for fixed and reversible perfusion deficits using a 17-segment model. CTP images were analyzed for the transmural differences in perfusion using the transmural perfusion ratio (subendocardial attenuation density/subepicardial attenuation density). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for the combination of CTA and CTP to detect obstructive atherosclerosis causing perfusion abnormalities using the combination of quantitative coronary angiography and SPECT as the gold standard was 86%, 92%, 92%, and 85% in the per-patient analysis and 79%, 91%, 75%, and 92% in the per vessel/territory analysis, respectively.

Conclusions— The combination of CTA and CTP can detect atherosclerosis causing perfusion abnormalities when compared with the combination of quantitative coronary angiography and SPECT.

  S Cheng , V. R.S Fernandes , D. A Bluemke , R. L McClelland , R. A Kronmal and J. A.C. Lima
 

Background— Age-related alterations of left ventricular (LV) structure and function that may predispose to cardiovascular events are not well understood.

Methods and Results— We used cardiac MRI to examine age-related differences in LV structure and function in 5004 participants without overt cardiovascular disease when enrolled in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis; 1099 participants received additional strain analyses by MRI tagging. We also assessed the relation of age-associated remodeling with cardiovascular outcomes using Cox proportional hazard models adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors. Although LV mass decreased with age (–0.3 g per year), the mass-to-volume ratio markedly increased (+5 mg/mL per year, P<0.0001), driven by a substantial reduction in end-diastolic volume (–0.8 mL per year, P<0.0001). Age was also associated with a significant fall in stroke volume (–0.4 mL per year, P<0.0001), along with strain patterns reflecting systolic (P<0.0001) as well as diastolic (P<0.01) myocardial dysfunction—despite a modestly enhanced ejection fraction (+0.1% per year, P<0.0001). Increased mass-to-volume ratio conferred a significant risk for total cardiovascular events; this trend was strongest among younger (<65 years; hazard ratio, 3.69 [CI, 1.34 to 10.10]) versus older (≥65 years; hazard ratio, 1.68 [CI 0.77 to 3.68]) individuals with the highest compared to lowest mass-to-volume ratio quintile (Pinteraction=0.013).

Conclusions— Age is associated with a phenotype of LV remodeling marked by increased mass-to-volume ratio and accompanied by systolic as well as diastolic myocardial dysfunction that is not reflected by preserved ejection fraction. This pattern of ventricular remodeling confers significant cardiovascular risk, particularly when present earlier in life.

 
 
 
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