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Articles by J. A Romijn
Total Records ( 2 ) for J. A Romijn
  E. T Parlevliet , J. E de Leeuw van Weenen , J. A Romijn and H. Pijl
 

Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) improves insulin sensitivity in humans and rodents. It is currently unknown to what extent the (metabolic) effects of GLP-1 treatment are mediated by central GLP-1 receptors. We studied the impact of central GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) antagonism on the metabolic effects of peripheral GLP-1 administration in mice. High-fat-fed insulin-resistant C57Bl/6 mice were treated with continuous subcutaneous infusion of GLP-1 or saline (PBS) for 2 wk, whereas the GLP-1R antagonist exendin-9 (EX-9) and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were simultaneously infused in the left lateral cerebral ventricle (icv). Glucose and glycerol turnover were determined during a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp. VLDL-triglyceride (VLDL-TG) production was determined in hyperinsulinemic conditions. Our data show that the rate of glucose infusion necessary to maintain euglycemia was significantly increased by GLP-1. Simultaneous icv infusion of EX-9 diminished this effect by 62%. The capacities of insulin to stimulate glucose disposal and inhibit glucose production were reinforced by GLP-1. Simultaneous icv infusion of EX-9 significantly diminished the latter effect. Central GLP-1R antagonism alone did not affect glucose metabolism. Also, GLP-1 treatment reinforced the inhibitory action of insulin on VLDL-TG production. In conclusion, peripheral administration of GLP-1 reinforces the ability of insulin to suppress endogenous glucose and VLDL-TG production (but not lipolysis) and boosts its capacity to stimulate glucose disposal in high-fat-fed C57Bl/6 mice. Activation of central GLP-1Rs contributes substantially to the inhibition of endogenous glucose production by GLP-1 treatment in this animal model.

  K. A Heemstra , M. R Soeters , E Fliers , M. J Serlie , J Burggraaf , M. B van Doorn , A. A van der Klaauw , J. A Romijn , J. W Smit , E. P Corssmit and T. J. Visser
 

Context: The iodothyronine deiodinases D1, D2, and D3 enable tissue-specific adaptation of thyroid hormone levels in response to various conditions, such as hypothyroidism or fasting. The possible expression of D2 mRNA in skeletal muscle is intriguing because this enzyme could play a role in systemic as well as local T3 production.

Objective: We determined D2 activity and D2 mRNA expression in human skeletal muscle biopsies under control conditions and during hypothyroidism, fasting, and hyperinsulinemia.

Design: This was a prospective study.

Setting: The study was conducted at a university hospital.

Patients: We studied 11 thyroidectomized patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) on and after 4 wk off T4 replacement and six healthy lean subjects in the fasting state and during hyperinsulinemia after both 14 and 62 h of fasting.

Mean Outcome Measures: D2 activity and D2 mRNA levels were measured in skeletal muscle samples.

Results: No differences were observed in muscle D2 mRNA levels in DTC patients on and off T4 replacement therapy. In healthy subjects, muscle D2 mRNA levels were lower after 62 h compared to 14 h of fasting. Insulin increased mRNA expression after 62 h, but not after 14 h of fasting. Skeletal muscle D2 activities were very low and not influenced by hypothyroidism and fasting.

Conclusion: Human skeletal muscle D2 mRNA expression is modulated by fasting and insulin, but not by hypothyroidism. The lack of a clear effect of D2 mRNA modulation on the observed low D2 activities questions the physiological relevance of D2 activity in human skeletal muscle.

 
 
 
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