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Articles by J Yamaki
Total Records ( 1 ) for J Yamaki
  Y Kabuyama , T Suzuki , N Nakazawa , J Yamaki and M. K Homma
 

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic progressive lung disease of unknown etiology. We previously revealed increased oxidative stress and high expression of antioxidant proteins in culture cell lines established from lesional lung tissues with IPF (Kabuyama Y, Oshima K, Kitamura T, Homma M, Yamaki J, Munakata M, Homma Y. Genes Cells 12: 1235–1244, 2007). In this study, we show that IPF cells contain high levels of free cholesterol and its peroxidized form as compared with normal TIG7 lung fibroblasts, suggesting that radical oxygen species (ROS) are generated within specific organelles. To understand the molecular basis underlying the generation of ROS in IPF cells, we performed proteomic analysis of mitochondrial proteins from TIG and IPF cells. This analysis shows that the phosphorylation of Ser586 of very long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (VLCAD) is significantly reduced in IPF cells. Similar results are obtained from immunoblotting with anti-pS586 antibody. Kinase activity toward a peptide containing Ser586 from IPF cells is significantly lower than that from TIG cells. Furthermore, a phosphorylation-negative mutant (S586A) VLCAD shows reduced electron transfer activity and a strong dominant-negative effect on fatty acid β-oxidation. The ectopic expression of the S586A mutant induced human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 cells to produce significantly high amounts of oxidized lipids and hydrogen peroxide. HEK293 cells expressing the S586A mutant exhibit a reduction in cell growth and an enhancement in apoptosis. These results suggest a novel regulatory mechanism for homeostatic VLCAD activity, whose dysregulation might be involved in the production of oxidative stress and in the pathogenesis of IPF.

 
 
 
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