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Articles by J Morris
Total Records ( 4 ) for J Morris
  D. H Ducroq , M. S Morton , N Shadi , H. L Fraser , C Strevens , J Morris and M. A. Thomas

WEQAS, one of the largest EQA (External Quality Assessment) providers in the UK, offers a bile acid EQA scheme, with linear serum pools containing cholic acid, deoxycholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid, reflecting levels observed in obstructive cholestasis. Total bile acids are currently measured routinely by non-specific enzymatic methods. Traceability of results to the SI unit utilizing reference target values is the preferred method of comparison of returned results where available, ensuring the transfer of accuracy from definitive methods to routine methods.


Target values have been assigned to EQA material utilizing isotope dilution gas chromatography mass spectrometry (ID-GCMS). The methodology was based on published routine methods and adapted for use as a ID-GCMS target method. The total bile acid target value was reported as the sum of the three major bile acids measured: cholic acid, deoxycholic acid and chenodeoxycholic acid.


The produced target values have been used to assess the performance of total bile acid methods. A degree of variability was observed between the third-generation enzyme-formazan methods and the fifth-generation thio-NADH methods. Additionally, the Sentinel results showed a positive bias in comparison to their peer formazan method group.


The use of ID-GCMS target results provides a common comparison for resumed results in EQA schemes, highlighting any method differences. Thus can then aid in the harmonisation of results observed for each of the different methods.

  C Marsland , P Larsen , R Segal , S Hunter , J Morris , P Mezzavia , A Walpole , B di Luca , K Lee and W. Lim

Proficient manipulation of the fibreoptic bronchoscope is an important component of competent bronchoscopic airway management. We studied the duration of specialized bench training necessary to achieve this proficiency and the subsequent transfer of this psychomotor skill to human subjects.


Twenty-nine novice endoscopists undertook the training associated with a commercial non-anatomic endoscopic dexterity training system, DexterTM. Bronchoscopic driving performance was assessed after each hour of self-directed training, using a global rating scale from 1 (unskilled) to 5 (expert) with a score of 3 linked to proficiency. The scale was applied to anonymized recordings of the endoscopic view as the bronchoscope was manipulated from the mouth to the carina of an anatomic manikin. Once bench proficiency was achieved, the ability of participants to perform the skill on volunteer co-participants was assessed.


Ninety-six per cent of participants achieved proficiency on the manikin within 4 h of practice. Ninety-three per cent then drove the bronchoscope proficiently from the mouth to the carina of clinical volunteers on the first attempt.


The endoscopic dexterity required to proficiently drive a bronchoscope in human subjects to an anatomic endpoint relevant to fibreoptic intubation is achievable after 2–4 h of specialized bench training. Training in the local environment may be more conducive to success than in time-limited workshops. Achieving a defined proficiency standard on bench models contributes to the development of basic bronchoscopic competence. This has the potential to protect patients from novice learning curves, optimize clinical education and efficiency, and assist compliance with difficult airway algorithms.

  J. B Massey , H. J Pownall , S Macha , J Morris , M. R Tubb and R. A. G. D. Silva

Plasma HDL-cholesterol and apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) levels are strongly inversely associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the structure and protein composition of HDL particles is complex, as native and synthetic discoidal and spherical HDL particles can have from two to five apoA-I molecules per particle. To fully understand structure-function relationships of HDL, a method is required that is capable of directly determining the number of apolipoprotein molecules in heterogeneous HDL particles. Chemical cross-linking followed by SDS polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis has been previously used to determine apolipoprotein stoichiometry in HDL particles. However, this method yields ambiguous results due to effects of cross-linking on protein conformation and, subsequently, its migration pattern on the gel. Here, we describe a new method based on cross-linking chemistry followed by MALDI mass spectrometry that determines the absolute mass of the cross-linked complex, thereby correctly determining the number of apolipoprotein molecules in a given HDL particle. Using well-defined, homogeneous, reconstituted apoA-I-containing HDL, apoA-IV-containing HDL, as well as apoA-I/apoA-II-containing HDL, we have validated this method. The method has the capability to determine the molecular ratio and molecular composition of apolipoprotein molecules in complex reconstituted HDL particles.

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