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Articles by J Moriya
Total Records ( 3 ) for J Moriya
  M Orimo , T Minamino , H Miyauchi , K Tateno , S Okada , J Moriya and I. Komuro
 

Objective— Calorie restriction (CR) prolongs the lifespan of various species, ranging from yeasts to mice. In yeast, CR extends the lifespan by increasing the activity of silencing information regulator 2 (Sir2), an NAD+-dependent deacetylase. SIRT1, a mammalian homolog of Sir2, has been reported to downregulate p53 activity and thereby prolong the lifespan of cells. Although recent evidence suggests a link between SIRT1 activity and metabolic homeostasis during CR, its pathological role in human disease is not yet fully understood.

Methods and Results— Treatment of human endothelial cells with high glucose decreases SIRT1 expression and thus activates p53 by increasing its acetylation. This in turn accelerates endothelial senescence and induces functional abnormalities. Introduction of SIRT1 or disruption of p53 inhibits high glucose–induced endothelial senescence and dysfunction. Likewise, activation of Sirt1 prevents the hyperglycemia-induced vascular cell senescence and thereby protects against vascular dysfunction in mice with diabetes.

Conclusions— These findings represent a novel mechanism of vascular cell senescence induced by hyperglycemia and suggest a protective role of SIRT1 in the pathogenesis of diabetic vasculopathy.

  J Moriya , T Minamino , K Tateno , N Shimizu , Y Kuwabara , Y Sato , Y Saito and I. Komuro
 

Background— Injection of bone marrow mononuclear cells has been reported to promote neovascularization of ischemic tissues effectively. We found that peripheral blood mononuclear cells were as efficient as bone marrow mononuclear cells for the treatment of limb ischemia in animals and showed that this treatment was feasible and safe in no-option patients with limb ischemia. However, the long-term outcome of such therapy has not been investigated.

Methods and Results— We retrospectively analyzed the data for 42 patients who were treated between July 2002 and December 2005 by using the log-rank test, the Kaplan-Meier method, and the Cox proportional hazard model. Improvement of ischemic symptoms was observed in 60% to 70% of the patients. The annual rate of major amputation was decreased markedly by treatment. Improvement of ischemic symptoms was less marked in arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) patients on dialysis compared with nonhemodialysis ASO or thromboangiitis obliterans patients. Indeed, the survival rate of these patients was lower than that of nonhemodialysis ASO or thromboangiitis obliterans patients. Major adverse events such as death, major amputation, and cardiovascular events occurred mostly in ASO patients, and most of them were on dialysis. There was no significant difference in the cardiovascular event-free rate between responders and nonresponders. The survival rate of younger responders was better than that of nonresponders.

Conclusions— Although this study was not placebo-controlled and these initial results were from a retrospective analysis, injection of peripheral blood mononuclear cells might be safe and potentially effective for the treatment of limb ischemia, but caution is needed when managing ASO patients on dialysis.

  Y Kayama , T Minamino , H Toko , M Sakamoto , I Shimizu , H Takahashi , S Okada , K Tateno , J Moriya , M Yokoyama , A Nojima , M Yoshimura , K Egashira , H Aburatani and I. Komuro
 

To identify a novel target for the treatment of heart failure, we examined gene expression in the failing heart. Among the genes analyzed, Alox15 encoding the protein 12/15 lipoxygenase (LOX) was markedly up-regulated in heart failure. To determine whether increased expression of 12/15-LOX causes heart failure, we established transgenic mice that overexpressed 12/15-LOX in cardiomyocytes. Echocardiography showed that Alox15 transgenic mice developed systolic dysfunction. Cardiac fibrosis increased in Alox15 transgenic mice with advancing age and was associated with the infiltration of macrophages. Consistent with these observations, cardiac expression of monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1) was up-regulated in Alox15 transgenic mice compared with wild-type mice. Treatment with 12-hydroxy-eicosatetraenoic acid, a major metabolite of 12/15-LOX, increased MCP-1 expression in cardiac fibroblasts and endothelial cells but not in cardiomyocytes. Inhibition of MCP-1 reduced the infiltration of macrophages into the myocardium and prevented both systolic dysfunction and cardiac fibrosis in Alox15 transgenic mice. Likewise, disruption of 12/15-LOX significantly reduced cardiac MCP-1 expression and macrophage infiltration, thereby improving systolic dysfunction induced by chronic pressure overload. Our results suggest that cardiac 12/15-LOX is involved in the development of heart failure and that inhibition of 12/15-LOX could be a novel treatment for this condition.

 
 
 
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