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Articles by J Kuroda
Total Records ( 2 ) for J Kuroda
  Y Koga , M Yasunaga , A Takahashi , J Kuroda , Y Moriya , T Akasu , S Fujita , S Yamamoto , H Baba and Y. Matsumura

To reduce the colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality rate, we have reported several CRC screening methods using colonocytes isolated from feces. Expression analysis of oncogenic microRNA (miRNA) in peripheral blood was recently reported for CRC detection. In the present study, we conducted miRNA expression analysis of exfoliated colonocytes isolated from feces for CRC screening. Two hundred six CRC patients and 134 healthy volunteers were enrolled in the study. miRNA expression of the miR-17-92 cluster, miR-21, and miR-135 in colonocytes isolated from feces as well as frozen tissues was analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR. The expression of the miR-17-92 cluster, miR-21, and miR-135 was significantly higher in CRC tissues compared with normal tissues. The exfoliated colonocytes of 197 CRC patients and 119 healthy volunteers were analyzed because of the presence of sufficient miRNA concentration. miR-21 expression did not differ significantly between CRC patients and healthy volunteers (P = 0.6). The expression of miR-17-92 cluster and miR-135 was significantly higher in CRC patients than in healthy volunteers (P < 0.0001). The overall sensitivity and specificity by using miRNA expression was 74.1% (146/197; 95% confidence interval, 67.4-80.1) and 79.0% (94/119; 95% confidence interval, 70.6-85.9), respectively. Sensitivity was dependent only on tumor location (P = 0.0001). miRNA was relatively well conserved in exfoliated colonocytes from feces both of CRC patients and healthy volunteers. miRNA expression analysis of the isolated colonocytes may be a useful method for CRC screening. Furthermore, oncogenic miRNA highly expressed in CRC should be investigated for CRC screening tests in the future. Cancer Prev Res; 3(11); 1435–42. ©2010 AACR.

  T Ago , J Kuroda , J Pain , C Fu , H Li and J. Sadoshima

Rationale: NADPH oxidases are a major source of superoxide (O2) in the cardiovascular system. The function of Nox4, a member of the Nox family of NADPH oxidases, in the heart is poorly understood.

Objective: The goal of this study was to elucidate the role of Nox4 in mediating oxidative stress and growth/death in the heart.

Methods and Results: Expression of Nox4 in the heart was increased in response to hypertrophic stimuli and aging. Neither transgenic mice with cardiac specific overexpression of Nox4 (Tg-Nox4) nor those with catalytically inactive Nox4 (Tg-Nox4-P437H) showed an obvious baseline cardiac phenotype at young ages. Tg-Nox4 gradually displayed decreased left ventricular (LV) function with enhanced O2 production in the heart, which was accompanied by increased apoptosis and fibrosis at 13 to 14 months of age. On the other hand, the level of oxidative stress was attenuated in Tg-Nox4-P437H. Although the size of cardiac myocytes was significantly greater in Tg-Nox4 than in nontransgenic, the LV weight/tibial length was not significantly altered in Tg-Nox4 mice. Overexpression of Nox4 in cultured cardiac myocytes induced apoptotic cell death but not hypertrophy. Nox4 is primarily localized in mitochondria and upregulation of Nox4 enhanced both rotenone- and diphenyleneiodonium-sensitive O2 production in mitochondria. Cysteine residues in mitochondrial proteins, including aconitase and NADH dehydrogenases, were oxidized and their activities decreased in Tg-Nox4.

Conclusions: Upregulation of Nox4 by hypertrophic stimuli and aging induces oxidative stress, apoptosis and LV dysfunction, in part because of mitochondrial insufficiency caused by increased O2 production and consequent cysteine oxidation in mitochondrial proteins.

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